49 terms

chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

white balance
A function on cameras that forces the camera to see an object as white, without regard to the type of light hitting it or the actual color of the object
pre-focus
A three-step process to focus a zoom lens. 1) zoom in on the furthest object on the set that must be in focus in the shot. 2) focus the camera on that object. 3) zoom the lens back out.
macro
A lens setting that allows the operator to focus on an object that is very close to the camera, almost touching the lens
minimum object distance
the closest the object can be to the camera and still be in focus
depth of field
The distance between the closest point to the camera that is in focus and the furthest point from the camera that is also in focus
great depth of field
When a camera's depth of field is as large as possible
shallow depth of field
a depth of field technique that moves the audience's attention to the one portion of the picture that is in focus
selective depth of field
a technique of choosing to have a shallow depth of field in a shot or scene
rack focus
The process of changing focus on a camera while that camera is hot. Also called pull focus
rule of thirds
A composition rule that divides the screen into thirds horizontally and vertically, like a tic-tac toe grid placed over the picture on a television set. Almost all of the important information included in every shot is located at one of the four intersections of the horizontal and vertical lines
head room
the space from the top of a person's head to the top of the television screen
nose room
the space from the tip of a person's nose to the side edge of the frame
shot
An individual picture taken by a camera during the process of shooting program footage
shot sheet
a numerical listing of each shot to be captured by each camera in a multi-camera shoot
extreme long shot
The biggest shot a camera can capture of the subject matter. Also called a wide angle shot
establishing shot
A specific type of extreme long shot used to tell the audience where and when the program takes place.
long shot
A shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to the bottom of the feet and does not include many of the surrounding details
medium long shot
A shot that includes the top of a subject's head to a line just above or just below the knee. Also called a knee shot
medium shot
A shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to a line just above or belwo the belt or waistline. Also called a mid shot.
medium close-up
A shot that frames a subject from the top of the head to a line just below the chest. Also called a bust shot.
close-up
a shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to just below the shoulders
extreme close-up
a shot of an object that is so magnified that only a specific part of the object fills the screen
two shot
A shot that includes two characters; often a close or medium shot.
three shot
a shot that frames three items
four shot
a shot that captures four items
group shot
a shot that incorporates any number of items above four.
reaction shot
A shot that shows the reaction of a character to a scene he or she has been witnessing
profile shot
a shot in which the talents face is displayed in profile.
over-the-shoulder shot
A shot in which camera shoots from behind one actor into the face and body of another
dolly
Physically moving the camera, its tripod, and dolly perpendicularly toward or away from the set
dolly in
smoothly pushing the camera directly forward toward the set
dolly out
pulling the camera backward while facing the set
truck
Moving the camera, its tripod, and dolly to the left or right in motion that is parallel
truck right
To move the camera, its tripod, and dolly sideways and to the right while continuing to face the set.
truck left
To move the camera, its tripod, and dolly sideways and to the left while continuing to face the set.
pan
Moving only the camera to scan the set horizontally, while the dolly and tripod remain stationary
pan left
Moving the camera to the left to scan the set, while dolly and tripod remain stationary.
pan right
Moving the camera to the right to scan the set, while the dolly and tripod remain stationary.
tilt
Pointing only the front of the camera vertically up or down while the dolly and tripod remain stationary
tilt up
pointing the camera lens up toward the ground while the dolly and tripod remain stationary
tilt down
Pointing the camera lens down toward the ground, while the dolly and tripod remain stationary.
pedestal
Raising or lowering the camera of a tripod, while facing the set. The tripod and dolly remain stationary
pedestal up
Raising the camera on the pedestal of a tripod, while facing the set. The tripod and dolly remain stationary
pedestal down
Lowering the camera on the pedestal of a tripod, while facing the set. The tripod and dolly remain stationary
arc
Moving the camera in a curved truck around the main object in the shot- the main subject never leaves the frame of the picture
arc right
Rolling the camera in a circle to the camera operators right
arc left
Rolling the camera in a circle to the camera operators right
low angle shot
a shot created by placing the camera anywhere from slightly to greatly below the eye level of the talent and pointing it upward
high angle shot
shooting talent with the camera high in the air, pointing down at an angle.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
STUDY GUIDE