the passing of traits from parents to offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes.
the study of how traits are inherited through the actions of alleles
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles that can result from a genetic cross
what an organism looks like as a consequence of its genotype (two organisms with the same phenotype can have different genotypes)
a condition in which both alleles for a gene are fully expressed
type of cell division where one body cell produces four gametes each containing half the number of chromosomes as a parents body cell
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait
is hidden whenever the dominant allele is present
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
having two different alleles for a trait
having two identical alleles for a trait
a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur
simple forms of protein normally used to build tissues or, under some conditions, burned for energy
different forms of a gene
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from DNA in the nucleus to direct protein synthesis in the cytoplasm
change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DNA or RNA that provides genetic code information for a particular amino acid
a substance that is a necessary part of the cells of animals and plants
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