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James K Polk

was the president during the war with mexico

Steven Kearny

was trying to march from fort Leavenworth, Kansas to santa fe, new mexico, he got the nickname "the long marcher"

General Zachary Taylor

led the troops inside rio grande when the war was starting.


declared independent from Mexico when john freemont seized the rebels proudly

Winfield scott

lead a troup 260 miles without loosing a battle

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

gave the US new mexico and California... payed $15 million for what is now cali, Nevada, new mexico, utah, and Arizona. Guaranteed Mexicans living there freedom from religion, open borders..etc.

Gold rush

brought much diversity to California.


aka agents attracted American settlers to buy Mexican land because it was cheap and they had to obey the Mexican laws.

Fifty Four Forty or Fight

referred to the latitude 54"40' which was the northern limit of the Oregon territory.


played a major role in settling the American west


offered the advantage of speed

Charles Goodyear

vulcanized rubber

Cyrus McCormick

mechanical reeper

John Deere

steel plow

Gadsden Purchase

established the current border


helped link American agriculture and European markets

Santa fe trail

was used for trade

Oregon trail

was used by pioneers to go by wagon or foot

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

was apart of the lone star republic.. was a military leader.

Treaty of Fort Laramie

provided native American nations control of the central plains

Stephen F. Austin

started texas was an empresario.

Zachary Taylor

easily won the election in 1848

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