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Antibiotics Review (for Dispensing Exam 2)

STUDY
PLAY
pcn g trade
pfizerpen
pcn v trade
veetids
pcn vk trade
pen-vee k
dicloxacillin trade
dynapen; dycil
ampicillin trade
omnipen; principen
amoxicillin trade
amoxil; trimox; moxatag
amoxicillin/ clav trade
augmentin
cephalexin trade
keflex
cefadroxil trade
duricef
cefaclor trade
ceclor; raniclor
cefprozil trade
cefzil
cefuroxime trade
ceftin
cefixime trade
suprax
cefdinir trade
omnicef
cefpodoxime trade
vantin
ceftibuten trade
cedax
azithromycin trade
zithromax
clarithromycin trade
biaxin
erythromycin trade
ery-tab
ciproflox trade
cipro
levoflox trade
levaquin
moxiflox trade
avelox
doxycycline trade
vibramycin
minocycline trade
minocin
tetracycline trade
tetracycline
tmp/smx trade
bactrim; septra
clindamycin trade
cleocin
linezolid trade
zyvox
nitrofurantoin trade
macrodantin; macrobid
metronidazole trade
Flagyl
pcn g form
iv; im
pcn v form
po
pcn vk form
po; susp
dicloxacillin form
po
ampicillin form
iv; im; po
amoxicillin form
po
amoxicillin/ clav form
po; susp
cephalexin form
po; susp
cefadroxil form
po; susp
cefaclor form
cap; tab; susp
cefprozil form
tab; susp
cefuroxime form
tab; susp
cefixime form
tab; susp
cefdinir form
cap; susp
cefpodoxime form
tab; susp
ceftibuten form
cap; susp
azithromycin form
tab; susp
clarithromycin form
tab; susp
erythromycin form
tab; cap; susp
ciproflox form
tab; susp
levoflox form
tab; soln
moxiflox form
tab
doxycycline form
cap; tab; susp
minocycline form
cap; tab; tab ER
tetracycline form
cap
tmp/smx form
tab; susp; iv
clindamycin form
cap; soln; iv
linezolid form
tab; susp
nitrofurantoin form
cap; susp
metronidazole form
cap; tab
pcn g dose
2-4 million U q24h
pcn v dose
250-500mg po bid-qid
pcn vk dose
250-500 po qid
dicloxacillin dose
1-2gm iv q6h or 250-500mg po qid
ampicillin dose
250-500mg po tid; 775mg (ER) po qd
amoxicillin dose
250/125 - 500/125 mg po tid; 500/125 - 875/125 po bid
amoxicillin/ clav dose
250-500 po qid 125/5 ; 250/5
cephalexin dose
500-1000 po bid
cefadroxil dose
250-500 tid
cefaclor dose
250-500 bid
cefprozil dose
125-500 bid
cefuroxime dose
400mg po qd
cefixime dose
300mg po bid
cefdinir dose
200-400 po bid
cefpodoxime dose
400mg po qd
ceftibuten dose
250-500 po qd; 500mg iv q24h
azithromycin dose
250-500 po bid
clarithromycin dose
250-500 po qid; 500mg iv q6h
erythromycin dose
250-500 po bid
ciproflox dose
250-750 po qd (IV=PO)
levoflox dose
400mg po qd (IV=PO)
moxiflox dose
100mg po bid (IV=PO)
doxycycline dose
100mg po bid (IV=PO)
minocycline dose
250-500mg po QID
tetracycline dose
800-1600/160-320 daily in 2 divided doses. 5mg/kg iv q6h
tmp/smx dose
150-450mg po qid; 600-900mg iv q8h
clindamycin dose
600mg po bid (IV=PO)
linezolid dose
200mg in 2-4 divided doses
nitrofurantoin dose
500mg po tid to qid (IV=PO)
pcn g uses / spectrum
treponema; strep; neisseria; clostridium; mouth anaerobes
pcn v uses / spectrum
treponema; strep; neisseria; clostridium; mouth anaerobes
pcn vk uses / spectrum
syphilis; strep; dental infections
dicloxacillin uses / spectrum
mssa; strep
ampicillin uses / spectrum
otitis media; sinusitis; pharyngitis - strep; entero; listeria; enteric gram neg rods; haemoph; moraxella w/o b-lactamase
amoxicillin uses / spectrum
strep; entero; listeria; enteric gram neg rods; haemoph; moraxella w/o b-lactamase
amoxicillin/ clav uses / spectrum
mixed infections; aspiration pneumo; bite wounds; otitis media; sinusitis - strep; entero; mssa; anaerobes; h; flu; m. catarrhalis; enteric gram neg rods
cephalexin uses / spectrum
mssa; strep; some gram neg (h. flu; m. catarrhalis; e. coli
cefadroxil uses / spectrum
mssa; strep; some gram neg (h. flu; m. catarrhalis; e. coli
cefaclor uses / spectrum
otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; pneumo (NOT cefaclor) - e. coli; klebsiella; proteus; h. flu; some strep
cefprozil uses / spectrum
otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; pneumo (NOT cefaclor) - e. coli; klebsiella; proteus; h. flu; some strep
cefuroxime uses / spectrum
otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; pneumo (NOT cefaclor) - e. coli; klebsiella; proteus; h. flu; some strep
cefixime uses / spectrum
otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; comm-acquired pneumo; uti; gonorrhea - enteric gram neg rods; h. flu; strep. Pneumo; neisseria
cefdinir uses / spectrum
otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; comm-acquired pneumo; uti; gonorrhea - enteric gram neg rods; h. flu; strep. Pneumo; neisseria
cefpodoxime uses / spectrum
otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; comm-acquired pneumo; uti; gonorrhea - enteric gram neg rods; h. flu; strep. Pneumo; neisseria
ceftibuten uses / spectrum
otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; comm-acquired pneumo; uti; gonorrhea - enteric gram neg rods; h. flu; strep. Pneumo; neisseria
azithromycin uses / spectrum
comm. Acquired pneumo; bronchitis; pertussis; chlamydia (axith); mycobacterium avium; h. pylori - h. flu; moraxella; atypicals (mucoplasma; chlamydia; legionella); strep. Pneumo; bordatella
clarithromycin uses / spectrum
comm. Acquired pneumo; bronchitis; pertussis; chlamydia (axith); mycobacterium avium; h. pylori - h. flu; moraxella; atypicals (mucoplasma; chlamydia; legionella); strep. Pneumo; bordatella
erythromycin uses / spectrum
comm. Acquired pneumo; bronchitis; pertussis; chlamydia (axith); mycobacterium avium; h. pylori - h. flu; moraxella; atypicals (mucoplasma; chlamydia; legionella); strep. Pneumo; bordatella
ciproflox uses / spectrum
entero; h. flu; moraxela; atypicals; pseudomonas - UTI; pseudomonas; osteomyelitis
levoflox uses / spectrum
entero; h. flu; moraxela; atypicals; strep pneumo; pseudomonas - comm acquired pneumo; sinusitis; bronchitis; UTI; skin & soft tissue infections; pseudomonas; osteomyelitis
moxiflox uses / spectrum
entero; h. flu; moraxela; atypicals; strep pneumo; pseudomonas - comm acquired pneumo; sinusitis; bronchitis; skin & soft tissue infections; osteomyelitis
doxycycline uses / spectrum
comm-acquired pneumo; bronchitis; sinusitis; skin and soft tissue infxn; tick borne diseases; Acne - atypicals mcoplasma; chlamydia; legionella; t. palladium; b. burgdorfi (lyme); h. pylori; strep. Pneumo; CA-MRSA; p. acnes
minocycline uses / spectrum
comm-acquired pneumo; bronchitis; sinusitis; skin and soft tissue infxn; tick borne diseases; Acne - atypicals mcoplasma; chlamydia; legionella; t. palladium; b. burgdorfi (lyme); h. pylori; strep. Pneumo; CA-MRSA; p. acnes
tetracycline uses / spectrum
comm-acquired pneumo; bronchitis; sinusitis; skin and soft tissue infxn; tick borne diseases; Acne - atypicals mcoplasma; chlamydia; legionella; t. palladium; b. burgdorfi (lyme); h. pylori; strep. Pneumo; CA-MRSA; p. acnes
tmp/smx uses / spectrum
UTIs; skin & soft tissue; PCP prophylaxis and Tx - MSSA; CA-MRSA; e. coli; salmonella; shigella; stenotroph; pneumocystis jirovecii
clindamycin uses / spectrum
skin and soft tissue and dental infections - MSSA; CA-MRSA; strep; anaerobes
linezolid uses / spectrum
skin and soft tissue infxns; nosocomial pneumonia - MSSA; MRSA; strep; enterococci
nitrofurantoin uses / spectrum
lower UTI - e. coli; citobacter; enterobacter; klebsiella; enterocicci (incl VRE!)
metronidazole uses / spectrum
bacterial vaginosis; trichimoniasis; c. diff; h. pylori - anaerobes; protozoa; heliobacter
pcn g adverse events
rash; seizure; nvd
pcn v adverse events
rash; seizure; nvd
pcn vk adverse events
rash; seizure; nvd
dicloxacillin adverse events
rash; seizure; nvd
ampicillin adverse events
rash; seizure; nvd
amoxicillin adverse events
rash; seizure; nvd
amoxicillin/ clav adverse events
rash; seizure; nvd
cephalexin adverse events
...
cefadroxil adverse events
...
cefaclor adverse events
...
cefprozil adverse events
...
cefuroxime adverse events
...
cefixime adverse events
...
cefdinir adverse events
...
cefpodoxime adverse events
...
ceftibuten adverse events
...
azithromycin adverse events
NVD; QTc; CYP450 (not azith)
clarithromycin adverse events
NVD; QTc; CYP450 (not azith)
erythromycin adverse events
NVD; QTc; CYP450 (not azith)
ciproflox adverse events
nausea; photosens; ha; dizzy; insomnia; rare seizures; QTc; glucose ; arthralgia; achilles tendon rupture
levoflox adverse events
nausea; photosens; ha; dizzy; insomnia; rare seizures; QTc; glucose ; arthralgia; achilles tendon rupture
moxiflox adverse events
nausea; photosens; ha; dizzy; insomnia; rare seizures; QTc; glucose ; arthralgia; achilles tendon rupture
doxycycline adverse events
NVD; photosens; tooth discolor in kids
minocycline adverse events
NVD; photosens; tooth discolor in kids
tetracycline adverse events
NVD; photosens; tooth discolor in kids
tmp/smx adverse events
hypersens; photosens; bone marrow supress; crystaluria; hyperK
clindamycin adverse events
c. diff superinfection
linezolid adverse events
NVD; bone marrow supress is > 2 weeks; peripheral neuropathy; optic neuritis (rare; > 4 weeks)
nitrofurantoin adverse events
NV; pneumonitis; pulm fibrosis; periph neuropathy
metronidazole adverse events
NVD; metallic taste; peripheral neuropathy; urine discolor
pcn g counseling pearls
empty stomach; NVD
pcn v counseling pearls
empty stomach; NVD
pcn vk counseling pearls
empty stomach; 14 day fridge on suspensions
dicloxacillin counseling pearls
empty stomach; NVD
ampicillin counseling pearls
may take with food; 14 day fridge on suspension
amoxicillin counseling pearls
may take with food; 14 day fridge on suspension
amoxicillin/ clav counseling pearls
take w/ food; diarrhea common; 10 days fridge for suspension
cephalexin counseling pearls
...
cefadroxil counseling pearls
...
cefaclor counseling pearls
...
cefprozil counseling pearls
...
cefuroxime counseling pearls
...
cefixime counseling pearls
store susp @ room temp for 10 days
cefdinir counseling pearls
store susp @ room temp for 10 days
cefpodoxime counseling pearls
store susp @ room temp for 10 days
ceftibuten counseling pearls
store susp @ room temp for 10 days
azithromycin counseling pearls
take w/ food; watch DDIs
clarithromycin counseling pearls
...
erythromycin counseling pearls
...
ciproflox counseling pearls
donÕt chelate it with OTC stuff; warfarin; theo; antiarrythmic DDIs; watch photosens and tendon pain
levoflox counseling pearls
donÕt chelate it with OTC stuff; warfarin; theo; antiarrythmic DDIs; watch photosens and tendon pain
moxiflox counseling pearls
donÕt chelate it with OTC stuff; warfarin; theo; antiarrythmic DDIs; watch photosens and tendon pain
doxycycline counseling pearls
watch chelators; take w/ full glass of water and stay upright for 30 mins; watch photosens.
minocycline counseling pearls
watch chelators; take w/ full glass of water and stay upright for 30 mins; watch photosens.
tetracycline counseling pearls
watch chelators; take w/ full glass of water and stay upright for 30 mins; watch photosens.
tmp/smx counseling pearls
maintain hydration; adjust warfarin.
clindamycin counseling pearls
cramping an diarrhea common. Keep soln @ room temp for 2 weeks. Oral soln tasts BAD.
linezolid counseling pearls
store susp @ room temp for 21 days. DDI with sudafed and serotonergic agents
nitrofurantoin counseling pearls
take with food; may discolor urine; refer if numb; tingling; burning in extremeties; refer if SOB; cough; or fever
metronidazole counseling pearls
avoid alcholol - disulfram effect. Warfarin DDI.