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BIOL 111 Test 2- Short Answer
Terms in this set (32)
Name and describe adaptations of prokaryotes. Name an example of an organism in
which each adaptation occurs.
-Stored nutrients and sugars
-Not all Prokaryotes
-Needs no food or water
-Resistant to hot and cold
-Resistant to most poisons
-Dormant for a long time
Compare pili, microvilli, and cilia.
Using a labeled drawing and description, show how an endospore forms and how the
bacterium reverts to its original form. Describe the benefits of an endospore for a
Using a labeled drawing and description, show how gene transfer works. Explain how
gene transfer has been used by people.
Using a labeled drawing and description, show the life cycle of a virus.
Describe how prions work. Explain the impacts on the animals affected by prions.
Describe the concerns about prions after affected animals have been removed from a site.
What are the names of prion diseases and what animals do each impact?
What is a colony? How does it work? Describe what it means to say that colonies blur the
distinction between unicellular and multicellular organisms. Name and draw an example
of a colony.
encystment . Name an organism that uses this adaptation. Describe how the
organism uses this adaptation and any benefits of the adaptation.
Name and describe five levels of organization in animals. Draw an example of each.
Name and describe four types of tissue in plants. Draw an example of each.
Name four types of tissue in animals. Describe the functions and tell examples of
locations for each.
Using a labeled drawing of a plant, show the three organ systems of plants. Describe
functions and organs in each system.
Draw a human or other mammal. Draw and label each of the organ systems described in
class (I will pick an organ system or multiple systems and ask you to draw and label
them). Describe the functions of the system.
Using a labeled drawing and description, explain the First and Second Laws of
Draw and label a food chain. Describe the passage of energy and nutrients through the
Write the overall chemical formula for photosynthesis and respiration. Label the direction
that the reaction goes for each.
Using a labeled drawing and description, show how an antenna complex works. Describe
four things that can happen to the energy from this complex.
Draw and label an electron transfer chain for photosynthesis. Explain how energy moves through the chain and how it is used. (You do not need to know the names of individual electron acceptors, apart from NADPH).
Draw ATP synthase. Show and describe how it works.
Using a drawing and description, show how chemiosmosis works.
Describe how ATP works.
Describe functions of ATP.
Draw the Calvin Cycle. Show inputs and outputs and the major enzyme and three of the
sugars in the cycle. Describe the three steps in the Calvin Cycle.
Describe the photosynthesis/transpiration compromise. Explain how C3 plants dissipate
heat when they cannot use carbon dioxide in the Calvin Cycle. Name two types of plants that have mechanisms for dealing with hot, dry conditions. Describe what they do to deal with those conditions, in terms of photosynthesis.
What is a predator? Name and describe four types of predators.
What is a saprotroph? Name and describe two types of saprotrophs.
-Consume dead organisms
-Absorb nutrients and energy
-Consume dead organisms
Using a labeled drawing and description, describe the steps of respiration, showing
important reactants and products of each step.
Using a labeled drawing and description, explain transcription.
Using a labeled drawing and description, explain the three stages of translation.
Using a labeled drawing and description, explain DNA replication.
Draw and label a section of DNA, showing components and bonds.
Using labeled drawings, describe all of the steps of the cell cycle.
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