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Week of April 6
Terms in this set (19)
medieval chemical philosophy based on changing metal into gold; a seemingly magical power or process of transmutation
The outlook that the earth was the center of the universe and every thing rotated around it.
belief that the sun is the center of the universe
The tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large number of specific observations.
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)
cogito ergo sum
I think therefore I am
an honorary English society (formalized in 1660 and given a Royal Charter by Charles II in 1662) through which the British government has supported science
journal published which documented experiments and used to communicate with other scientists by the English Royal Society;the prototype for medical journals
What were some major features of medieval "science"? Who were the reigning authorities?
What factors contributed to the Scientific Revolution? How did Humanism influence the Scientific Revolution?
What scientific breakthroughs are associated with Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton? Why were their discoveries significant/revolutionary? How did some of them blend "magical" thinking with their scientific discoveries?
How did the scientific revolution alter the European mindset regarding humanity's capacity to understand and manipulate nature?
Who were Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes? What method of scientific reasoning is associated with each, and what are each of them known for?
What role did women play in the Scientific Revolution? Identify the women who made a name for themselves as scientists (as described in the textbook).
What were some of the criticisms of the new scientific mindset voiced by thinkers such as Pascal and Cavendish?
Describe the various ways that Europe became a scientific society more generally during the scientific revolution.
What makes Leibniz a "philosophical optimist"? What character from Candide represents his views?
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