Unit One- Chapter Final
Terms in this set (40)
What Important document was signed by King John in 1215?
What is the Magna Carta?
What are two rights of the Magna Carta?
1)protected the rights of the nobles
2) no taxation w/o representation, right to trail by peers
What is the name of the medieval idea of society in which the King is closer to God than his subjects?
Great Chain of Being
Advantage of Great Chain of Being
It gave people structure and some stability
Disadvantage of Great Chain of Being
People and government remained stagnant, no opportunities for anyone especially the lower class.
How did the Crusades indirectly help end feudalism?
They brought English in contact with Chinas riches creating a stronger middle class (merchants, traders etc.)
German Monk who started the Protestant Reformation
How did he survive after criticizing the Catholic Church?
he was protected by German Princes
Protestant Reformer who more heavily influenced the Puritans
Why did members of the Puritan faith seem to heavily demonstrate both high morals and economic achievements?
They were always worried of getting kicked out of the Elect, so they constantly wanted to prove that they belonged.
How did the Protestant Reformation contribute to our Civil Rights?
emphasized importance of individualism and religious tolerance.
SOCIAL reason for Native Americans siding with French
RELIGIOUS reason for Native Americans siding with French
French religion was easier to convert
ECONOMIC reason for Native Americans siding with French
French were more about fur trading, while British were about farming (hurting the land)
The three wars before the French and Indian War
W.A.G Wars (King Williams, Queen Anne, and King George)
Two puzzling and two disturbing facts of Native American warfare
1) Countacoo (taping enemy on head), taking children
2) bash babies heads, kill women and children, and scalping
Where did the first fight of the French and Indian War occur? Why did it start there?
1)Fort Necessity (Pittsburgh, Ohio River)
2)the English and French collided on their search for farm land(English) and transportation routes (French)
Who started the French and Indian War
Two frustrations English felt toward the American Colonists during F & I War
American colonists continued to search for land and colonists would come and go from the battle.
Who was the British leader whose strategies help win the war?
What is the Proclamation of 1763?
Why was it hated?
1) a "line" along the Appalachian Mt. which colonists were not allowed to cross.
2) hated because they were no allowed to form settlements, and only the King could buy lands from Natives.
What is SALUTARY NEGLECT?
How did it benefit the colonists?
British allowing Americans to do their own thing
Allowed colonists to create own forms of government.
Why did the French and Indian War end Salutary Neglect?
The British were in debt and they wanted to tax the colonist for money.
Result of the WAG and French and Indian War?
British victory and French expelled from the new world
What is the Writs of Assistance?
broad search warrants
Who is James Otis?
Why was he against Writs of Assistance?
1) leader of Patriot movements in Boston, at first was a prosecutor fro British authorities but changed sides when he argued against Writs of Assistance
2)he was argued against the Writs of Assistance because he thought it violated the fundamental principals of law.
Vice Admiralty Courts
courts located in British colonies that were granted jurisdiction over local legal manners related to maritime activities such as disputes between merchants and seaman.
What is the main argument against British tax policies?
taxation without representation
Song of Liberty?
Why was it formed?
1)organization of dissidents that originated in North American British colonies .
2) it was formed to protect rights of Colonists and to confront abuses of British government
Who was the leader of the Sons of Liberty?
riot in Boston from colonists fighting against British troops
Boston Tea Party
political protests between colonists and parliament about taxes imposed on tea just on colonist merchants.
Olive Branch Petition
was a attempt to assert rights of colonists while remaining under loyalty of British Crowns.
1)What is the document Common Sense?
2) Who wrote it?
1) a document written to encourage Americans to revolt against Britain and declare war
2) written by Thomas Pain
Why is the Battle of Lexington and Concord known as the "shot heard around the world"?
because it ignited the American Revolution and what started the actual battle,
What was our "first constitution"?
Articles of Confederation
3 accomplishments of the Articles of Confederation
Treaty of Paris, Land Ordinance, and Northwest Ordinance
3 fails of the Articles of Confederation
sovereignty in states, no taxes, 9/13 make is hard to pass laws, to weak
Where did General Cornwallis surrender?
What happened at Valley Forge?
where Washington's continental army stayed for the winter, they were desperately low on food and supplies. 20,000 soldiers died, but those who didn't stayed.