5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Major Depressive Disorder
- Active Phase
- Schizoaffective Disorder
- Acute Stress Disorder
- a Has a major depressive, manic or mixed episode in combination with symptoms of Schizophrenia. Must have had delusions or hallucinations during a 2 week period when mood symptoms were not present. Mood symptoms need to be prominent part of the illness. Antipsychotic meds are the treatment of choice and individual therapy is most common.
- b Minimum of one Major Depressive Episode. Antidepressants are commonly prescribed. CBT is the most popular and the most effective treatment. Interpersonal therapy is another approach.
- c Consists of PTSD like symptoms that immediately follow exposure to a traumatic event and last btwn 2 days and 4 weeks.
- d disturbance in the level of consciousness with concomitant changes in cognition. Onset is over a brief time period and often clears when the condition relents. Treatment includes treating the underlying cause.
- e Distinguished by full blown symptoms of Schizophrenia.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Schizophrenic symptoms that have been evident for at least 1 day but no more than one month
- Decline in role functioning and precedes the active phase.
- Indivdual psychotherapy is the preferred type of treatment - education and teaching relaxation and coping strategies. Benzodiazepines and SSRI antidepressants are the medications of choice.
- Anxiety in situations where it would be difficult or embarrassing for the person to escape or in which he might not me able to secure help. Individual avoids these situations.
- Individual repeatedly re-experiences, over a minimum of 1 month, a traumatic event with increased arousal and avoids internal and external stimuli that are reminiscent of the trauma.
5 True/False questions
Substance-Induced Disorders → Reversible, substance-specific mental disorders caused by substance intoxication and those cause by substance withdrawal.
Schizophrenia → psychotic disorder characterized by a combination of specific positive and negative symptoms. Must show signs for at least 6 moths. Includes three phases - prodromal phase, active phase, and residual phase. Also several subtypes.
Delusional Disorder → Minimum of 2 year depressed mood in combination with other depressive symptoms. Antidepressants helpful and SSRI's most common. Best treatment approach is combination of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication.
Substance Abuse → Development of a pattern of substance use that is maladaptive. Treatment needs to be assessed and modified for the individual and to meet the changing needs.
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia → Flat or blunted affect, avolition (loss of willpower), alogia (speech disturbance), decrease in amount of speech or povery of content of sppech and anhedonia (loss of ability to experience pleasure).