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51 terms

CH. 15.1, 16.1, 16.2, 16.4, 16.5

STUDY
PLAY
Henry the Navigator
Ruler of Portugal -> Starts school for navigation
Vasco de Gama
Rounds Cape of Good Hope and continues onto India for Spices.
Christopher Columbus
sailed west and found West Indies
Vasco Nunez da Balboa
Hacked through Panama to the south sea
Ferdinand Magellan
Finds sea route west through South America
First to circumnavigate.
Cartographer
mapmakers
Astrolabe
determines latitude on the sea
caravel
ship able to sail into the wind, has both triangular and square sails
scurvy
a disease caused by lack of Vitamin C
circumnavigate
sail around the world
Tainos
Native people of the West Indies
Hernan Cortes
Conquers Aztecs (helped by Malinche, translator and advisor
Malinche
Native translator and advisor
Moctezuma
ruler of the Aztecs
Francisco Pizarro
conquered Incans
Atahualpa
Leader of the Incans
conquistador
Spanish conqueror
immunity
resistance
alliance
Help one another fight
civil war
a fight between two (+) groups of the same nation
Council of the Indies
The government of New Spain
Bartolome de las Casas
the spanish priest that condemned encomiendas
New Laws of the Indies
laws that end the mistreatment of Natives
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz
one of the greatest spanish poets
viceroy
representative of spain
plantation
large estates run by owner/overseer
peninsular
spanish born -> moved to New Spain
encomienda
right to use natives on plantations
peon
workers forced to labor for a landlord in order to pay off debt
creoles
american born descendants of Spanish settlers
mestizo
european + native americans
mulatto
european + african
privateer
a privately owned warship commissioned to prey on the commercial shipping or warships of an enemy nation
Middle Passage
trip from West Africa to Caribbean
Asante
African kingdom on the Gold Coast that expanded rapidly after 1680. Asante participated in the Atlantic economy, trading gold, slaves, and ivory. It resisted British imperial ambitions for a quarter century before being absorbed into Britain. 1902 (736)
Usman dan Fodio
A scholar and preacher of Islam in the early 1800's that denounced the corruption of the local African rulers.
Boer
a Dutch colonist in South Africa
Shaka
A Zulu chief in Southern Africa who used soldiers and good military organization to create a large centralized state.
Great Trek
a migration of Dutch colonists out of British-controlled territory in South Africa during the 1830s
triangular trade
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
repeal
To cancel
monopoly
(economics) a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
commercial revolution
the expansion of the trade and buisness that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries.
"putting-out" system
system of merchant-capitalists "putting out" raw materials to cottage workers for processing and payment that was fully developed in England
inflation
rising prices
capitalism
invest money in order to make a profit
entrepreneur
someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
joint stock company
allowed people to pool large amounts of capital needed for an overseas voyage
mercantilism
main ideas- export more then import
-wealth is based on gold and silver
tariff
tax on imports