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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Repetition
  2. Encoding Factors: meaning
  3. Goodwin et al. (1969)
  4. Baddeley's working memory Model
  5. Encoding factors: encoding specificity
  1. a • Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
    a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
    b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory
  2. b • Craik and Tulving (1975):
    • Study 60 words
    • 3 types of processing tasks:
    a. Shallow: physical characteristics
    b. Medium: sound/acoustic
    c. Deep: meaning/semantic
  3. c • Similarity between encoding and retrieval conditions
    • Factors:
    a. Physical state
    b. Physical context
  4. d a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
    • Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.
  5. e Central Execute
    (arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
    Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • Temporarily maintains acoustic information.
    • Divided into 2 parts:
    a. Phonological store: tape loop (~2s)
    b. Subvocal rehearsal process: inner speech
    i. Articulatory suppression
    a. Saying "lalallalallallala" and being asked to memorize words
    b. Hard.
  2. • Duties:
    a. Plans cognitive tasks
    b. Integrates information from LTM
    c. Initiates retrieval and decision processes
    d. Coordinates other systems
  3. • Which is the real penny?
  4. getting info to memory
  5. a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
    b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
    i. Rehearsal
    ii. Associative

5 True/False questions

  1. George millers (1956) "magical number"• Godden & Baddeley, 1975
    a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later


  2. Memory test:encoding; storage; retrieval


  3. Retrieval factors: physical state• Goodwin et al. (1969)
    a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated


  4. Are you using memory when• You are talking to your best friend about her recent breakup?
    a. Remembering earlier instances that caused her to be upset before
    b. Remember own past experiences relate to hers-long term
    c. Remember what they said just a second ago to hold conversation -short term
    • You are driving to a soccer game?
    • You are learning new information in class?
    a. Learned from previous classes that might be helpful in this class
    b. As she is talking you are taking notes-short term memory
    c. Pull information to write it down-working memory (hold information as your engaging in it)


  5. storagehow much information can be hold to memory and how long to keep it there


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