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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Memory basics
  2. Memory test:
  3. Goodwin et al. (1969)
  4. Phonological Loop
  5. Godden & Baddeley, 1975
  1. a a. Standard Recognition vs. Rhyme Cue
  2. b • Temporarily maintains acoustic information.
    • Divided into 2 parts:
    a. Phonological store: tape loop (~2s)
    b. Subvocal rehearsal process: inner speech
    i. Articulatory suppression
    a. Saying "lalallalallallala" and being asked to memorize words
    b. Hard.
  3. c a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later
    • Varied environment at test
    • Land people - half still on land; half in water
    • Water people-half still under water; half one land
    • Godden and baddeley's results
    a. Have a higher recall where they initially learned the information
  4. d a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
    • Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.
  5. e encoding; storage; retrieval

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
    b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
    i. Rehearsal
    ii. Associative
  2. being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
  3. Central Execute
    (arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
    Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad
  4. a. In rehearsal there was no difference
    b. In associative the three seconds was remembered more than the 1 second
    i. Extra time helps memory
  5. • Craik and Tulving (1975):
    • Study 60 words
    • 3 types of processing tasks:
    a. Shallow: physical characteristics
    b. Medium: sound/acoustic
    c. Deep: meaning/semantic

5 True/False questions

  1. Retrieval factors: physical context• Godden & Baddeley, 1975
    a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later

          

  2. Encoding factors: repetition• Which is the real penny?

          

  3. Morris, Bransford, and Franks (1979)a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
    b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
    i. Rehearsal
    ii. Associative

          

  4. Central executive• Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
    a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
    b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory

          

  5. Are you using memory when• What determines whether we will remember something
    a. Repetition