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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Encoding factors: Prior knowledge
  2. Morris, Bransford, and Franks (1979)
  3. Stoff and Eagle (1971)
  4. Encoding factors: encoding specificity
  5. Stoff and Eagle's results
  1. a • Similarity between encoding and retrieval conditions
    • Factors:
    a. Physical state
    b. Physical context
  2. b a. In rehearsal there was no difference
    b. In associative the three seconds was remembered more than the 1 second
    i. Extra time helps memory
  3. c a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
    b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
    i. Rehearsal
    ii. Associative
  4. d a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
    b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
    ("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)
  5. e • Study: FB ICB SNC AAP BS
    • Now study: FBI CBS NCAA PBS
    -Chucks connect to prior knowledge

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Central Execute
    (arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
    Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad
  2. • Which is the real penny?
  3. • Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
    a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
    b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory
  4. a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later
    • Varied environment at test
    • Land people - half still on land; half in water
    • Water people-half still under water; half one land
    • Godden and baddeley's results
    a. Have a higher recall where they initially learned the information
  5. • Duties:
    a. Plans cognitive tasks
    b. Integrates information from LTM
    c. Initiates retrieval and decision processes
    d. Coordinates other systems

5 True/False questions

  1. encodinghow much information can be hold to memory and how long to keep it there


  2. retrievalbeing able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use


  3. Memory test:encoding; storage; retrieval


  4. Retrieval factors: physical state• Goodwin et al. (1969)
    a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated


  5. Temporarily maintains visual and spatial info.• From memory or perception
    • If you have to think about your house and imagine your walking through your house and count the number of windows and doors in the house


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