people who the president has chosen based on proven executive ability or were important supporters - employment usually ends when president leaves office
do not have to report to the president, created to protect the public - make and enforce rules for industries and groups (F.C.C. broadcasting rules)
prepares the federal budget and monitors/oversees the federal budget
efforts to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers
an order to delay a person's punishment until a higher court can hear the case
an agreement between the president and the leader of another country
Chief of Staff
most powerful presidential advisor
independent agencies responsible for dealing with certain specialized areas within the government (NASA)
private businesses owned and run by the government
rule or command that has the force of law
National Security Council
helps president direct military and foreign policy, handles matters affecting the security of the country
an agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them from trading with a target nation
a nation's plan for dealing with other nations
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