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Hist 2057 Foster, Exam 2, questions on Summer for the Gods
Terms in this set (10)
Why did the fight over evolution in the schools occur in the 1920s?
more scientific proof was being discovered about evolution, first time that fundamentalists had been threatened about their religious values
What were the three tactics used to attack the anti-evolution which were also the basis of Scopes defense?
the defense of individual freedom, an appeal to scientific authority, and making fun of bible inerrancy
What was the major reason for the ACLU's opposition to the anti-evolution crusade?
they were upset that whatever was taught in schools was based on the majority vote;
What 3 arguments did Bryan use to defend anti-evolution laws? Which one was the most important?
the evolution theory lacked scientific proof, teaching it to students undermined their personal beliefs, and the bible-believing majority should control the content of public school instruction (most important)
According to the author, the public debate over evolution ignored the pragmatic compromise maintained by most Americans. What was that compromise?
people weren't really taking a side either way; they left room for both traditional religion and modern science
Briefly describe the scene in Dayton during the trial.
very crowded and circus-like
Who were the two major protagonists? What was their confrontation?
Darrow and Bryan; Darrow called Bryan to the stand and Bryan confessed to not taking the bible literally
What happened to the case on appeal?
they dropped Scopes conviction which prevented it from getting a second appeal
How did the modern Scopes trial legend portray the outcome of the trial? Does the book argue that legend is valid?
people were basing their their arguments on science; the legend is that this trial started the decline of fundamentalism and the author says this legend is not true
How well did the play Inherit the Wind portray the Scopes trial? What according to the authors was the play really about?
it did not do a good job of portray the scopes trial (said Darrow was a hero and he wasn't, Bryan was thought of as a guy who only though about religion which was not true) it was actually about the fear of communism
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