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52 terms

Pathology Chpt 13-15 Crossword Puzzle

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multiple sclerosis
inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, in which infiltrating lymphocytes, predominantly T cells and macrophages, degrade the myelin sheath of nerves
Stroke
also known as apoplexy, transient ischemic attacks, or cerebrovascular accidents
dementia
progressive, irreversible decline in mental function, marked by memory impairment and, often, deficits in reasoning, judgement, abstract thought, registration, comprehension, learning, task execution, and use of language
myelitis
confusion or disorientation that increases in the afternoon or evening, commonly found in patients with cognitive disorders; tends to improve when the patient is reassured and reoriented
neuritis
inflammation of a nerve or nerves
demyelization
loss of the fatty tissue that surrounds the nerves
cryptococcal meningitis
severe form of fungal meningitis
parkinson's disease
chronic nervous disease characterized by a fine, slowly spreading tremor, muscular weakness and rigidity, and a peculiar gait
secondary encephalitis
also known as post-infectious encephalitis
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
lou gehrig's disease
hydrocephalus
condition in which the cerebrospinal fluid fails to be properly drained or absorbed, causing the ventricles of the brain to fill with cerebrospinal fluid
primary encephalitis
the most common cause of encephalitis
cerebral palsy
term used to describe a group of chronic disorders characterized by the impairment of control over movement
meningitis
infection of the cerebrospinal fluid, which is the fluid surrounding the spinal cord and brain
subdural hemorrhage
bleeding between the dura mater and the arachnoid membrane
dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
convulsions
abnormal, violent, and involuntary contraction or series of contractions of the muscles
subarachnoid hematoma
bleeding between the pia mater and the arachnoid membrane
grand mal seizures
seizures characterized by fecal and urinary incontinence, uncontrolled contraction of the muscles of the extremities, loss of consciousness, and a cry caused by contracttion of the respiratory muscles forcing exhalation
epilepsy
chronic neurogenic disease marked by sudden alterations in consciousness and frequently by convulsions
concussion
traumatic injury to the head resulting in temporary loss of conciousness, paralysis, vomiting, and seizures
glioma
malignant tumor of glial cells in the brain
hydrophobia
another name for rabies
contusion
bruise on the brain often accompanied by swelling
spina bifida
congenital defect in which the spinal cord protrudes
epidural hematoma
bleeding between the dura mater and the skull
intracranial hemorrhage
extravasitation of blood within the skull
seizures
sudden, uncontrolled discharges of electrical activity in the brain that may cause convulsions
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain, and when used clinically, it refers to an infection of the brain caused by a virus
eclampsia
the occurrence of seizure during pregnancy, which cannot be attributed to another cause, after the twentieth week of gestation
endocervicitis
inflammation of the uterus and the cervix
ophoritis
inflammation of the ovary
salpingitis
inflammation of the fallopian {uterine} tube
mastectomy
the surgical removal of a portion of the breast or the entire breast
lumpectomy
procedure during which a surgeon removes a lump and an area of healthy tissue around its edges from the breast
vaginitis
inflammation of the vagina
endometriosis
condition in which the endometrium grows in other areas of the body such as the pelvic area, the surface of the uterus, the ovaries, the intestines, the rectum, or the bladder
endometrisis
infection of the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus
ectopic pregnancy
implantation of the fertilized ovum in a site other than the normal one in the uterine cavity
tubal pregnancy
implantation and development of the fertilized ovum in a uterine tube
gleason system
uses scores between two and ten to grade prostate cancer
protatitis
inflammation of the prostate gland
inguinal hernia
condition in which part of the intestine bulges through a weakened area in the muscles of the abdomen
myalgia
pain and tenderness of the muscles
orchiopexy
suturing the testicle into place in the scrotum
hydrocele
abnormal collection of fluid in any sacculated cavity in the body, especially the scrotum
benign prostatic hyperplasia
the abnormal growth of prostate cells
chronic prostatitis
another name for chronic pelvic pain syndrome
strangulated hernia
the twisting of the intestine in cases of hernia to the point that the blood supply becomes compromised
orchitis
acute inflammatory reaction in the testicle
orchiectomy
surgical removal of the testicle
cryptorchism
failure of the testis to descend from its intra-abdominal location into the scrotum