Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (38)
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocrine glands, that are produced in one tissue and affect another
a mechanism of response in which a stimulus initiates reactions that reduce the stimulus
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the bloodstream
brain region controlling the pituitary gland
The endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the influence of the hypothalamus, the pituitary regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands.
Located around the trachea in the neck. It produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth
four small glands on the posterior of the thyroid gland. Regulate Calcium levels in the body
a pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys. the adrenals secrete the hormones epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline), Cortisol, etc. which help to arouse the body in times of stress.
Regulates the level of sugar in the blood
Gland in the thoracic cavity above the heart where T lymphocytes mature.
ovaries and testes
A hormone manufactured by the pineal gland that produces sleepiness.
Hypothalamic hormones that stimulate the release of hormones from the anterior pituitary
A hormone released by the posterior pituitary that stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth and milk ejection during breastfeeding.
Anti diuretic hormone (ADH)
A hormone produced by the pituitary gland when the body is dehydrated. It causes the kidneys to reabsorb more water into the blood making the urine more concentrated.
hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland that stimulates growth of bones
stimulates milk production produced by Pituitary gland
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum) and sperm (Gonadotropin)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation and stimulates production of testosterone in males (Gonadotropin)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) or Thyrotropin
Produced by the Pituitary. Stimulates synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones by thyroid
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Produced by the Pituitary. Stimulates the adrenal cortex
Thyroxine (T4) / T3 (Triiodothyronine)
Produced by the Thyroid. Stimulates Metabolism
Produced by the Thyroid. Lowers blood calcium levels
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
raises blood calcium level
regulates immune response
Produced by the Adrenal Cortex. Stress hormone
secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases heart rate and blood pressure
made in pancreas; lowers levels of glucose in blood
A hormone secreted by the pancreatic alpha cells that increases blood glucose concentration
the most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty
A sex hormone, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males. In nonhuman female mammals, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity.
A hormone produced by the ovaries which acts with estrogen to bring about the menstrual cycle.
A structure that allows an embryo to be nourished with the mother's blood supply
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
A condition in which the body is unable to produce enough insulin, the hormone required for the metabolism of sugar
a condition produced by hypersecretion of growth hormone during the early years of life
enlargement of the face extremities cause by hypersecretion of growth hormone during adulthood.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
MCAT Biology | Kaplan Guide
A&P II Hormones teas
Anatomy Chapter 9 - Hormones