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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. STM capacity
  2. Encoding factors: encoding specificity
  3. Phonological Loop
  4. Stoff and Eagle (1971)
  5. Godden & Baddeley, 1975
  1. a • Example:
    • 17761941191418651812
    • 1776, 1941, 1914, 1865, 1812
    • This limit is flexible with chunks
  2. b a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later
    • Varied environment at test
    • Land people - half still on land; half in water
    • Water people-half still under water; half one land
    • Godden and baddeley's results
    a. Have a higher recall where they initially learned the information
  3. c a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
    b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
    i. Rehearsal
    ii. Associative
  4. d • Similarity between encoding and retrieval conditions
    • Factors:
    a. Physical state
    b. Physical context
  5. e • Temporarily maintains acoustic information.
    • Divided into 2 parts:
    a. Phonological store: tape loop (~2s)
    b. Subvocal rehearsal process: inner speech
    i. Articulatory suppression
    a. Saying "lalallalallallala" and being asked to memorize words
    b. Hard.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • Goodwin et al. (1969)
    a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
  2. • Philips (1979)
    a. Grids with randomly filled squares
    b. Ranged of complexity: 4x4 to 8x8
    c. Shown 2nd grid-are the same squares filled in?
    d. Varied interstimulus interval (time between grids)
  3. being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
  4. • Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
    a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
    b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory
  5. • Duties:
    a. Plans cognitive tasks
    b. Integrates information from LTM
    c. Initiates retrieval and decision processes
    d. Coordinates other systems

5 True/False questions

  1. Encoding factors: Prior knowledge• Study: FB ICB SNC AAP BS
    • Now study: FBI CBS NCAA PBS
    -Chucks connect to prior knowledge


  2. Short term vs. long term memory• What determines whether we will remember something
    a. Repetition


  3. Morris, Bransford, and Franks (1979)a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
    b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
    ("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)


  4. George millers (1956) "magical number"a. STM is limited!
    b. Capacity: 7+/-2


  5. Baddeley's working memory Model• You are talking to your best friend about her recent breakup?
    a. Remembering earlier instances that caused her to be upset before
    b. Remember own past experiences relate to hers-long term
    c. Remember what they said just a second ago to hold conversation -short term
    • You are driving to a soccer game?
    • You are learning new information in class?
    a. Learned from previous classes that might be helpful in this class
    b. As she is talking you are taking notes-short term memory
    c. Pull information to write it down-working memory (hold information as your engaging in it)