5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Acute Stress Disorder
- Active Phase
- Prodromal phase
- Dysthymic Disorder
- Substance-Induced Disorders
- a Minimum of 2 year depressed mood in combination with other depressive symptoms. Antidepressants helpful and SSRI's most common. Best treatment approach is combination of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication.
- b Reversible, substance-specific mental disorders caused by substance intoxication and those cause by substance withdrawal.
- c Consists of PTSD like symptoms that immediately follow exposure to a traumatic event and last btwn 2 days and 4 weeks.
- d Decline in role functioning and precedes the active phase.
- e Distinguished by full blown symptoms of Schizophrenia.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Hallucinations (ex seeing/hearing someone who is not there), delusions (false belief), disorganized speech, inappropriate affect, and disorganized behavior.
- Has a major depressive, manic or mixed episode in combination with symptoms of Schizophrenia. Must have had delusions or hallucinations during a 2 week period when mood symptoms were not present. Mood symptoms need to be prominent part of the illness. Antipsychotic meds are the treatment of choice and individual therapy is most common.
- Excessive anxiety and worry about a number of things that persists for a min of 6 months. Most commonly prescribed anti anxiety meds are benzodiazepines (Ativan, Xanax, Valium, Librium, and Klonipin). Antidepressants and Busiprone are alternatives. Individual therapy recommended.
- Mood stabilizers (Lithium, Tegretol, Depakote) are first line treatment in the past and still used. Today Atypical Antipsychotics (Geodon, Risperdal, Zyprexa, Abilify, Seroquel are more frequently prescribed. Antidepressants can be added for depressive episodes. Strong education, planning for relapse, illness acceptance, regular sleep and activity patterns, and direct involvement with family are key to treatment as well.
- Involves inpairment in memory solely. No treatments, generally individuals slowly reovery over time.
5 True/False questions
Bipolar II Disorder → Minimum of 1 Manic or Mixed Episode and will usually have Major Depressive Episodes.
Delirium → Disturbance that consists of impairment in a number of cognitive abilites, including memory, and often becomes progressively worse. Cannot be cured but medications may improve mental function, mood and behavior. Meds include Aricept, Reminyl, Exelon and Namenda. Goal of treatment is to keep the individual safe.
Social Phobia → Anxiety in situations where it would be difficult or embarrassing for the person to escape or in which he might not me able to secure help. Individual avoids these situations.
Polysubstance Dependence → Individual repeatedly uses at least three substance groups over a 12 month period and no one class clearly predominates.
Treatment for Schizophrenia → Combination of antipsychotic, antidepressant, and anti-anxiety medication depending on the types of symptoms. Wrap around services including social skills training, education, living assistance, case management, and medical compliance. Psychotherapy or group therapy can be beneficial. Family therapy can decrease relapse rates.