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56 terms

music test

STUDY
PLAY
Niccolo Paganini
the violinist who was so good that it was said he had sold his soul to the devil
Art song
a musical setting of a poem for solo voice and piano
Ballad
a narrative poem set to music
Song cycle
a series of art songs meant to be performed as a unit
Robert Schumann-
the composer who attempted suicide
polonaises and mazurkas.
Chopin expressed Polish nationalism in his music primarily through his
Etude
a study piece for piano
Character piece-
a fairly short piano piece portraying a single mood, emotion, or idea
Mazurka-
a piano piece based on a Polish dance
Franz Liszt
was the composer who invented the symphonic poem
Hector Berlioz
one of the greatest composers of program music; he wrote Symphonie fantastique
Absolute music
music that "is composed for the appreciation of musical sound" it does not tell a story
Richard Strauss
was the composer whose theme music was used in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey
Idee fixe
in Symphonie fantastique, Berlioz uses this musical theme that appears in all five movements
Nationalistic music-
music intended to promote the character and interests of a nation
Bedrich Smetana
wrote "The Moldau" from Má Vlast
Incidental music
music written to go with a play
Concert overture
A piece of program music that is a fairly short, single-movement work for concert-
hall performance
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--Tchaikovsky- wrote Romeo and Juliet
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--Much of Tchaikovsky's depression and many of his problems stemmed from being homosexual in a society that did not recognize it.
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--Tchaikovsky's most performed work is probably The Nutcracker.
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--Tchaikovsky's relationship with Nadezhda von Meck took place entirely via letters.
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--Tchaikovsky married Antonia Milyukova because she threatened to commit suicide if he didn't.
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--Mendelssohn revived the St. Matthew Passion; initiating widespread performances of Bach's music
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--Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E minor differs from classical concertos in that it has the soloist
introduce the first theme before the orchestra plays it.
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Brahms's requiem is designed to console the living.
Franz Schubert
- wrote the "Unfinished" Symphony"
Antonin Dvorak
- wrote the symphony nicknamed "From the New World"
Rossini's William Tell
- was the opera the "Lone Ranger" theme was originally taken from
Bel canto
- A style of singing that emphasizes beauty, purity of tone, and agile vocal technique
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Verdi's last two operas have librettos based on Shakespearean plays.
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The musical Miss Saigon has the same plot as Puccini's opera Madama Butterfly
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The opera that brought Puccini world fame was La Bohème.
Verismo opera
-La Bohème realism opera-an Italian operatic point of view favoring realistic subjects taken from everyday, often lower-class life
Grand opera
- French opera with spectacular production elements
Opera comique
- Light French opera with spoken dialogue
Lyric opera
- French opera with plots from romantic drama or fantasy that relied on beautiful melodies
Music drama
- The term Wagner used for his operas
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To help singers project over the opera orchestra, the orchestra in Wagner's Bayreuth theater was placed
under the stage.
Gesamtkunstwerk
-means universal artwork.
Lietmotifs
- Melodies used to identify particular characters, objects, and ideas in Wagner's operas
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The movies that embrace the same dramatic elements of good against evil and the search for power as Wagner's Ring Cycle are The Lord of the Rings and Star Wars
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Debussy's primary goal as a composer was to give pleasure and appeal to the senses.
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Claude Debussy's Prélude à "L'après-midi d'une faune"is impressionism.
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Debussy creates a languid, sensual mood in Prélude à "L'après-midi d'une faune" in part, by using
irregular nebulous (hazy, vague, confused) meter.
Spanish dance rhythms
- had a strong influence on Ravel's musical compositions
The Rite of Spring
depicts pre-Christian pagan rites in Russia.
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The Rite of Spring culminates in the sacrifice of a virgin by dancing to death.
primitivism.
Igor Stravinsky's Le sacre du printemps is
Neoclassical-
Twentieth-century art and music based on symmetrically balanced forms
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Igor Stravinsky's Rake's Progress is an example of neoclassicism.
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The earliest phonograph recorded sound on a wax cylinder.
Bela Bartok
- The first composer to make field recordings of folk music for use in his compositions
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Many composers used folk music of isolated villages to express nationalism because they believed the people of those villages were untarnished since they had never been anywhere else.
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CD 1
Track #36 1. Schubert: "Erlkonig" ("King of Elves")
Track #37 2. Chopin: Nocturne, op. 9, no. 2
Track #38 3. Berlioz: "Dream of a Witches Sabbath" from Symphonie fantastique, V
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CD 2
Track #1-8 4. Smetana: "The Moldau"
Track #9 5. Brahms: A German Requiem "How Lovely is Thy Dwelling Place"
Track #10 6. Verdi: "O Earth Goodbye" from Aida
Track #11-15 7. Debussy: Prelude to "Afternoon of a faun"
Track #16-17 8. Stravinksy: Rite of Spring "Dance of the Young Girls"
Track #18 9. Schoenberg: "Der Mondfleck" (Moonfleck) no. 18 from Moonstruck Pierre