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EE Book 1 Percussion Terms, pp. 4 - 11
Terms in this set (54)
The pulse of the music.
Gets 1 beat of sound.
Gets 1 beat of silence.
Clef used for instruments such as snare drum, bass drum, cymbals, and drum set.
(G Clef) indicates the position of note names on a music staff: Second line is G.
(F Clef) indicates the position of note names on a music staff: Fourth line is F.
Indicates how many beats per measure and what kind of note gets one beat.
Raises the note and remains in effect for the entire measure.
Lowers the note and remains in effect for the entire measure.
Cancels a flat or sharp and remains in effect for the entire measure.
Indicates the end of a piece of music.
Without stopping, play once again from the beginning.
This instrument is one of the most important instruments in band. Hold it's mallet with your right hand (matched grip). Place your left hand on the head opposite the striking surface. Stike the instrument half-way between the center and the top rim, pulling the sound out. B.D. is the abbreviation for this instrument.
Gets 2 beats of sound.
Gets 2 beats of silence.
A hand to hand sticking pattern usually beginning with the right hand. R L R L
Gets 4 beats of sound.
Gets 4 beats of silence.
This sticking is the first step to learning the roll. Simply let the stick bounce freely on the drum head.
A composition with two different parts, played together.
Tells us which notes to play with sharps or flats throughout the music.
Hold the note (or rest) longer than normal.
These are the basic techniques of playing snare drum. You should practice and memorize these to improve your skill.
The small note is a grace note. It has no rhythmic value and sounds just ahead of the regular sized, or primary note. The primary note sounds on the beat.
Right Hand Flam
Hold the left stick about 2 inches above the drum head. Hold the right stick in the "up" position. Move both sticks at the same speed. The left stick will hit the drum just before the right stick. Let the left stick rebound to the "up position, and the right stick rebound to the 2 inch position.
Left Hand Flam
Hold the right stick about 2 inches above the drum head. Hold the left stick in the "up" position. Move both sticks at the same speed. The right stick will hit the drum just before the left stick. Let the right stick rebound to the "up position, and the left stick rebound to the 2 inch position.
Two or more notes played together. Each combination forms a chord.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Austrian composer (lived 1756-1791) was a child prodigy who started playing professionally at age six, and lived during the time of the American Revolution. Mozart's music is melodic and imaginative. He wrote more than 600 compositions during his short life, including a piano piece based on the famous song, "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star."
This instrument should be suspended on a clip and held at eye level. Use a metal beater and hit the instrument opposite the open end. To stop the sound, touch the instrument with your fingers. Tri. is the abbreviation for this instrument.
Gets 1/2 beat of sound.
Gets 1/2 beat of silence.
Doubling or Double Sticking
A pattern in which two consecutive notes are played with the same hand (R R L L, R R L L).
One or more notes that come before the first full measure.
A snare drum rudiment with stickings R L R R, L R L L
How loud or soft music is.
Play loudly (lift sticks higher)
Play moderately loud (normal stick height)
Play softly (bring sticks close to head)
Multiple Bounce Eighth Notes
Connect eighth notes so the bounces sound even and consistent.
One single cymbal suspended on a stand. Always use yarn mallets, not timpani mallets. Sus. Cym.. is the abbreviation for this instrument.
Cup your palm to form a resonating chamber under this instrument.
Italian composer (lived 1792-1868) began composing as a teenager and was very proficient on the piano, viola and horn. He wrote "William Tell" at age 37 as the last of his forty operas, and its familiar theme is still heard today on radio and television.
Hold the left cymbal in front of you at a slight angle. Allow the right cymbal to be positioned slightly above and slightly in front of the left cymbal.
Learn the basic stroke for a quarter note. Using a glancing stroke (and gravity), allow the right cymbal to drop into the left cymbal and follow through. This same motion is used for half notes, but slower in speed. For whole notes, the same motion is slower than for half notes.
To stop the sound of the cymbals, bring both edges of the plates against your body.
Choke = muffle (or stop) the sound immediately.
Cr. Cym. is the abbreviation for this instrument.
2/4 Time Signature
Gets 2 beats per measure with the quarter note getting the beat.
After you play a flam, play a tap, always with the low hand. This will keep your hands correctly positioned for the rest of the exercise. Remember, a tap is played with the stick closest to the drum head.
In ensemble music, this marks a passage where one instrument takes a leading part.
The speed of the music.
Slower walking tempo
Hold this instrument steady in your left hand at a slight upward angle. Your right hand strikes the head of the instrument according to the written dynamics:
Soft light sounds use one or two fingertips near the edge of the head.
Medium loud sounds use tips of all fingers one-third of the way from the edge to the center.
Loud sounds knuckles on head, half-way between edge and the center. Use a motion similar to knocking on a door.
Decrescendo or Diminuendo
Suspended Cymbal Roll
With yarn mallets on a suspended cymbal, use a rapid series of alternate strokes on the opposite edges of the cymbal (3 o'clock and 9 o'clock). Increase the speed of the roll to build an effective crescendo.
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