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Comparatives and Superlatives
Comparatives and superlatives
To make comparisons of equality using adjectives or adverbs, use the following structure...
tan + (adjective/adverb) + como
so or as
Como (not cómo) =
as tall as
tan alto como
as good as
tan bueno como
July is as hot as August
Julio es tan caluroso como agosto.
To form comparisons of equality with nouns, use the following formula...
tanto/a/os/as + noun + como
so much or as much (many)
as much money as
tanto dinero como
as much patience as
tanta paciencia como
as many book as
tantos libros como
as many pens as
tantas plumas como
In Seattle there are not as many sunny days as in Miami.
En Seattle no hay tantos dias soleados como en Miami.
When actions (not things) are being compared, and there is no adjective, use the following formula...
verb + tanto + como
In Boston it rains as much as in New York.
En Boston llueve tonto como en Nueva York.
cooks as much as
cocina tanto como
learn as much as
eprenden tanto como
To make comparisons of inequality, use the following structure...
más/menos + (adjective/adverb/noun) + que
que (not qué)
Spring is less cold than winter.
La primavera es menos frío que el invierno.
The Spanish superlative is formed using the following structure...
el/la/los/las + noun + más/menos + adjective + de...
Fall is the most boring season.
El otoño es la estacion más aburrida.
de... is only used when
the speaker wants to mention the group to which the noun belongs
July and August are the least pleasant months of the year.
Julio y agosto son las meses menos agradables del año.
Adjective - bueno (good) = Comparative -
Adjective - bueno (good) = Superlative -
el/la/los/las mejor(es) (the best)
Adjective - malo (bad) = Comparative -
Adjective - malo (bad) = Superlative -
el/la/los/las peor(es) (the worst)
Adjective - grande/viejo (big/old) = Comparative -
Adjective - grande/viejo (big/old) = Superlative
el/la/los/las mayor(es) (the biggest/oldest)
Adjective - pequeño/joven (small/young) = Comparative
Adjective - pequeño/joven (small/young) = Superlative
el/la/los/las menor(es) (the smallest/youngest)