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all characterized by a fibrous articular capsule lined with a synovial membrane surrounding a joint cavity
dense fibrous connective tissue attaching tendon to bone, reinforces the joint capsule as it spans a joint
loose connective tissue, produces synovial fluid which decreases friction within the joint capsule
what characteristics do all joints have in common?
all consist of bony regions separated by fibrous or cartilaginous connective tissue
name 2 important factors that contribute to stability of hip joint
deep socket for femur
strongly reinforced articular capsule
name 2 important factors that contribute to stability of knee
ligaments and tendons crossing joint
factors which contribute to large range of motion of shoulder
-large head of humerus moves easily against shallow glenoid cavity of scapula
-glenoid labrum only slightly deepens glenoid cavity
-articular capsule is thin and loose
-few ligaments that strengthen joint
which direction does shoulder dislocate?
humerus usually dislocates in forward and downward direction
ligaments reinforcing a joint are damaged by excessive stretching, or torn away from bony attachment
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