5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- STM capacity
- Working memory: Visuospatical sketchpad
- Retrieval factors: physical context
- Are you using memory when
- Morris, Bransford, and Franks (1979)
- a • Philips (1979)
a. Grids with randomly filled squares
b. Ranged of complexity: 4x4 to 8x8
c. Shown 2nd grid-are the same squares filled in?
d. Varied interstimulus interval (time between grids)
- b • Example:
• 1776, 1941, 1914, 1865, 1812
• This limit is flexible with chunks
- c a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)
- d • Godden & Baddeley, 1975
a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
i. Half learned the words on land
ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
b. Recall test given one year later
- e • You are talking to your best friend about her recent breakup?
a. Remembering earlier instances that caused her to be upset before
b. Remember own past experiences relate to hers-long term
c. Remember what they said just a second ago to hold conversation -short term
• You are driving to a soccer game?
• You are learning new information in class?
a. Learned from previous classes that might be helpful in this class
b. As she is talking you are taking notes-short term memory
c. Pull information to write it down-working memory (hold information as your engaging in it)
5 Multiple choice questions
- • Which is the real penny?
- • Standard: meaning > rhyme
• Rhyme Cue: rhyme > meaning
- • Goodwin et al. (1969)
a. Med student produce associations to words.
b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
• Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
- • Study locations of pieces on board
a. Game Position (Typical)
i. Novices: 4 pieces recalled; Experts 16 pieces recalled
b. Random position
i. Novices: 4 pieces recalled; Experts: 4 pieces recalled
- encoding; storage; retrieval
5 True/False questions
Repetition → being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
Baddeley's working memory Model → Central Execute
(arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad
Long term memory → being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
Godden & Baddeley, 1975 → a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
encoding → how much information can be hold to memory and how long to keep it there