17 terms

Africa 22.1

STUDY
PLAY
Rwanda: Hutu vs. Tutsi
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shifting farming
method in which farmers move every one to three years to find better soil, also known as slash-and-burn farming, use basic tools, often an ax an hoe to clear and cultivate land; used to support themselves in forrest areas
sedentary farming
agriculture conducted on permanent settlements that other farmers depend on, common in areas with good soil
conservation farming
a land-management technique that helps protect farmland; farmers in Zambia started to practice
infrastructure
resources such as trained workers, facilities and equipment that Guinea cannot manufacture aluminum because it lacks the cheap energy, capital and this; most of the region's countries never developed manufacturing industries to process their natural resources
e-commerce
selling and buying on the internet, Helen Mutono set up cybercafe in the Ugandan capital to s ell baskets to customers made by Ugandan women to customers around the world +
plantations
and other large-scale farms take all the best land+ Europeans shipped Africans to work on large of these with sugar, tobacco, rich and cotton cultivation
Zimbabwe
read book, more than 11 million people, 40% farmland controlled by only 4000 commercial farmers and ranchers, descendants of Europeans who controlled the land in colonial times; preposed land reform violence as small scale farmers tried take over large scale, slowed or completely halted production on commercial farms which threatens economy as currently depend heavily on commercial agriculture
logging
cut wood from rain forest and savanna woodlands to use as fuel, logging companies also harvest and export valuable hardwoods such as Rhodesian teak, ebony, African walnut and rosewood +quiz
commercial fishing
small portion region's economic activity, few countries build and support fleets of commercial fishing vessels, very narrow continental shelf; along southwestern coast do catch large herring, sardines and tuna for export, riches grounds west inland benefit too
mining
difficult and risky important to region, gold particularly dangerous see quiz+
economic imbalance
uneven distribution of mineral resources causes this economic imbalances in the regions, most known mineral deposits lie along the Atlantic coast and south of the Equator ex Guinea one third world bauxite main ore in making aluminum
OPEC
immense oil reserves in Nigeria make the region's only member of this
obstacles to industrialization
lack of skilled workers, relatively new programs educational systems and limited training programs, hydroelectric untapped and power shortages often; political conflicts interrupt economic planning and divert resources from development projects, must import food to feed growing populations
ECOWAS
various countries have formed regional trading associations such as the Economic Community of West African States to exchange ideas and to protect their interests
transportation routes/Trans-African Highway
lack of money have kept many roads and rail lines from being repaired but several countries consider top priority+ Uganda scheduled repairs on the heavily traveled Trans-african highway which runs from Mombassa Kenya to Lagos Nigeria
media and literacy rates
low literacy rate limit traditional media and government restrict the number of issues that can be published, read see quiz