5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Cyclothymic Disorder
- Negative symptoms of schizophrenia
- Substance-Induced Disorders
- Residual Phase
- Active Phase
- a Reversible, substance-specific mental disorders caused by substance intoxication and those cause by substance withdrawal.
- b Rapid shifts btwn hypomanic Episodes and depressive episodes that do not meet criteria for Major Depressive Episode. Symptoms must persist for a minimum of 2 years.
- c Flat or blunted affect, avolition (loss of willpower), alogia (speech disturbance), decrease in amount of speech or povery of content of sppech and anhedonia (loss of ability to experience pleasure).
- d Distinguished by full blown symptoms of Schizophrenia.
- e Follows the active phase, in which the psychotic symptoms have improved but impairment continues.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Anxiety in situations where it would be difficult or embarrassing for the person to escape or in which he might not me able to secure help. Individual avoids these situations.
- Involves inpairment in memory solely. No treatments, generally individuals slowly reovery over time.
- Mood stabilizers (Lithium, Tegretol, Depakote) are first line treatment in the past and still used. Today Atypical Antipsychotics (Geodon, Risperdal, Zyprexa, Abilify, Seroquel are more frequently prescribed. Antidepressants can be added for depressive episodes. Strong education, planning for relapse, illness acceptance, regular sleep and activity patterns, and direct involvement with family are key to treatment as well.
- Continued use of a substance in spite of the onset of significantly distressful cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms. Tolerance, withdrawal, and compulsive drug use often result.
- Not meds to prevent re-experiencing, SSRIs and other antidepressants provide relief of symptoms. CBT may speed recovery and prevent PTSD. EMDR also effective.
5 True/False questions
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder → Individual repeatedly re-experiences, over a minimum of 1 month, a traumatic event with increased arousal and avoids internal and external stimuli that are reminiscent of the trauma.
Acute Stress Disorder → Consists of PTSD like symptoms that immediately follow exposure to a traumatic event and last btwn 2 days and 4 weeks.
Manic Episode → Mood that is abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable that persists for a minimum of 1 week. Along with at least 3 of the the following: grandiosity or self-esteem that is inflated, less need for sleep, pressured speech, racing thoughts, easily distracted, psychomotor agitation or increased goal behavior, involvement in activities that are likely to have negative consequences.
Substance Abuse → Continued use of a substance in spite of the onset of significantly distressful cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms. Tolerance, withdrawal, and compulsive drug use often result.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder → Minimum of one Major Depressive Episode. Antidepressants are commonly prescribed. CBT is the most popular and the most effective treatment. Interpersonal therapy is another approach.