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Terms in this set (50)
Korea after WWII
It was divided into two spheres of influence
The Americans controlled south
George Kennan, "containment"
In 1946, U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan argued that to stop the expansion of Soviet communism.
policy of 'containment. '
Truman established that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces.
convinced many that the United States was locked in a struggle with the Soviet Union
also known as the European Recovery Program, was a U.S. program providing aid to Western Europe following the devastation of World War II.
It was enacted in 1948 and provided more than $15 billion to help finance rebuilding efforts on the continent.
NATO vs.Warsaw Pact
The Warsaw Pact embodied what was referred to as the Eastern bloc, while NATO and its member countries represented the Western bloc.
built up their own defences starting an arms race that lasted throughout the Cold War.
Fall of China, Mao Tse-Tung
The Chinese Communist Revolution, led by the Communist Party of China and Chairman Mao Zedong
resulted in the proclamation of the People's Republic of China, on 1 October 1949.
The Korean War began when the North Korean Communist army crossed the 38th Parallel and invaded non-Communist South Korea.
quickly overran South Korea, the United States came to South Korea's aid.
The world's first space satellite.
This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US.
The term GI Bill refers to any Department of Veterans Affairs education benefit earned by members of Active Duty, Selected Reserve and National Guard Armed Forces and their families.
helped service members and eligible veterans cover the costs associated with getting an education or training.
increase in the birth rate between 1946 and 1964; also, the generation born in the U.S. during that period.
led many couples to delay marriage and many married couples to delay having children.
southern Democrats who opposed Truman's position on civil rights.
They caused a split in the Democratic party.
McCarthy, House Un- American Activities
On May 26, 1938, the House Committee on Un-American Activities was established as a special investigating
investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens
Great Society, War Poverty, Medicare
Federal funds were sent to struggling communities to attack unemployment and illiteracy.
eliminated the troubles of the poor.
He was a Democrat who ran for president in 1968 promoting civil rights and other equality based ideals.
died leaving Nixon to take the presidency but instilling hope in many Americans.
Democratic Convention, Chicago 1968
Was held in Chicago. Purpose was to elect a suitable nominee to run as the Democratic Party's choice for prez in the 1968 election.
Riots broke out from Anti-Vietnam war protestors during the time of the convention.
Election of 1968: Nixon, "southern strategy", Wallace
The Republican nominee, former Vice President Richard Nixon, defeated the Democratic nominee, incumbent Vice President Hubert Humphrey.
promised to restore law and order to the nation's cities and provide new leadership in the Vietnam War.
it has become a cultural touchstone. Half a million young people were there
they lived in peace for three days without any visible form of security, they cooperated to share food, shelter and drugs.
decades of racial, economic, and political forces, which generated inner city poverty, resulted in "race riots" within minority areas in cities across the United States.
sparked the 1967 Newark riots.
A slogan used to reflect solidarity and racial consciousness, used by Malcolm X.
It meant that equality could not be given, but had to be seized
A black political organization that was against peaceful protest and for violence if needed.
favoring militant ideals rather than peaceful protest.
Equal Rights Amendment
constitutional amendment passed by Congress
never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
American farm worker of Mexican descent, a labor and civil rights leader who co-founded the NWA.
American Indian Movement
led by Dennis Banks and Russell Means; purpose was to obtain equal rights for Native Americans
protested at the site of the Wounded Knee massacre. changed the outlook for the foreseeable future
an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement
President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.
secret government documents published In 1971
revealed that the u.s. government had misled americans about the vietnam war.
Husband and wife tried/excuted for treason under suspecision of communist influence and trading atomic bomb secrets with the Soviet Union
Eisenhower first coined this phrase when he warned American against it in his last State of the Union Address.
would lead to excessive Congressional spending.
Black Power was a revolutionary movement that occurred in the 1960s and 1970s.
It emphasized racial pride, economic empowerment, and the creation of political and cultural institutions
A book written to voice the concerns of environmentalists.
Launched the environmentalist movement by pointing out the effects of civilization development.
Kennedy's plan, supports civil rights, pushes for a space program
cut taxes, and increase spending for defense and military
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
Cuban Missile Crisis
a time of heightened confrontation between the Soviet Union, the United States, and Cuba during the Cold War.
It may have been the moment when the Cold War came closest to a nuclear war.
Lee Harvey Oswald
On November 22, 1963, he assassinated President Kennedy who was riding downtown Dallas, Texas.
Oswald was later shot
was an American feminist writer and activist.
sparking the second wave of American feminism in the 20th century
Desegregation of Armed Forces
July 1948, President Truman issued an executive order that established a policy of racial equality in military
ended segregation in U.S. military.
Brown v. Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection.
"separate but equal" has no place
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery
triggered the national civil rights movement
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader.
opposed discrimination against blacks
Little Rock, Arkansas
Desegregation at Central High School. Governor refuses to support.
Eisenhower send troops to help integration
March on Washington
held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech.
250,000 people attended the rally
1964 Civil Rights Act
outlawed segregation in public places
banned discrimination in employment
Selma and 1965 Voting Rights Act
required equal access to public places and outlawed discrimination in employment, was a major victory of the black freedom struggle
but the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was its crowning achievement
a group established in 1960 to promote and use non-violent means to protest racial discrimination
responsible for creating the sit-in movement
Black Muslim who argued for separation, not integration.
was assassinated in 1965.
Ho Chi Minh
1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight
drew out war and made it unwinnable
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
1964 Congressional resolution that authorized President Johnson to commit US troops to south vietnam
fight a war against north Vietnam
1968, during Tet, the Vietnam lunar new year - Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army raiding forces attacked provincial capitals throughout Vietnam, even seizing the U.S. embassy for a time.
U.S. opinion began turning against the war.
My Lai Massacre
1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai
led to more opposition to the war.
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war.
a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
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