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multiple sclerosis

inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, in which infiltrating lymphocytes, predominantly T cells and macrophages, degrade the myelin sheath of nerves


also known as apoplexy, transient ischemic attacks, or cerebrovascular accidents


progressive, irreversible decline in mental function, marked by memory impairment and, often, deficits in reasoning, judgement, abstract thought, registration, comprehension, learning, task execution, and use of language


confusion or disorientation that increases in the afternoon or evening, commonly found in patients with cognitive disorders; tends to improve when the patient is reassured and reoriented


inflammation of a nerve or nerves


loss of the fatty tissue that surrounds the nerves

cryptococcal meningitis

severe form of fungal meningitis

parkinson's disease

chronic nervous disease characterized by a fine, slowly spreading tremor, muscular weakness and rigidity, and a peculiar gait

secondary encephalitis

also known as post-infectious encephalitis

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

lou gehrig's disease


condition in which the cerebrospinal fluid fails to be properly drained or absorbed, causing the ventricles of the brain to fill with cerebrospinal fluid

primary encephalitis

the most common cause of encephalitis

cerebral palsy

term used to describe a group of chronic disorders characterized by the impairment of control over movement


infection of the cerebrospinal fluid, which is the fluid surrounding the spinal cord and brain

subdural hemorrhage

bleeding between the dura mater and the arachnoid membrane


difficulty swallowing


abnormal, violent, and involuntary contraction or series of contractions of the muscles

subarachnoid hematoma

bleeding between the pia mater and the arachnoid membrane

grand mal seizures

seizures characterized by fecal and urinary incontinence, uncontrolled contraction of the muscles of the extremities, loss of consciousness, and a cry caused by contracttion of the respiratory muscles forcing exhalation


chronic neurogenic disease marked by sudden alterations in consciousness and frequently by convulsions


traumatic injury to the head resulting in temporary loss of conciousness, paralysis, vomiting, and seizures


malignant tumor of glial cells in the brain


another name for rabies


bruise on the brain often accompanied by swelling

spina bifida

congenital defect in which the spinal cord protrudes

epidural hematoma

bleeding between the dura mater and the skull

intracranial hemorrhage

extravasitation of blood within the skull


sudden, uncontrolled discharges of electrical activity in the brain that may cause convulsions


inflammation of the brain, and when used clinically, it refers to an infection of the brain caused by a virus


the occurrence of seizure during pregnancy, which cannot be attributed to another cause, after the twentieth week of gestation


inflammation of the uterus and the cervix


inflammation of the ovary


inflammation of the fallopian {uterine} tube


the surgical removal of a portion of the breast or the entire breast


procedure during which a surgeon removes a lump and an area of healthy tissue around its edges from the breast


inflammation of the vagina


condition in which the endometrium grows in other areas of the body such as the pelvic area, the surface of the uterus, the ovaries, the intestines, the rectum, or the bladder


infection of the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus

ectopic pregnancy

implantation of the fertilized ovum in a site other than the normal one in the uterine cavity

tubal pregnancy

implantation and development of the fertilized ovum in a uterine tube

gleason system

uses scores between two and ten to grade prostate cancer


inflammation of the prostate gland

inguinal hernia

condition in which part of the intestine bulges through a weakened area in the muscles of the abdomen


pain and tenderness of the muscles


suturing the testicle into place in the scrotum


abnormal collection of fluid in any sacculated cavity in the body, especially the scrotum

benign prostatic hyperplasia

the abnormal growth of prostate cells

chronic prostatitis

another name for chronic pelvic pain syndrome

strangulated hernia

the twisting of the intestine in cases of hernia to the point that the blood supply becomes compromised


acute inflammatory reaction in the testicle


surgical removal of the testicle


failure of the testis to descend from its intra-abdominal location into the scrotum

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