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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Phonological Loop
  2. Encoding factors: repetition
  3. George millers (1956) "magical number"
  4. Are you using memory when
  5. Memory test:
  1. a • Temporarily maintains acoustic information.
    • Divided into 2 parts:
    a. Phonological store: tape loop (~2s)
    b. Subvocal rehearsal process: inner speech
    i. Articulatory suppression
    a. Saying "lalallalallallala" and being asked to memorize words
    b. Hard.
  2. b a. Standard Recognition vs. Rhyme Cue
  3. c • You are talking to your best friend about her recent breakup?
    a. Remembering earlier instances that caused her to be upset before
    b. Remember own past experiences relate to hers-long term
    c. Remember what they said just a second ago to hold conversation -short term
    • You are driving to a soccer game?
    • You are learning new information in class?
    a. Learned from previous classes that might be helpful in this class
    b. As she is talking you are taking notes-short term memory
    c. Pull information to write it down-working memory (hold information as your engaging in it)
  4. d • Which is the real penny?
  5. e a. STM is limited!
    b. Capacity: 7+/-2

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Central Execute
    (arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
    Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad
  2. getting info to memory
  3. a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
    • Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.
  4. a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later
    • Varied environment at test
    • Land people - half still on land; half in water
    • Water people-half still under water; half one land
    • Godden and baddeley's results
    a. Have a higher recall where they initially learned the information
  5. • Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
    a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
    b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory

5 True/False questions

  1. STM capacity• Example:
    • 17761941191418651812
    • 1776, 1941, 1914, 1865, 1812
    • This limit is flexible with chunks

          

  2. Retrieval factors: physical context• Goodwin et al. (1969)
    a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated

          

  3. Implications for studying• Spend quality time with your study materials!

          

  4. Morris et al. Resultsa. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
    • Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.

          

  5. Temporarily maintains visual and spatial info.• From memory or perception
    • If you have to think about your house and imagine your walking through your house and count the number of windows and doors in the house