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92 terms

Medical Terminology ch 12

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adenoids:
collections of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx
alveoli:
air sacs of the lungs
bronchi:
branches of the windpipe that lead into the lungs
bronchioles:
smallest branches of bronchi
cilia:
thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract
epiglottis:
lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the voice box
hilum:
midline region of the lungs where bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
larynx:
voice box
medistinum:
region between the lungs in the chest cavity
palatine tonsils:
collections of lymph tissue in the oropharynx
paranasal sinuses:
air-containing cavities in the bones around the nose
parietal pleura:
outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs
pharynx:
throat
trachea:
windpipe
visceral pleura:
inner fold of pleura closer to lung tissue
bronchiectasis:
chronic dilation of a bronchus
pleuritis:
inflammation of pleura
pneumothorax:
air in the chest
anosmia:
lack of sense of smell
laryngectomy:
removal of the voice box
nasopharyngitis:
inflammation of the nose and throat
phrenic:
pertaining to the diaphragm
alveolar:
pertaining to an air sac
glottis:
opening to the larynx
tracheal stenosis:
narrowing of the windpipe
rales (crackles):
fine crackling sounds heard on ausculation when there is fluid in the alveoli
ausculation:
listening to sounds within the body
sputum:
material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
percussion:
tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
rhonchi:
loud rumbling sounds heard on ausculation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
wheeze:
continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
adenoid-
adenoids
alveol-
alveolus, air sac
bronch-
bronchial tube
bronchi-
bronchus
bronchiol-
bronchiole, small bronchus
capn-
carbon dioxide
coni-
dust
cyan-
blue
epiglott-
epiglottis
laryng-
larynx, voice box
lob-
lobe of the lung
mediastin-
mediastinum
nas-
nose
orth-
straight, upright
ox-
oxygen
pector-
chest
pharyng-
pharynx, throat
phon-
voice
pleur-
pleura
pneum-
air, lung
pulmon-
lung
rhin-
nose
sinus-
sinus, cavity
spir-
breathing
tel-
complete
thorac-
chest
tonsill-
tonsils
trache-
trachea, windpipe
-ema
condition
-osmia
smell
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
spitting
-sphyxia
pulse
-thorax
pleural cavity, chest
croup:
acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, barking cough and stridor
epistaxis:
nosebleed
asthma:
chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production
emphysema:
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
pneumonia:
acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
tuberculosis:
infectious disease, lungs are usually involved, but any organ in the body may be affected
pleural effusion:
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
bronchoscopy:
fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes
thoractomy:
large surgical incision of the chest
tracheostomy:
surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck
ABG:
arterial blood gases
ARDS:
acute respiratory distress syndrome- can eventually cause death
CO2:
carbon dioxide
COPD:
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP:
continuous positive airway pressure
CPR:
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
C&S:
culture and sensitivity testing- scientists grow bacteria and test the antibiotics
CXR:
chest x-ray
DPT:
diphteria, pertussis, tetanus- immunization
LLL:
left lower lobe
LUL:
left upper lobe
O2:
oxygen
PE:
pulmonary embolism-blood clot in lung
RDS:
respiratory distress syndrome
SOB:
shortness of breath
TB:
tuberculosis
URI:
upper respiratory infection