Great Depression & New Deal

STUDY
PLAY
stocks
Shares of ownership in a company.
Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929. The day of the stock market crash that marked the beginning of the Great Depression.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
The highest tax on imported goods in U.S. history. Passed in response to the Great Depression. Ruined trade.
shanty town
A neighborhood where people live in shacks.
Dust Bowl
The Great Plains that experienced a drought in the 1930s, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
Herbert Hoover
President of the U.S. at the beginning of the Great Depression.
Bonus Army
WWI veterans who marched on Washington demanding their $1,000 bonus pay before the 1945 due date.
FDR
President during Great Depression and WWII, most known for social and economic reforms (New Deal) and strong diplomatic rule during WWII.
lame duck
An outgoing official serving out the remainder of a term, after retiring or being defeated for reelection.
New Deal
FDR's programs for the U.S. economy.
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Gave farmers money to reduce crop size to reduce production and bring up the value of crops.
Civil Conservation Corps
New Deal program to provide work for young men.
Social Security Act
Created a tax on workers and employers. The money made provides monthly pensions for retired people.
court-packing scandal
A plan proposed by FDR to add up to 6 new justices to the Supreme Court.
fireside chats
The informal radio conversations Roosevelt had with the people to keep spirits up.