He became the leader of the Nazi party in Germany. He was arrested for treason, while in jail he wrote "Mein Kampf", Came to power during the depression when German economy collapsed and people became confused. Used propaganda and terror to get German people to follow his ideas. Looked to him for leadership. He gave Germany a scapegoat, the Jews, for the difficult times that they had. Became chancellor in January 1933, and passed the Enabling Act.