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30 terms

Civics Unit 5/Local Gov

STUDY
PLAY
Administrator
The head of the county government's executive branch
Assessment
The determination of the value of one's land and house.
At-Large
Member of the county legislation branch elected by the voters of the entire county, and not just the voters of one district within the county.
Attendance Zone
The boundary that determines to which public school each child is assigned
Board of Supervisors
The legislative branch in the county.
Budget
A plan of income and spending
Charter School
A public school that has no attendance zone and can develop its own curriculum
Counties
Subdivisions of state government formed to carry out state laws, collect taxes, and supervise elections.
County Seat
The town or city in which a county government of located.
District Attorney
The official who represents the county government in trials.
Government Bond
A certificate of debt issued by governments to persons from whom they have borrowed money.
Homeowners Association Fee
Money that residents of a specific neighborhood must pay that is then used to provide services to the neighborhood that the county government does not provide
Impact Fee
Money a homebuilder pays the government for each dwelling the homebuilder builds.
Jail
The government facility for people awaiting trial and those convicted and sentenced to incarceration for less than one year.
Landfill
Place where solid waste is treated and buried.
Magnet School
A public school that has no attendance zone and a specialized curriculum.
Mayor
The chair of the town's legislative branch.
Ordinances
Regulations that govern a local governmental unit.
Personal Property Tax
Tax on cars and trucks.
Police Chief
The person in charge of law enforcement in the town.
Precincts
Local voting districts in a county, city or ward.
Proffer
Money a homebuilder is asked to pay to help cover the cost to the government when people eventually move into the dwellings.
Real Property Tax
Tax on land and houses
Septic System
The process of removing waste from one's house and placing it in a storage tank in the back-yard.
Sewer System
The process of removing waste from one's house through a network of pipes to a distant treatment facility.
Sheriff
The chief law-enforcement official in some county governments.
Superintendent
The head of the school's executive branch in the county.
Town
A group of neighborhoods whose residents agree to pay extra taxes that are used to pay for extra services not provided by the county government.
Utilities
Services that are considered so important (water, electricity, telephone) that local governments make sure homes have them, and sometimes actually provide them.
Zoning
The process of dividing the county into separate areas reserved for farms, residences, businesses and factories.