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Poetry Terms...

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tactile imagery
appeals to sense of touch
organic imagery
appeals to hunger, thirst, fatigue
kinesthetic imagery
appeals to touch, temperature, movement, and feelings
metaphor
a figure of speech where a comparison is made without using like or as
figure of speech
any way of saying something other than the ordinary way; a way of saying one thing and meaning another
figurative language
language employing figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally
simile
a figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things using like or as
personification
a figure of speech in which human attributes are given to an animal, an object, of a concept
metonomy
a figure of speech in which some significant aspect of detail of an experience is used to represent the whole experience
named metaphor
when the actual comparison is named in the work
implied metaphor
the literal term is named and the figurative term is implied
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply
symbol
a figure of speech in which something means more than what it is
allegory
a narrative or description having a second meaning beneath the surface
paradox
a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements
overstatement
hyperbole
understatement
a figure of speech that consists of saying less than one means, or saying what one means with less force than the occasion warrants
irony
a situation, or use of language, involving some kind of incongruity or discrpancy
verbal irony
a figure of speech in which what is meant is the opposite of what is said
satire
a kind of literature that ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of bringing about reform or of keeping others from falling into similar folly or vice
sarcasm
bitter or cutting speech; speech intended by its speaker to give pain to the person addressed
dramatic irony
a device by which the author implies a different meaning from that intended by the speaker in a literary work
irony of situation
a situation in which there is an incongruity between actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate or between what is anticipated and what actually comes to pass
dramatic monologue
when a single speaker in literature speaks to a silent audience
allusion
a reference, explicit or implicit, to something in previous literature or history
total meaning
the total experience communicated by a poem; it includes all those dimensions of experience by which a poem communicates and it can be communicated in not other words than those of the poem itself
prose meaning
the part of a poem's total meaning that can be separated out and expressed through paraphrase
tone
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward his subject, his audience, or himself; the emotional coloring, or emotional meaning , of a work
alliteration
the repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
assonance
the repetition at close intervals of the vowel sounds of accented syllables or important words