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Adjustment Psychology: Chapter 4: Psychological Factors and Health
Terms in this set (38)
The field of psychology that studies the relationships between psychological factors and the prevention and treatment of physical health problems.
The Body's Response to Stress
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS): the three stages of response our body goes through when exposed to stress.
General Adaptation Syndrome
Stage 1: Alarm Reaction
Stage 2: Resistance
Stage 3: Exhaustion
Stage 1: Alarm Reaction
- the 1st stage of the GAS
- triggered by the impact of a stressor
- characterized by sympathetic activity
- it mobilizes or arouses (stress) the body to prepare to defend itself from stressor
Stage 1: Alram Reaction
The fight it flight reaction
The fight or flight reaction
Innate adaptive response to fe perception of danger- body prepared to flight or flee
Autonomic Nervous System
Works when the body is calm
Most active during stress activities and emotional responses such as anxiety and fear.
A body system that involved in regulating many bodily processes. Consist of ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream that regulate body functions.
Secretes corticotrophin- releasing hormone
Affects the pituitary gland
Secretes andrenocorticotrophin hormone
Causes the adrenal glands to secrete corticosteroids
Causes increase resistance to stress by: causes the liver to release more sugar into bloodstream. This gives the body more nutrients to meet the need of increased t need to cope with stress.
Hormones released by Adrenal Glands
the system of the body that recognizes and destroys foreign agents (antigens) that invade the body
the field that studies the relationship between psychological factors and the functioning of the immune system
ethnicity, gender, impact on health
the life expectancy of African American is seven years shorter than that European Americans. They have a higher chance to develop hypertension, heart attacks, and cancer
Men are more likely than women to have Coronary Heart Disease because estrogen in women protect them from cardiovascular disease
less well-educated people who are more likely to smoke and suffer from obesity
Immune System sends out:
white bloods cells that kill pathogens
bacteria, viruses, and fungi
the surface of pathogen, they stimulate the body to mount an immune system response. Antigens are the production of antibodies
are formed while the white blood cell recognize and kill antigens.
the most common stress-related physical ailments.
the single most frequent type of headache. Persistent stress can lead to constant contraction of the shoulder, neck, forehead, and scalp muscles.
throbbing headache caused by wavelike firing of neurons on the brain, which creates ripples of neutral activity that reach pain centers in the brain stem
refers to a cluster of physical and psychological symptoms that afflict some women prior to menstruation. 50%-75%
Causes of PMS
women sensitivity to estrogen and pro-estrogen will contribute PMS. It also appears to be linked serotonin imbalances in the brain. GABA also play a role
Stage 2: Resistance Stage
-the 2nd stage of GAS
-characterized by prolonged sympathetic nervous system activity in an effort to restore lost energy and repair damage
-also called the adaptation stage
Stage 3: Exhaustion Stage
-weakened resistance and possible deterioration
-continue stress can lead to muscle fatigue and depleted energy sources which causes DISEASE ADAPTATION
motives escapist behavior
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