A Mexican farm laborer temporarily brought into the United States
A German submarine
Forcibly remove from office or position
The first position on a beach secured an invading force and used to land further troops and supplies
A secret or illegal movement organized in a country to resist or overthrow the government
A general and unanimous action of approval or nomination by a large public body, without a vote
The systematic extermination or killing of an entire people
A metal-tubed weapon from which armor-piercing rockets are electronically fired
A U.S. minority that was forced into concentration camps during World War II
War Production Board
A federal agency that coordinated U.S. industry and successfully mobilized the economy to produce vast quantities of military supplies
Women's units of the army and navy during World War II
Mexican-American workers brought into the United States to provide an agricultural labor supply
Rosie the Riveter
Symbolic personification of female laborers who took factory jobs in order to sustain U.S. production during World War II
The federal agency established to guarantee opportunities for African-American employment in World War II industries
U.S.-owned Pacific archipelago seized by Japan in the early months of World War II
Battle of Midway
Crucial naval battle of June 1942, in which U.S. Admiral Chester Nimitz blocked the Japanese attempt to conquer a strategic island near Hawaii
Unconditional Surrender
Controversial U.S.-British demand on Germany and Japan that substituted for a "second front"
Site of 1943 Roosevelt-Churchill conference in North Africa, at which the Big Two planned the invasion of Italy and further steps in the Pacific war
Iranian capital where Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met to plan D-Day in coordination with Russian strategy against Hitler in the East
The beginning of the Allied invasion of France in June 1944
Battle of the Bulge
The December 1944 German offensive that marked Hitler's last chance to stop the Allied advance
Iwo Jima and Okinawa
The last two heavily defended Japanese islands conquered by the United States in 1945
Atomic Bomb
The devastating new weapon used by the United States against Japan in August 1945
Henry J. Kaiser
Leading American industrialist and shipbuilder during World War II
John L. Lewis
Tough head of the United Mine Workers, whose work stoppages precipitated antistrike laws
A. Philip Randolph
Head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters whose threatened march on Washington opened job opportunities for blacks during World War II
Site of serious racial disturbance during World War II
Jiang Jieshi
U.S. ally who resisted Japanese advances in China during World War II
Douglas MacArthur
Commander of the U.S. army in the Pacific during World War II, who fulfilled his promised to return to the Philippines
Chester W. Nimitz
Commander of the U.S. naval forces in the Pacific and brilliant strategist of the "island-hopping" campaign
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Commander of the Allied military assault against Hitler in North Africa and France
Winston Churchill
Allied leader who met with FDR to plan strategy at Casablanca and Teheran
Joseph Stalin
The Allied leader who constantly pressured the United States and Britain to open a "second front" against Hitler
Thomas Dewey
Republican presidential nominee in 1944 who failed in his effort to deny FDR a fourth term
Henry A. Wallace
FDR's liberal vice president during most of World War II, dumped from the ticket in 1944
Harry S. Truman
Inconspicuous former senator from Missouri who was suddenly catapulted to national and world leadership on April 12, 1945
Albert Einstein
German-born physicist who helped persuade Roosevelt to develop the atomic bomb
Japanese emperor who was allowed to stay on his throne, despite unconditional surrender policy