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The Matrix of Domination and Privilege PPT.
Terms in this set (13)
The matrix of domination and privilege
Made popular by Patricia Hill Collins. It is an interlocking set of distinct but related social hierarchies.
What is a Hierarchy
Refers to a structure of something that is represented at the top has more power
What is social hierarchy
Religion, christianity would be at the top for being least stigmatized.
The matrix operates at three levels
Institutional, symbolic and individual.
The standard operating procedures or established ways of doing things (ex. laws or policies) at the societal level such as raising young people or producing and distributing goods and services.
Refers to images, stereotypes, and representations that generate interpretive frameworks. The "superior" category requires the "inferior" one. This level of analysis allows us to consider the manufacturing of ideologies. Idea of creating meaning.
Example of the connection between institutional and symbolic levels
Immigration as an economic institution. Specifically the Chinese immigration in the mid-1800s: The Page Act. People thought of the Chinese laborers as "yellow terrors". It gave the idea that Chinese men were dangerous.
We all play a part in many different groups of people. Ex) you can be both privileged and oppressed. Each of us have a place in numerous social hierarchies.
Basic assumptions of Ptricia
Social inequality must be eradicted. long with experiences of social inequality and privilege are dynamic; that is, they may change across culture, across time and across stuations. Third There is no pure victim and no pure oppressor. Fourth, we can be in a certain situation where one group of people think they they are the most superior out of all the other groups.
What is the Matrix approach
We cease to choose which source of oppression is the worst and acknowledge how the hierarchies intersect and how the different levels intersect.
Collins response to additive assumptions
Assumptions of additive analysis of social inequality:
1. Dependent on all or nothing thinking, either/or thinking.
--race, gender, class, for example, are separate phenomena and affect people separately.
2. Makes you choose which oppression is the most consequential/worst.
--you cant separate them and compare them and say one was worse because they have different affects.
The matrix approach
Ida B Wells-Barnett was a journalist who wrote about "deeply racialized constructs" risking her own life.
--institutional level:lynching/ Jim Crow
--Symbolic level: all the stereotypes that legitimized lynching
--Individual level: individual people suffered or did not suffer
What is the Combahee River Collective
A black feminist lesbian organization active in Boston from 1974-1980.
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