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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Reconstruction Study Guide
Terms in this set (19)
Describe President Lincoln's planned approach to Reconstruction.
Lincoln wanted to use the 10% plan. This means the South would be readmitted with no punishment if 10% of the voting public pledged allegiance
What was the reconstruction Plan of the Radical Republicans in Congress?
The Radical Republicans wanted the 50% Plan. It was almost the same as Lincoln's plan except instead of 10% they wanted 50%.
Explain how the Ten-Percent Plan and the Wade-Davis Bill reflected different approaches to the problem of bringing the Southern states back into the Union.
The Wade Davis Bill was intended to make the South suffer. Whereas Lincoln wanted to kind of sweep the whole thing under the rug.
How did the views of President Andrew Johnson on Reconstruction differ from the views of the Radical Republicans?
Andrew Johnson didn't really want the south to suffer while the Radicals believed they needed harsher punishment
Identify and explain the role of the Freedmen's Bureau.
The Freedmen's Bureau was intended to assist recently freed black men (and women) by distributing clothes and food.
List some of the restrictions placed on blacks by the "Black Codes." How did these Codes help bring about the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
The Black Codes included such laws as blacks wouldn't be able to go to school certain places, they couldn't get jobs or purchase homes. They were intended to restrict the movement of blacks as much as possible.
What was President Johnson's response to the establishment of the Freedmen's Bureau and the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
Johnson's response was to veto the bills for both the Freedman's Bureau and the Civil Rights Act of 1866. He believed Congress had gone "far beyond anything the authors of the Constitution had in mind."
List the provisions of the 14th. Amendment. What main benefits did it offer African Americans?
The Citizenship Clause granted citizenship to all people born in the US. The Due Process Clause said that states may not deny anyone "life, liberty or property, without due process of law."
Identify the provisions of the Reconstruction Act of 1867 and explain how the law fulfilled the major objectives of the Radical Republicans.
The South would be divided into 5 military regions, members of the ruling class before the war lost their voting rights, and in order for the Southern states to reenter the Union, they had to approve new state constitutions that gave the vote to all men, including African Americans and they had to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment. It fulfilled the major objectives of the RR because it was stricter than what Lincoln would have done and gave African Americans rights.
Why was the Tenure of Office Act (1867) passed? How was it connected to the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson?
The act was passed to prevent President Johnson from getting rid of members of the Senate without majority rule. President Johnson was impeached after his violation of the Tenure of Office Act.
Identify the candidates who ran for the Presidency in the 1868 election. What role did African American voters play in this election?
The 1868 election was between Ulysses S. Grant and Horatio Seymour. Many of Grant's votes came from the South; much of the south was comprised of African Americans.
What major political issue was addressed by the 15th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution?
The 15th Amendment allowed African Americans the right to vote stating that the right to vote would not be withheld from any American citizen due to race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Do you think that the Radical Republicans were justified in impeaching President Andrew Johnson? Explain your position.
Yes. President Johnson was halting the progress of America. During that fragile time frame we needed a President who was more open minded and more forward thinking. Johnson was too biased toward the South. Plus, you can't have a President who breaks laws/acts. That sets a bad example for the rest of the country.
Why did most freed blacks become sharecroppers or tenant farmers during Reconstruction?
Many of them couldn't afford to buy their own land and/or didn't have any other skills besides farming. The only options left for them was to either buy a piece of land somehow, or "rent" a piece of land.
What were the goals of the KKK? Identify the Congressional laws that were designed to protect citizens from racial violence.
The goals of the KKK were to make the US a white, American, society. One law that was designed to protect citizens was the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
"THE" Radical Republican
Hiram Rhodes Revels was a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, and a Republican politician. He was the first African American to serve in the United States Senate, and in the U.S. Congress overall
Election of 1876
Rutherford B. Hayes vs Samuel Tilden. Tilden wins popular vote but doesn't win the majority of electoral vote. Tilden gives the presidency to Hayes in a compromise.
Compromise of 1877
All military down south will be removed and Reconstruction is officially over. This is how Hayes becomes president.
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