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Unit 1: The Global Tapestry 1200-1450

Terms in this set (34)

- The flourishing Tang Dynasty promoted agricultural development, improved roads and canals, encouraged foreign trade and spread technology, leading to the rapid growth and prosperity in the Song Dynasty.
- Grand Canal : Inexpensive and efficient waterway transportation that was expanded under the Song Dynasty
- Although gunpowder was invented many years before in China, Song Dynasty made the first guns. This technology spread from China to all over Eurasia via the Silk Road.
- Champa Rice greatly expanded agricultural production as it was fast-ripening and drought-resistant. Rice could now grow in more areas
- Agricultural innovations allowed for China's Population to grow extremely fast, going from about 25% of the world population to 40%
- Industrial production soared, although China didn't have the greatest manufacturing capabilities. Used steel to reinforce bridges, gates, and ship anchors. It was also used for religious items and strengthening agricultural equipment, which contributed to the abundance of food production.
- Under Song and earlier than Western Europe, China experienced proto-Industrialization, a set of economic changed in which people in rural areas made more goods than they could sell. Relied more on home based or community based production.
- Artisans (skilled craftworkers) manufactured things like silk and porcelain. Porcelain was highly desired as it was lightweight, yet strong.
- Used compass in maritime navigation and their ability to print paper navigation charts made seafaring possible in open waters (not just coastal
- Became the world's most commercialized society. Economy changed from local consumption to market production.
- Paying people to work instead of requiring people to work changed the amount of money in circulation which promoted economic growth
- Tributary system by other states to the emperor cemented China's economic and political power over foreign countries
- Abbasid Caliphate was lead by Arabs and Persians
- By the 16th century, 3 large Islamic states had their roots in Turkic Cultures: The Ottoman Empire in Turkey, The Safavid Empire in Persia, and the Mughal Empire in India
- Islamic scholars studied mathematics texts from India and transferred this knowledge to the Europeans. They adopted paper-making techniques and through them, Europeans learned to make paper. Translated Greek literary classics to Arabic, preserving works of Aristotle and others.
- "Golden Age"
- Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201-1274), an Islamic scholar who contributed to astronomy, law, logic, ethics, math, philosophy and medicine. An observatory was built under his direction and it eas the most advanced in the world. Laid groundwork for trigonometry
- Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) was well known for his historical accounts and is the founder o historiography and sociology
- Sufi missionaries played an important role in the spread of Islam. They interweaved local religious elements into Islam, often winning them converts.
- Islamic society viewed merchants as more prestigious than did other societies in Europe and Asia at the time. Muhammad was a merchant.
- Because of the Silk Road and a revival in trade (due to Pax Mongolica period), merchants could grow rich
- Islam allowed slavery but a Muslim could not enslave another Muslim. Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians were also exempt. Slaves were often from Africa, Keivan Rus (Russia area), and Central Asia. Many slaves converted to Islam and then were freed by owners. Slave women were often concubines to Islamic men. Slave women had more independence (could go to the store, run errands etc.), all luxuries that legal wives didn't have