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IQ tests are powerful predictors of ____.
income and occupational status in adulthood
You and your 27-year-old brother decide to get in shape and start running. After the first run of 3 miles, your brother is winded and tired. He is surprised because he was a cross-country runner in high school. What would you tell him?
He is experiencing a normal decline in vital capacity.
Which of the following is the correct sequencing of stages for Donald Super's theory of occupational development?
crystallization, specification, implementation, stabilization, and consolidation
Expertise is defined as ____.
extensive knowledge and skills in a specific field
From studies of young people from their early teens to their late twenties, which of the following is a correct order of the three major markers of adulthood?
accepting responsibility for oneself, making independent decisions, and becoming financially independent
Your father has been steadily getting heavier. You would like for him to begin exercising to help reduce his weight. He thinks that he is doing really well in terms of his weight for his age. After visiting the doctor, he still thinks that he is doing well, even though he has a BMI of 34. What would you tell him? His BMI ____.
indicates that he is obese and definitely needs to lose weight
What countries have the highest obesity rates?
A person's body mass index (BMI) is his or her ____.
ratio of height to weight
When do people in cultures with arranged marriages believe love develops?
after the marriage
What percentage of African American couples gets divorced?
Your girlfriend has an amazing ability to put ideas or materials together in new, culturally meaningful ways. What skill does she possess?
What type of love involves passion and intimacy but not commitment? This is the kind of love people mean when they talk about being "in love."
What IQ scholar has asserted that people in non-Western cultures may have quite different ideas about what constitutes intelligence than people in Western cultures?
Gaining ____ allows an individual to solve problems, whereas ____ allows an individual to find problems to solve.
Jameson has just graduated from college and is starting to look for work. He's just as concerned about gaining weight as he is about being able to find a job. What makes these concerns related?
He is likely to find a job that involves sedentary work.
David Buss (1990 and 2003) conducted a massive study of over 10,000 young people in 37 countries. What ranked as the first criterion for marriage?
mutual attraction and love
Even though the proportion of young women who are employed has risen in the 20th and 21st centuries, the majority of women still work in the ____.
Brianna is a 30-year-old woman who lives in a very low SES neighborhood and raises her two children alone. Within a mile of her apartment, there are several fast food restaurants and some convenience stores. Like many of her neighbors, Brianna is obese and her children are overweight. What makes Brianna and her children typical among low-SES families?
Unhealthy foods are the most convenient and least inexpensive to purchase.
Several longitudinal studies have examined children with high IQ scores. These studies discovered that IQ is strongly and positively related to ____.
Your 42-year-old uncle has been very health-conscious for many years. He runs and exercises with weights and thinks that he can eat like he always has. What would you tell him with regard to BMR?
BMR naturally decreases beginning at age 25 and he will likely be gaining weight if he does not reduce his intake of calories.
At what age does vital capacity begin to decrease?
It takes about ____ years for an individual to develop expertise in most fields.
You are a single mother in young adulthood living in a developed country. How likely do you think that it is that you will be exercising on a regular basis?
You are generally too tired after working and taking care of your family to even think about exercising.
Which of the following are two aspects of cognitive development that occur during young adulthood?
the acquisition of expertise and creativity
Your aunt has been gaining weight fairly consistently over the past few years and she is concerned about it. She is not obese, but has gained at least 8 to 10 lbs. each year for the past five years. According to your text, this is common in developed counties due to the availability of:
too much food loaded with fats and sugars.
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