5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Morris, Bransford, and Franks (1979)
- Implications for studying
- Phonological Loop
- Stoff and Eagle's results
- a • Spend quality time with your study materials!
- b how much information can be hold to memory and how long to keep it there
- c • Temporarily maintains acoustic information.
• Divided into 2 parts:
a. Phonological store: tape loop (~2s)
b. Subvocal rehearsal process: inner speech
i. Articulatory suppression
a. Saying "lalallalallallala" and being asked to memorize words
- d a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)
- e a. In rehearsal there was no difference
b. In associative the three seconds was remembered more than the 1 second
i. Extra time helps memory
5 Multiple choice questions
- being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
- a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
- a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
i. Half learned the words on land
ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
b. Recall test given one year later
• Varied environment at test
• Land people - half still on land; half in water
• Water people-half still under water; half one land
• Godden and baddeley's results
a. Have a higher recall where they initially learned the information
- • Standard: meaning > rhyme
• Rhyme Cue: rhyme > meaning
- encoding; storage; retrieval
5 True/False questions
Baddeley's working memory Model → Central Execute
(arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad
Retrieval factors: physical state → • Goodwin et al. (1969)
a. Med student produce associations to words.
b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
• Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
George millers (1956) "magical number" → a. STM is limited!
b. Capacity: 7+/-2
Encoding factors: Prior knowledge → • Craik and Tulving (1975):
• Study 60 words
• 3 types of processing tasks:
a. Shallow: physical characteristics
b. Medium: sound/acoustic
c. Deep: meaning/semantic
Long term memory → a. Standard Recognition vs. Rhyme Cue