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HN 600 Exam 1 Public Health
Terms in this set (24)
reduction of risk factors before occurrence of disease, condition or injury
early detection of the potential for development of a disease or condition, or the existence of a disease while asymptomatic
treatment of an existing symptomatic disease process to ameliorate its effects, or delay or prevent its progress
what is health
a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. World Health Organization (WHO, 1946)
Public health does not rely solely on individuals to take responsibility for their well-being.
In public health, the "patient" is a community or population
The social determinants of health
are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system.
What is public Health
An effort organized by society to protect, promote, and restore the people's health.
The science and art of promoting health, preventing disease and prolonging life through organized efforts of society.
The health or physical well-being of a whole community
Public Health Core Discplines
health services administration
social and behavioral science
environmental health science
The study of the distribution and determinants of disease or health status in a population; the study of the occurrence and causes of health effects in humans.
Programs designed with a community to help it know about health risks and how to reduce these risks.
the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their health (Bangkok Charter of WHO, 2005)
State of being ill or diseased. Morbidity is the occurrence of a disease or condition that alters health and quality of life.
Public health surveillance
The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health data. This activity also involves timely dissemination of the data and use for public health programs.
A branch of mathematics that deals with collecting, reviewing, summarizing, and interpreting data or information. Biostatisticians apply mathematics and statistics to compiling, analyzing and reporting on health-related information
The protection from hazards in the environment. This might include chemicals, fumes, dust, human and industrial wastes, radioactive materials, and bacterial contaminants.
Strategy # 1 for health promotion
Advocacy to ensure the creation of conditions favorable to health
Strategy # 2 for health promotion
Enabling by creating a supportive environment, but also by giving people the information and skills that they need to make healthy choices
Strategy # 3 for health promotion
Mediation between different groups to ensure the pursuit of health
What does health promotion do
Promote/provide disease control and prevention
Assure air, water, food quality
Promote healthy lifestyles
Assess community health needs
Investigate health hazards and effects
Analyze health factors
Advocate for community needs and issues
Prioritize health needs
Plan and develop policies
Inform the public
Turn of the 20th century
Better understanding of vaccinations, prevention techniques (hand washing, clean water supply, etc.)
Increases in life expectancies
mid to late 20th century
Shift focus to chronic diseases
Education, epidemiology and prevention
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