Bolin Ch. 34-40

archduke of Austria-Hungary, Ferdinand
the spark for world war I was provided when Gavrilo Princip assassinated?
the Great War
the first total war in world history was?
15 million
approximately how many combatants died in World War I?
the term for the idea that people with the same ethnic origins, language, and political ideals had the right to form sovereign states was?
ottoman empire
the nationalistic aspirations of subject minorities was most threatening to a state such as?
Pan-Slavism was actively promoted by?
in 1914, England's share of the world's industrial output stood at?
oceans (naval race), east/southwest Africa
which of the following was not an important area of competition and conflict between England and Germany in the years leading up to World War I?
the desire to ensure its "Place in the sun" was a common complaint of?
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Italy
the members of the Triple Alliance were?
Italys policy of aggrandizement at the expense of the Ottoman empire/Italy's rivalry with Austria-Hungary in the Balkans
the Triple Alliance as threatened from the very beginning by?
the Franco-Prussian War
the French were deeply suspicious of German expansion because of?
amounted to a veritable celebration of offensive maneuvers- "attack" undertaken always and everywhere
Plan XVII was?
Schlieffen plan
the military plan that called for an invasion of France through Belgium was called the?
Black Hand
Gavriol Princip was a member of a secret Serbian society known as the?
Nicholas II
the last tsar of Russia was?
declaration of war on Serbia
the decision of Nicholas II to mobilize Russia's armed forces following the Austro-Hungarian?
young men
the soldiers who marched off in 1914 to fight in World War I were mostly?
"the make the world safe for democracy" was the motto of the?
the river marne (western front)
the German offensive of 1914 was halted at?
the western front in World War I was?
barbed wire, new weapons-poisonous gas (mustard gas), machine gun, tanks, airplanes, submarine, no-mans-land
which of the following was not a characteristic of the new total war of World War I?
Wilfred Owen
the World War I poet who considered Horace's line that, "It is sweet and proper to die for one's country," to be an "old Lie" was?
the took the mens work during the war- gained voting rights in some countries after war, discouraged patriarchal family system in Russia/China
what effect did World War I have on the status of women?
gov'ts censored bad news and vilified the enemy through propaganda campaigns
the experience of Joseph Caillaux during World War I demonstrated that?
IS NOT: The German invasion of neutral Belgium was such a profound breech of international law
which of the following is not an explanation of the expansion of World War I to Asia, Africa, and the Pacific?
from Japan to China on 18 January 1915
the Twenty-One Demands were issued?
determination to dominate east Asia
the Japanese fought in World War I due to their?
Togoland, the Cameroons, German Southwest Africa, German East Africa
which of the following was a German African colony conquered by the Allies in World War I?
was a disaster-Allied soldiers were pinned on the beaches by the Turkish.

led to a weakening of imperial ties and paved the way for emerging national identities
the battle of Gallipoli?
British intelligence services as a military advisor among the Arabs in revolt against Turkish rule
to lead the bedouins of Arabia against Ottoman rule, T.E. Lawrence worked with?
was an unplanned and incomplete affair-Russia ceased to be a monarchy
the February Revolution of 1917?
soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies surfaced all over Russia- failed to satisfy popular demands for an end to war/for land reform
the main reason for the failure of the provisional government in Russia in 1917 was?
Lenin viewed the industrial working class as incapable of developing the proper revolutionary consciousness that would lead to effective political action
the main difference between the philosophies of Marx and Lenin was?
"Peace, Land, and Bread"
the most famous motto of the Russian Revolution was?
ended Russia's involvement in the Great War- gave Germans possession of 1/3 Russia's territory and 1/4 population
the Treaty of Brest Litovsk?
Germany's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare in February 1917
the key factor in the United State's decision to enter World War I was?
left more than 20 million dead and was helped spread by wartime traffic on land/sea
the Influenza Pandemic of 1918?
the Allies didnt permit representatives of the Central Powers to participate
one of the major problems of the Paris peace negotiations that led to the Treaty of Versailles was?
in return for the creation of the League of Nations
Woodrow Wilson agreed to many harsh stipulations to the Treaty of Versailles?
Republic of Turkey
in the wake of World War I, Mustapha Kemal became president of?
the mandate system?
unsuccessful because they didnt make it past the French troops at the fortress of Verdun; French counted 315k dead& German counted 280K
the massive German assault on the western front in 1916 was?
a battle fought to relieve the pressure on Verdun by the British and by November they had gained a few thousand yards at the cost of 420,000 casualties
-a English assault in 1916 that gained a few thousand yards. (from bolins test)
the Somme was?
ultimately a spectacular German success
in World War I, the eastern front was?
Gertrude Stein
the term "lost generation" was coined by?
Oswald Spengler
the writer whose "Decline of the West" proposed that European society had entered the final stage of its existence was?
attacked liberal Christian theology that embraced the idea of progress
in Karl Barth's "Epistle to the ROmans", he?
Erich Maria Remarque's
The author of All Quiet on the Western Front was?
Niokolai Berdiaev
Who wrote, "Man's historical experience has been one of steady failure, and there are no grounds for supposing it will be ever anything else"?
came under attack, especially science and technology.
in the years after World War I, the idea of progress?
the masses were destined to destroy the highest achievements of Western Society
in Jose Ortega y Gaset's "Revolt of the Masses", he points out that?
the most influential economist of the 20th century- fundamental cause of depression was not excessive supply, but inadequate demand
John Maynard Keynes?
Einstein's theory of special relativity
the notion that space and time are relative to the person measuring them was first articulated in?
it is impossible to specify simultaneously the position and velocity of a subatomic particle
in a purely scientific sense, the uncertainty principle proposes that?
it carried broader philosophical ramifications-called into question established notions of truth/violated law of cause and effect
Discoveries in physics added to the anxiety of the 1920s and 1930s because?
Sigmund Freud
the father of psychoanalysis was?
sexual drives and fantasies
According to Freud, the root of neurotic behavior was?
heightened the aversion to visual realism- painters began to think of canvas not as a reproduction of reality, but as an end in itself
the spread of photography?
was: expressionists, cubists, abstractionists, dadaists, surrealists
which of the following groups was not one of the new artistic movements of the 20th century?
Paul Gauguin
the painter who was influenced by the "primitive" art of Tahiti was?
European artists to take similar liberties with realism
the deliberate violation of perspective by Japanese artists influenced?
Picasso-African art forms, Gauguin-Tahiti, Ludwig Mies von der Rohe-modern architecture
which of the following was not an accurate match between artist/ artistic influence?
all artists were acknowledged to have a right to their own reality, and accepted standards of "good/bad" art disappeared
one of the biggest results of the artistic experimentation of the 1920s and 1930s was that?
featured simplicity of shape/extensive use of glass and always embodied that form must follow function
the work of Walter Gropius?
an institution that brought together architects, designers, and painters from several countries
the term Bauhaus is associated with?
overproduction and falling prices
a troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by?
at its lowest level in 400 years
by 1929, the price of a bushel of wheat was?
a wave of panic selling on the New York Stock Exchange caused stock prices to plummet
on Black Thursday, 24 October 1929?
at the lowest point of the Great Depression, what percentage of US banks were out of business?
experienced some economic difficulties- especially the ones who relied on imports from the US
During the Great Depression, most nations?
urged governments to play an active role and stimulate the economy by increasing the money supply
in response to the Great Depression, economist John Maynard Keynes?
was: legislation to prevent the collapse of banking system, provide jobs, give workers their rights to organize/bargain, guarantee minimum wages, provide social security at an old age
which of the following was not one of the chief actions of Roosevelt's New Deal?
Bolsheviks and Whites (Red and whites)
the Russian Civil War that broke out after the revolution was between?
a policy of hasty and unplanned nationalization that the new Russian rulers embarked on- annulled private property, assumed control of banks, etc.
War Communism?
temporarily restored the market economy and some private enterprise to Russia
Lenin's New Economic Policy of 1921?
This individual believed in a philosophy of promoting communism primarily in the Soviet Union rather than trying to export the revolution to other nations?
replaced the NEP with a plan for rapid economic development- aims were to transform the USSR from a predominantly agricultural country to a leading industrial power
the First Five-Year Plan?
Benito Mussolini
the term fascism was first used by?
deprived German Jews of their citizenship and prohibited marriage between Jews and other Germans
the 1935, Nuremberg Laws?
the official goal of the Nazi regime toward Jews in the period before World War II was?
the "night of broken glass"-the Nazi's arranged for the destruction of Jewish stores, synagogues, etc
the Kristallnacht was?
India and China
in the decades following World War I, nationalism was most powerful in Asia in the regions of?
Indian National Congress
the most influential organization dedicated to the end of British rule in India was?
passive resistance developed by ghandi (truth and firmness)
Satyagraha was?
which of the following was not one of the foundations of Gandhi's philosophy?
gave India the institutions of a self-governing state. allowed for the establishment of autonomous legislative bodies in the provinces of British India
the India Act of 1937?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah called for the creation of?
Muslims constituted the majority of indebted tenant farmers, who found themselves increasingly unable to pay rents/debts. Landlords=mainly Hindus
the Great Depression aggravated the tense situation between Muslims and Hindus in India in part because..?
a fiery Indian nationalist who galvanized public support for India's independence movement
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was?
all classes of Chinese protested against foreign, especially Japanese, interference
the May Fourth Movement?
Mao Zedong
the former teacher and librarian that became the leader of the Chinese communist movement was?
DID: elimination of special privileges for foreigners, national reunification, economic development, democratic republic government based on universal suffrage
DID NOT:. the establishment of a communist, totalitarian government.
Sun Yatsen's plan for China included all of the following except?
Jiang Jieshi
Mao Zedong's main rival after 1925 was?
was: nationalists controlled only part of china-warlords took remainder, early 1930s communist revolution was still major threat, Guomindang faced increasing japanese aggression
the nationalist government of China was challenged by all of the following except?
troops and personnel of the Red Army and CCP walked 10,000 kilometers to a remote area of Shaanxi province and established headquarters at Yan'an
the Long March?
a form of Marxist-Leninism grounded in the conviction that peasants rather than urban proletarians were the foundation of a successful revolution
Maoism was?
a giant economic slump- economic contraction set the stage for social unrest and radical politics
the Great Depression led Japan to?
(Japanese blew up some rail and accused the Chinese of doing it)- became the pretext for war between Japanese and Chinese troops
the Mukden incident?
puppet state that Japan created-but really they had absorbed Manchuria into its empire
Manchukuo was the?
many belligerents were colonial powers who ruled over africa
Africans were participants in World War I because?
Spanish-controlled territories
All of the following African colonies were compelled by European colonial powers to participate in World War I except?
1. wanted to make sure that the colonized paid for the institutions (bureaucracies, judiciary, police, etc) that kept them in subjugation 2. developed export-oriented economies characterized by the exchange of unprocessed raw materials for manufactured goods from abroad
the two economic goals pursued by European colonial powers in Africa following World War I were?
the unification of all people of African descent into a single African state
Pan-Africanism is an idea that advocated?
Marcus Garvey
one of the greatest proponents of Pan-Africanism was?
was a young Marxist intellectual who felt concern for the poor and Indias who were 50% of Peru's populations. Established the Socialist Party of Peru
Jose Carlos Mariategui?
Dollar Diplomacy- "dollars for bullets", Good Neighbor Policy
which of the following are US policies towards Latin America?
Lazaro Cardenas
This Mexican president nationalized his country's oil industry, thus posing a challenge to the United States policy of non-intervention in Latin American affairs?
Japan's attacks on China in the 1930s
World War II began with?
the height of Japanese atrocity in China was reached at the rape of ?
kept alive by moving inland to Chongquin; Chinese communists carried on guerrilla operations against the Japanese invaders
the Guomindang during World War II was?
Japan, Germany, Italy
the Tripartite Pact brought together?
spanish war
the German and Italian fascists used which war as an excuse to intervene and gain valuable military experience?
the weakness of the League of Nations was revealed in its inability to take any substantial action in response to the Italian invasion of?
signing of the 1918 armistice
Adolf Hitler always spoke of the "November crime", which was the?
in 1938, Germany sent troops into what country and forced its leaders to accept the "Anschluss"?
the Munich Conference
the high point of appeasement was?
Neville Chamberlain-Britains prime minister
in the wake of the Munich Conference, what leader proposed that the meeting had ensured "peace in our time"?
German control of western Poland and Lithuania while the Soviet Union gained a free hand in the territories of eastern Poland, etc
while the Nazi-Soviet Pact was on the surface a nonaggression treaty, it had secret stipulations that spelled out?
German invasion of Poland unannounced on 1 September 1939
the European part of World War II began with the?
"lightning war"
the German blitzkrieg referred to?
after the fall of France in 1940, the only country left to fight Germany was?
solely through air attacks- "The Blitz"
in the Battle of Britain the Germans hoped to defeat the English?
the code name for the June invasion of the Soviet Union- took Red Army by surprise. By Dec. 1941- Germans had captured Russian heartland
Operation Barbarossa was?
Soviet Union
Hitler's comment "You only have to kick in the door, and the whole rotten structure will come down" was a reference to which of the following powers?
the United States
by December 1941, the Soviets gained two new allies in their struggle to defeat the German invasion of their country: "General Winter" and?
to destroy American naval capacity in the Pacific and clear the way for the conquest of southeast Asia and the creation of a defensive Japanese perimeter that could defend the homeland
the Japanese goal in the bombing of Pearl Harbor was?
"Asia for Asians" was the slogan of the?
the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere was designed by?
the entry of the Soviet Union and the United States into the war
the key to the Allied victories in Europe and Asia was?
when the Soviets won the battle for Stalingrad; pushed the German invaders out of Russian territory
the first large-scaled defeat for Germans forces in World War II was?
on 6 June 1944 (d-day) overwhelmed the Germans & changed the war towards Allies winning
the Normandy invasion?
the battle at Midway
the US victory in the Pacific that turned the tide against the Japanese was?
a code-breaking operation known as Magic, which enabled a cryptographer monitoring Japanese radio frequencies to discover the plan to attack Midway
the US secret weapon in the Pacific campaign was?
kamikaze-pilots who volunteered to be suicide pilots
in the Battle of Okinawa the Japanese introduced?
the Japanese flew 1900 kamikaze missions and killed more than 5000 US soldiers
During the Battle of Okinawa..?
when the US used the atomic bomb against Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Soviet Union declared war on Japan
the Japanese finally surrendered in August 1945?
was a puppet government in France
the Vichy government?
the Nazis eliminated the entire village of Lidice as punishment
after the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich?
15 leading Nazi bureaucrats gathered to discuss the final solution-agreed to evacuate all Jews from europe to camps in Poland
at the Wannsee Conference?
Raphael Lemkin- a refugee Polish-JEwish lawyer living in the US
the main who coined the term "genocide" was?
a national, ethnic, racial or religious group
the term "genocide" was coined to refer to the systematic killings of which of the following?
the largest of the Nazi death camps was?
around how many people perished during World War II?
that the US/Britain was letting the Soviets get beat by the Germans on purpose and not grabbing the "nose" of the alligator fast enough
one of the biggest arguments among the Allies in World War II was?
Truman Doctrine
the US interventionist plan for containing communism was known as the?
the Marshall Plan was?
proposed to rebuild European economies through cooperation and capitalism to forestall communist influence in devastated nations
the Soviet Union counterpart to the Marshall plan that offered an alternative by offering increased trade. "Council for Mutual Economic Assistance"
maintain peace in postwar Europe through collective defense
NATO was designed to?
the final version of the UN charter was hammered out
at a meeting of 50 nations at San Francisco in 1945..?
Warsaw Pact
Soviet alternative to NATO?
Yalto Conference
Allied meeting in which Stalin's plan for Soviet-occupied nations prevailed?
werner heisenberg
the uncertainty principle is associated with?
instituting a communist system of government
all of the following constitute steps taken by Benito Mussolini to consolidate power except?
the leader of the fascist movement in Germany was?
Wannsee Conference
german meeting where the Final Solution was planned?
Raphael Lemkin
man that coined the term "genocide"?
Marshall Plan
US financial plan to rebuild Europe and halt the spread of Communism?
Munich Conference
high point in appeasement?
Truman Doctrine
American interventionist policy to contain communism?
new german military strategy based on surprise and switness
Ideologically, the two competing sides in the cold war were?
(east germany) emerged out of the soviet zone of occupation
the German Democratic Republic?
coalesced to form the Federal Republic of Germany ( west germany)
In the wake of the Berlin Blockade and Airlift, the US, British, and french zones of occupation in western germany?
was established as a response to the rearming of west Germany
the Warsaw Treaty Organization?
Kim Il Sung
the president of North Korea was?
the partitioning of korea along the 38 parallel into Soviet and US zone- Korean Peninsula would remain in a state of suspended strife because of the failure to conclude a peace treaty
the Korean War resulted in?
accepted the "domino theory"-rationalized worldwide US intervention on the assumption that if one country became communist, neighboring ones would collapse, etc, none would remain standing
US president Dwight Eisenhower ?
failed to overthrow Castro and his supporters/Diminished US prestige, especially in Latin America/Strengthened castro's position in cuba
the bay of Pigs invasion?
cuban missile crisis
this cold war event was teh closest that the USSR and the US came to war with one another?
Simone de Beauvoir
author of the "Second Sex" was?
the unhappiness of women who presumably enjoyed the best life the US could offer
Betty Friedan, in her book The Feminine Mystique, wrote about ?
Marcus Garvey
the black nationalist who believed that US blacks should seek repatriation in Africa was?
Brown v. the Board of Education
in 1954, segregation in US schools was declared illegal in?
"France couldn't regain great power status if it depended on US military protection"- pursued independence policies
the French president Charles de Gaulle?
In 1963, what country rejected a partial nuclear test ban treaty that had been signed by the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and the United States?
disengagement from the US dominated NATO and the development of an independent nuclear strike force
the foreign policy of Charles de Gaulle focused on?
What country did the Soviet Union expel from the Soviet bloc in 1948 because of its insistence on following an independent course in foreign affairs?
an active policy of de-stalinization was begun in 1956 by?
communist leader who gained power as nationalist leader in Hungary and announced country's neutrality and withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact
Imre Nagy?
promise "socialism with a human face"
Alexander Dubcek's Prague Spring?
reserved the right to invade any socialist country that was deemed to be threatened by internal or external elements.."hostile to socialism"-justified Soviets invasion of Czechoslovakia
the Brezhnev Doctrine?
brought an end to the long period of imperialist intrusion in China and spawned a close relationship between the world's largest and most powerful socialist states- set out to imitate Soviet socialism
upon its creation in 1949, the People's Republic of China?
too modest with their aid programs and too many strings attached to them
by the mid -1960s, the Chinese were accusing the Soviets of being?
reduction in hostility agreed by the US and Soviets
The policy of détente means ?
US and Soviets
the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks were signed in 1972 between?
turning the war over to the south vietnamese- nixon
the term "Vietnamization"?
ended the US phase of the Vietnam War
the Paris Peace Accords of 1973?
The Soviet Union discovered its "vietnam" in?
the Taliban
The government of Muhammad Najibullah, who had been put in place in Afghanistan back in 1986, was finally overthrown in 1996 by?
Soviets were unable to connect communism with nationalism in eastern Europe which left communist regimes vulnerable throughout eastern/ central Europe &
Soviet imposed governments lacked legitimacy - regimes never became firmly established
Which of the following statements reflects the relationship between the Soviet Union and eastern Europe at the end of World War II?
Mikhail Gorbachev
the Russian leader who brought massive reform to the Soviet Union beginning in 1985 was?
a combined trade union and nationalist movement
Solidarity was?
Todor Zhivkov
at the time he was forced out of office in 1989, the longest surviving communist leader was?
Chechoslovakia- swept communists out of office and restored democracy
the "velvet revolution" brought change to?
dictator in Romania who refused reforms and repressed demonstrations; ended up dead in uprising
NIcolae Ceausescu was?
Erich Honecker
The East German leader who rejected Gorbachev's reforms and clung to the traditional Soviet pattern was?
reforms focused on ailing economy. committed himself to restructuring of USSR and unilateral withdrawal from cold war; dismantled Brezhnev Doctrine
Mikhail Gorbachev?
uskorenie- tried to shock economy out of coma;didnt work
Mikhail Gorbachev tried to implement a policy of "acceleration," or?
"restructuring"-pushed economic decentralization
Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of perestroika referred to?
When Mikhail Gorbachev discussed the opening of Soviet society to public criticism and admission of past mistakes, he used the term?
the Baltics- estonians, latvians, lithuanians
the first of the Soviet republics to declare independence?
Boris Yeltsin
At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the largest of the republics, the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, was headed by?
Boris Yeltsin
Mikhail Gorbachev was rescued from an unsuccessful coup by?
who finally dismantled the soviet communist party and pushed the country toward free market reforms?
NIkita Khrushchev
leader of the USSR during the Cuban missile crisis?
Betty Friedan
the "Feminine Mystique"?
Bandung Conference
nonalignment movement?
John Kennedy
leader of the US during the cuban missile crisis?
hindu extremist Nathuram Godse
on 30 January 1948, Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated by?
was dangerous because it emphasized religious over national identity
both Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru felt that communalism...?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah called for the creation of?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Who said, "The only solution to India's problems is Pakistan"?
Hindus and Muslims
In 1946, six thousand people died in the Great Calcutta Killing in a confrontation between?
the province of Kashmir-claimed by both states
War broke out between India and Pakistan in 1947 over?
where leaders of African/Asian countries first discussed nonalignment- talked about "the third path" ( not having to choose US or USSR)
the Bandung Conference?
fashioned a compelling position for newly independent nations caught in the cold war and in the super power tug of war ??
in regard to international affairs, Nehru?
Ho Chi Minh
the leader of North Vietnam was?
US declaration
The Vietnamese Declaration of Independence was modeled on?
the disastrous 1954 defeat that forced the French out of Vietnam was at?
the first president of the Republic (South) of Vietnam
Ngo Dinh Diem was?
Lyndon Johnson
In 1965, which U.S. president ordered a bombing campaign against North Vietnam and sent American ground troops to bolster the South Vietnam army?
Great Britain
the European country that served as the mandate power in Palestine after World War I was?
british government committed itself to the support of a homeland for Jews in Palestine
in the Balfour Declaration of 1917?
divide into 2 states
in 1947, the United Nations proposed that Palestine should?
Gamel Abdel Nasser's internationalist position was most similar to that of ?
The leader of the Arab world in the 1950s and 1960s was?
left Nasser in a dominant position in the Arab world- used the money collected from the canal to finance construction of a massive dam of the Nile River at Aswan
the Suez Canal crisis of 1956?
they had not consulted with the United States
the English and French were forced to withdraw from controlling the Suez Canal during the crisis in 1956 because?
1960- a year that French colonies won their independence
the "year of Africa' refers to?
After a long and bloody conflict, the Algerians gained their independence in 1962 from?
urged the use of violence against colonial oppressors as a means of overcoming the racist degradation experienced by peoples outside the Soviet-US Sphere
in the "Wretched of the Earth", Frantz Fanon?
an African poet who tried to turn Africans away from European culture/colonial rule
Bernard Dadie was?
Kwame Nkrumah
The leader of the first sub-Saharan African nation to gain independence, and the most important nationalist leader in Africa, was?
The Mau Mau uprising was an attempt to free Kenya from control by the?
Jomo Kenyatta was a nationalist leader in?
the disastrous Great Leap Forward was backed by?
came to power after Mao's death and moderated Mao's commitment to Chinese self-sufficiency and isolation and engineered China's entry into the international financial trading system
Deng Xiaoping?
Indira Ghandi
The Indian leader who attempted to control the massive population growth in India by ordering involuntary sterilization was?
Anwar Sadat
The Egyptian leader who both masterminded the surprise Yom Kippur attack on Israel and facilitated the peace process with the Israelis was?
Yasser Arafat
the founder of the Palestinian Liberation Organization was?
Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin
Peace treaties that advanced the notion of limited Palestinian self-rule were signed in 1993 and 1995 by Yasser Arafat and?
The desire for the reassertion of Islamic values in Muslim politics was at the heart of?
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
the US-backed government of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in Iran was overthrown in 1979 by?
from 1980 to 1988, Iran was involved in a bloody war with?
What country has the Institutional Revolutionary Party ruled for much of the twentieth century?
in Argentina
Juan Perón, a nationalistic militarist who was nonetheless popular with the poor, ruled ?
military rule took a sinister turn when dictators approved the creation of death squads that fought a "dirty war" against suspected suversives
Argentina, in the late 1970s and early 1980s?
the US-backed Somoza family ruled what country for more than 40 years?
The situation wherein national boundaries were artificial conveniences that did not correspond to economic or ethnic divisions was most common in?
South Africa
in 1948, the system of apartheid was put into place by the Afrikaner National Party in?
Nelson Mandela
the leader of the African National Congress was?
in 1960, sixty-nine blacks were slaughtered in South Africa in the _____ massacre?
Zaire (later renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Mobutu Sese Seko was the dictatorial leader of?
the US
Mobutu Sese Seko's coup, in which he killed Zaire's first prime minister, was supported by?
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) started with 23 noncommunist nations in 1947, and by 1994 was up to how many nations?
WTO- World Trade Organization
which of these organizations has developed into a forum for settling international trade disputes?
was: hong kong, singapore, south korea, taiwan
which of the following was not one of the "little tigers"?
the Asian economic crisis began in 1997 in what country?
European Union
the most famous and most strongly integrated regional bloc is?
one of the earliest/most successful alliances (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries); established in 1960 by oil producing states
OPEC is?
islamic version of Barbie
Sara was?
homogenizing aspect of global culture
americanization refers to?
threatened local/indigenous cultures everywhere
the spread of US mass culture?
"age of success"
because of the rise of communication technology, observers have labeled today's era the?
has critics; "mass media is a vehicle for cultural imperialism"/ english became dominant language around globe
the new age of global interconnectedness?
net wall- trying to contain internet by erecting firewall in china
the term "wangguan" refers to?
100 million
the world's population increases by____ every year?
11.6 billion
it is estimated that by 2200 the population of the earth will reach?
5.5 billion
in 1994, the population of the earth stood at?
scientist Rachel Carson
the author of "Silent Spring" was?
cut emissions blamed for global warming- CO2 and other dangerous gases
the 1997 agreement at Kyoto was aimed at controlling which of the following threats to the world's environment?
south/southeast Asia; especially India
the areas of the world where child labor is most prominent are?
at the end of the year 2003, how many million adults and children lived with HIV/AIDS?
eighty percent of the children with HIV/AIDS live in?
september 11- attack of the twin towers
the United states' "war on terror" began in the wake of which of the following events?
Red Cross
the earliest nongovernmental organization was the ?
world war 2
global recognition and acceptance of the concept of human rights grew after?
10% or less
in the Islamic world, what percentage of women are in the workforce?
failed to achieve ratification before the 1982 deadline- never materialized
the Equal Rights Amendment in the United States?
socialist or communist societies- ex: USSR, Cuba, China
the only countries that transformed their legal systems to ensure basic equality for women were?
limited 1 child per couple
China's population policy?
disappearance of a large number of girls
one suspected consequence of China's one-child family rule is?
by 2001, female literacy in India stood at?
dowry deaths are a major problem facing women in?
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
the Myanmar leader who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 is?
CHandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga
the first female president of Sri Lanka was?
in 1996 the largest urban area in the world, with a total population of around 27 million, was?
rainbow warrior
greenpeace flagship?
islamic warriors?
which of the following was one of the Allied powers but not a member of the Triple Entente?
Zimmerman Note, Treaty of Versailles, Stock Market Crash, New Deal
which of the following sets is listed in correct chronological order?
Poland, Lithuania, Hungary
Which of the following sets is a correct list of new nations created by the Treaty of Versailles?
Germany began the 1930's as a democracy.
Which of the following is a true statement about ideologies in the 1920's and 1930's?