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First nine weeks AP world civilizations the global experience
Terms in this set (61)
New Stone Age.
dominant economies until 9000 BCE?
hunting and gathering
Old Stone Age
a less apelike species, whose larger brain and erect stance allowed better tool use, emerged between 500,000 and 750,000 years ago.
Homo sapiens sapiens
all humans in the world today are descendants, originated about 240,000 years ago, also in Africa
when did speech first develop?
Homo erectus 100,000 years ago.
New Stone Age, the final Stone age.
a family of kings
the diverse peoples of China and the focus of their trade and the model for their often successful efforts to fashion their own variants of empire, prosperity, and sophisticated lifestyles.
Mandate of Heaven
Belief of Chinese emperors that they ruled because the gods wanted them to rule.
Era of Warring States(402-201 BCE)
the period of time when regional rulers formed independent armies, ultimately reducing emperors to figureheads.
Great Wall of China
a wall that's over 3000 miles long that stretched from China Sea Port to present-day Hong Kong. It was built during the Qin Dynasty
Shi Huangdi(221-210 BCE)
Qin emperor that was a brutal ruler but was a brilliant military leader.
A large, complex organization composed of officials with specific duties in the government.
a philosopher who wrote an elaborate statement on political ethics, providing the core of China's distinctive philosophical heritage.
Emperor Wu Ti
the most famous Han ruler(140-87 B.C.E.) enforced peace throughout much of the continent of Asia and urged support for Confucianism.
The Qin stressed central authority
The Han expanded the powers of the bureaucracy.
what was the stressed family system in China?
a rigid patriarchy
examinations established for bureaucrats that covered classics of Chinese literature as well as law, suggesting a model of the scholar-bureaucrat.
How many bureaucrats were there by the end of the Han dynasty?
what percent of the population were bureaucrats by the end of the Han dynasty?
Son of Heaven
the emperor of China
China's economy consists of what two features?
extensive internal trade and important technological innovations
what were the two dynasties in classical India?
Mauryan and Gupta Empire
What were the two religions of classical India?
Hinduism and Buddhism
when the great poems increasingly emphasized the importance of gentle and generous behavior and the validity to concentration on the Supreme Spirit
Germanic people seen as the master race
the language of educated people; made by the Guptas
large bodies of tes
assigned people to occupations and regulated marriages.
An ideal state of happiness and peace.
"enlightened one" lived as a Hindu mystic, fasting and torturing his body.
a young soldier that seized power along the Ganges River and became the fist of the Mauryan dynasty of Indian rulers
Buddhism law of moral consequence; a kind of ethical guide
new invaders that pushed into central India from the northwest
a new line of kings
Chandragupta's chief minister that wrote an important treatise on politics but it was devotes to telling rulers what methods would work to maintain power.
The most famous of the Vedas
the mystics that gatheres
Hinduism principle that said souls don't die when bodies do but pass into other beings, either being human or animal.
a manual that discusses relationships between men and women; written in the 4th century C.E.
monuments honoring Buddha
What were the two types of trade developed in India?
extensive internal trade and maritime trade
what was combined in family life
patriarchy and an emphasis on affection
India influence had affected china through what two things by the end of the classical period?
Buddhism and art
Who played a key role in trade with mainland and island southeast Asia, and other influences followed?
Cyrus the Great
He established a massive Persian Empire across the northern Middle East and into northwestern India.
the artistic styled religion developed by the Persians.
a social group
Confucianism principles with harmony
Confucius sayings compiled by the disciples
the state's strength was agriculture and military force, called for harsh penalties for minor infractions
Qin Shi Huangdi
king of Qin proclaimed himself First Emperor, 221 B.C.E., established centralized imperial rule, started the Great Wall
Slaves in China
mostly war prisoners that performed hard work.
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