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What does ATP stand for? What is the function of ATP?

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the energy currency for a cell to use for work.

Differentiate between active transport and passive transport.

Active transport needs energy whereas passive transport does not.

Differentiate between active transport and facilitated diffusion.

Active transport requires energy to move particles through the cell membrane. Facilitated diffusion doesn't require energy for molecules to move through the cell membrane.

Differentiate between co-transport and counter-transport.

Co-transport is when 2 molecules move together through the cell membrane whereas counter-transport is when 2 molecules move in opposite directions through the cell membrane.

Differentiate between diffusion and osmosis.

Diffusion is when molecules move down the concentration gradient. Osmosis is a passive transport of water molecules.

Differentiate between endocytosis and exocytosis

Endocytosis brings in molecules whereas exocytosis excretes materials out of the cell.

Differentiate between mitosis and meiosis.

Mitosis is the reproduction of somatic cells whereas meiosis is the cellular division if gametes.


Gastric dilatation-volvulus.


"Flowing through" of loose matter from bowels.


Bones that make up spinal column.

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