CH. 15.1, 16.1, 16.2, 16.4, 16.5

51 terms by ebphilpot

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Henry the Navigator

Ruler of Portugal -> Starts school for navigation

Vasco de Gama

Rounds Cape of Good Hope and continues onto India for Spices.

Christopher Columbus

sailed west and found West Indies

Vasco Nunez da Balboa

Hacked through Panama to the south sea

Ferdinand Magellan

Finds sea route west through South America
First to circumnavigate.




determines latitude on the sea


ship able to sail into the wind, has both triangular and square sails


a disease caused by lack of Vitamin C


sail around the world


Native people of the West Indies

Hernan Cortes

Conquers Aztecs (helped by Malinche, translator and advisor


Native translator and advisor


ruler of the Aztecs

Francisco Pizarro

conquered Incans


Leader of the Incans


Spanish conqueror




Help one another fight

civil war

a fight between two (+) groups of the same nation

Council of the Indies

The government of New Spain

Bartolome de las Casas

the spanish priest that condemned encomiendas

New Laws of the Indies

laws that end the mistreatment of Natives

Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz

one of the greatest spanish poets


representative of spain


large estates run by owner/overseer


spanish born -> moved to New Spain


right to use natives on plantations


workers forced to labor for a landlord in order to pay off debt


american born descendants of Spanish settlers


european + native americans


european + african


a privately owned warship commissioned to prey on the commercial shipping or warships of an enemy nation

Middle Passage

trip from West Africa to Caribbean


African kingdom on the Gold Coast that expanded rapidly after 1680. Asante participated in the Atlantic economy, trading gold, slaves, and ivory. It resisted British imperial ambitions for a quarter century before being absorbed into Britain. 1902 (736)

Usman dan Fodio

A scholar and preacher of Islam in the early 1800's that denounced the corruption of the local African rulers.


a Dutch colonist in South Africa


A Zulu chief in Southern Africa who used soldiers and good military organization to create a large centralized state.

Great Trek

a migration of Dutch colonists out of British-controlled territory in South Africa during the 1830s

triangular trade

A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa


To cancel


(economics) a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller

Columbian Exchange

The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.

commercial revolution

the expansion of the trade and buisness that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries.

"putting-out" system

system of merchant-capitalists "putting out" raw materials to cottage workers for processing and payment that was fully developed in England


rising prices


invest money in order to make a profit


someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it

joint stock company

allowed people to pool large amounts of capital needed for an overseas voyage


main ideas- export more then import
-wealth is based on gold and silver


tax on imports

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