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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
History Chapter 12
Terms in this set (65)
Who were the monarchs of France during the French Revolution?
Louis 16th and Marie Antoinette
Who was the French writer who endorsed Enlightenment ideals?
The population of France was broke up into three estates called...
First Estate, Second Estate, and Third Estate.
You better not miss that one. 1-2-3
The upper tier of the French social ladder which included archbishops and bishops is called...
The lowest level of French society before the French Revolution; contained the middle class, artisans, townsmen, and peasants is called...
Third Estate. We would have belonged to this one.
The second-highest level of French society before the French Revolution; contained the aristocracy, is called...
What is an assembly composed of representatives of the three estates in pre-Revolutionary France; the only political body in France with the authority to reform the tax system?
Which estate wasn't allowed to have an individual vote at the Estates-General meeting?
Third Estate; the first and second didn't want them to win.
What do you call the group the Third Estate created?
The National Assembly
Members of the Third Estate in the French Revolution who convened and signed what two documents?
The Tennis Court Oath and the Declaration of the Rights of Man
What is the Tennis Court Oath?
Not to separate and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established.
What is the Declaration of the Rights of Man?
men are born and remain free and equal in rights. These rights included liberty, property, security, and resistance to impression. guaranteed citizens equal justice, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion
____ began in France. People stormed the ____.
Riots. Bastille. The Bastille was a fortress in Paris, France.
When is France's Independence Day?
A committee to manage the government that soon gained absolute authority in revolutionary France was called...
Committee of Public Safety
The period of mass executions during the French Revolution was called...
Reign of Terror
What do you call a five-man committee that formed the new government of France after the Reign of Terror?
The Directory was ____ and they ____ a lot which opened the door for Napoleon to come in and take over France.
weak and they argued
What were the effects of the French Revolution?
1. decreased power of the Roman Church. 2. Secularized marriage. 3. Created state-controlled education. 4. Did not grant equality to women.
An army general who became dictator of France was...
What were the reasons for Napoleon's take power?
1. chaos in France. 2. His military success. 3. The overthrow of the Directory
What were Napoleon's two contributions to France?
The Bank of France and Code Napoleon which became French law
Napoleon invades Russia in...
How many troops did Napoleon take into Russia and how many returned?
600,000 troops entered Russia, but less than 1,000 returned
Napoleon suffered a defeat in 1813 at...
Napoleon was defeated a final time at...
What do you call the site of the battle in which the armies of Prussia and Britain defeated Napoleon and his forces?
Waterloo in 1815
What do you call intense devotion and loyalty to one's own people and country?
What were the motivations for nationalism?
1. to escape control of an oppressive power. 2. to justify suppressing others. 3. to seek quality for citizens.
What were the four Nationalist Countries?
Russia, Greece, Hungary, and Belgium
Who controlled and annexed eastern Poland after the Congress of Vienna?
Who revolted and obtained independence from the Ottoman Empire with the help of European countries?
Who revolted against Austria but was unsuccessful at gaining independence?
Who rebelled against Dutch authorities because of religious and economic differences and gained independence in 1835?
Who were not successful in gaining their independence?
Poland and Hungary; they gained their independence after World War 1
Who gained their independence?
Belgium and Greece
Countries who gained their independence had the ____ of other European countries.
support. They weren't able to do it themselves; they needed the help of others.
Who was the king that appointed Bismarck chancellor of Prussia?
Who was the chancellor of Prussia who united the German territories into one country?
Otto von Bismarck
What do you call the economic union of German states in the 19th century that resulted in German unification?
Who was the nationalist who founded the group called Young Italy?
Who was the prime minister of Sardinia who helped unite Italy?
Camillo di Cavour
Who was the Italian nationalist who formed the "Red Shirts"?
Who was the first king of united Italy?
Victor Emmanuel II
What do you call the resurgence; contributed to the Italian movement for nationalism?
This or That: The First Estate was composed of merchants or clergy.
This or That: France or Germany endured the Reign of Terror in the 18th century.
This or That: France or Germany struggled to achieve unification.
This or That: France was predominately a Protestant or Catholic nation.
This or That: The Tennis Court Oath was taken in France or Germany.
This or That: Napoleon was forced to retreat and leave most of his army in Russia or Germany.
This or That: Count Camillo di Cavour became the prime minister of England or Sardinia.
This or That: Marie Antoinette became the queen of France or England.
This or That: Garibaldi or Mazzini was an Italian nationalist who formed the group Young Italy.
This or That: Napoleon was finally defeated at Leipzig or Waterloo in 1815.
This or That: Eastern Poland came under the domination of Russian or Austrian force after the Congress of Vienna.
This or That: Napoleon or Bismarck became the First Consul of France.
This or That: The Belgians revolted and gained their independence from the Netherlands or Austria.
This or That: The Zollverein was an economic union that played a role in the unification of Italy or Germany.
This or That: Voltaire was an Enlightenment philosopher from England or France.
Who formed the army of Red Shirts?
Who was the kind of united Italy?
Victor Emmanuel 2nd
Who was the king of Prussia during the unification period?
Who was the chancellor of Prussia
Otto von Bismarck
Who was in power when France had a political and financial collapse?
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