23 terms

Nonverbal Communication Exam #1

TCU, Dr. Iba
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

textbook reasons to study NVC
-predominant means of conveying meaning person-to-person (66% of what we believe comes from NV codes)
-when NVC conflicts with verbal messages, we believe NVC
-NVC is primary means of expressing and experiencing emotion
-use NVC to enhance, clarify, qualify verbal messages
power of NVC is "indisputable"
-does not matter culture, language, etc.
-the channel that we "trust"
-omnipresent --> all channels come into play
-may form a "universal language system"
NVC can lead to understanding and misunderstanding
-Carl McCunn wilderness story --> he wasn't rescued from the wild because the pilot misinterpreted his hand gestures
-the burden is on the receiver to evaluate it
phylogenetic primacy
as a species, humans probably communicated nonverbally before verbally
ontogenetic primacy
learned to communicate/understand NVC as babies --> first form of communication
interaction primacy
-NVC precedes verbal behavior
-we take in visual information before any verbal messages
-long before you open your mouth, you have made NV attributions to information you have taken in
-NV attributions continue throughout entire interactions
-we want to be intentional observers
NVC can express what verbal communication can't or shouldn't
ex: Olympics medal ceremony with black athletes holding up fists with black gloves
NVC defined
a dynamic and ongoing process whereby senders and receivers exchange messages beyond the words themselves (sending messages is not always intentional"
proxemics
study of use of space and distance
territoriality
how we use our things to communicate ownership
kinesics
study of human movement
haptics
study of touch
paralanguage/vocalics
what happens in the voice --> pitch, inflection, tone, rate
chronemics
study of use of time to communicate things
difference between behaviors and communication
people can SEE behaviors, but not pay attention or attribute meaning to transform them into communication (ex. blinking, breathing, etc.)
for communication to occur...
-a source must intentionally send a message and/or
-a receiver must interpret a message
-BUT, routine behaviors don't count
successful communication
behaviors sent intentionally and decoded accurately
miscommunication
behaviors sent intentionally and decoded inaccurately
accidental communication
behaviors sent unintentionally, but decoded accurately
NV messages include all comm. that is...
-direct/nonarbitrary
-nonlinguistic
-typically governed by the right brain hemisphere
-appears "beside" language
-multimodal
Margaret Mead
anthropologist who believed that all behaviors were learned
Charles Darwin
believed in the genetic roots for behaviors
Paul Ekman
originally believed all behaviors were learned, then sided with Darwin that they were genetic after conducting his own research with Papa New Guinea South Fore tribe