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Week 11 - Energy and Metabolism
Terms in this set (23)
The energy in a cereal bar is __________ energy. The energy of a cyclist pedaling is _____________ energy.
chemical to kinetic
What happens to the chemical energy produced by photosynthesis?
It is used to build more cells.
It is used to fuel cellular processes.
It is used as an immediate source of energy.
It is stored.
(All of the above)
__________ have chloroplasts and produce __________ as a waste product, whereas __________ ingest their food and have _________ as a waste product.
Autotrophs; oxygen; heterotrophs; carbon dioxide
Which statement accurately summarizes the process of photosynthesis?
Chloroplasts capture sunlight, water is split, oxygen is released, and carbon dioxide is used to convert chemical energy into glucose.
Energy cannot be
created or destroyed
What bonds in an ATP molecule store the chemical energy used by cells?
the bonds between phosphates
In the presence of oxygen we use _____ to fuel ATP production. What process do plants use to fuel ATP production from their stored sugars?
aerobic respiration, aerobic respiration
The purpose of aerobic respiration is to _____, which is used to _____.
create energy-rich ATP molecules; power cellular functions of the cell
______ is considered short-term energy storage and ______ is long-term energy storage in humans.
The energy currency of the cell is called
Could heterotrophs survive without autotrophs?
Which statement describes the ways that photosynthetic algae and animals obtain energy?
Animals obtain energy from sugar made by light-absorbing energy producers
Kinetic energy is best described as
energy of movement
Glucose is a product of photosynthesis. Where do the carbon atoms in glucose come from?
molecules in the air
Which sequence correctly describes the input (I) and output (O) of photosynthesis
I - carbon dioxide, photons, water; O - oxygen, glucose
A rock sitting on top of a hill has _____ energy. While rolling down the hill the rock would have _____ energy.
The energy in our food is contained within the
chemical bonds of biological molecules
Most of the ATP produced by aerobic respiration is generated
What molecule provides long-term energy storage in the body?
What molecule provides short-term energy storage in the body?
What stage of aerobic respiration produces the most ATP?
electron transport chain
Which process is correctly matched with its cellular location?
The outputs for aerobic respiration are
carbon dioxide, water, and energy
Recommended textbook explanations
Campbell Biology (AP Edition)
Cain, Jackson, Minorsky, Reece, Urry, Wasserman
Fundamentals of Biochemistry
Charlotte W. Pratt, Donald Voet, Judith G. Voet
Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry
David L Nelson, Michael M. Cox
Miller and Levine Biology
Joseph S. Levine, Kenneth R. Miller
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