5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- STM capacity
- Encoding factors: encoding specificity
- Phonological Loop
- Stoff and Eagle (1971)
- Godden & Baddeley, 1975
- a • Example:
• 1776, 1941, 1914, 1865, 1812
• This limit is flexible with chunks
- b a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
i. Half learned the words on land
ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
b. Recall test given one year later
• Varied environment at test
• Land people - half still on land; half in water
• Water people-half still under water; half one land
• Godden and baddeley's results
a. Have a higher recall where they initially learned the information
- c a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
- d • Similarity between encoding and retrieval conditions
a. Physical state
b. Physical context
- e • Temporarily maintains acoustic information.
• Divided into 2 parts:
a. Phonological store: tape loop (~2s)
b. Subvocal rehearsal process: inner speech
i. Articulatory suppression
a. Saying "lalallalallallala" and being asked to memorize words
5 Multiple choice questions
- • Goodwin et al. (1969)
a. Med student produce associations to words.
b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
• Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
- • Philips (1979)
a. Grids with randomly filled squares
b. Ranged of complexity: 4x4 to 8x8
c. Shown 2nd grid-are the same squares filled in?
d. Varied interstimulus interval (time between grids)
- being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
- • Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory
- • Duties:
a. Plans cognitive tasks
b. Integrates information from LTM
c. Initiates retrieval and decision processes
d. Coordinates other systems
5 True/False questions
Encoding factors: Prior knowledge → • Study: FB ICB SNC AAP BS
• Now study: FBI CBS NCAA PBS
-Chucks connect to prior knowledge
Short term vs. long term memory → • What determines whether we will remember something
Morris, Bransford, and Franks (1979) → a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)
George millers (1956) "magical number" → a. STM is limited!
b. Capacity: 7+/-2
Baddeley's working memory Model → • You are talking to your best friend about her recent breakup?
a. Remembering earlier instances that caused her to be upset before
b. Remember own past experiences relate to hers-long term
c. Remember what they said just a second ago to hold conversation -short term
• You are driving to a soccer game?
• You are learning new information in class?
a. Learned from previous classes that might be helpful in this class
b. As she is talking you are taking notes-short term memory
c. Pull information to write it down-working memory (hold information as your engaging in it)