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Chapter 11 APUSH
Terms in this set (37)
Democratic-Republican President. Tied with Aaron Burr but was voted into office because of hte House of Representatives. Emphasized liberty and state's rights, but often went back on what he said. Put in place a small military and the embargo act while getting rid of the excise tax.
He was the fifth President of the United States and proclaimed that the Americas should be closed to future European colonization and free from European interference in sovereign countries' affairs. It further stated the United States' intention to stay neutral in European wars
American explorer who aided Meriwether Lewis in an expedition through the Louisiana Purchase
Jefferson's Sec. of Treasury and a financial genius --> helped to cut the national debt nearly in half
He was the U.S. Minister to France from 1801 to 1804. He negotiated the purchase of the Louisiana Territory, along with James Monroe.
American soldier and explorer whose expedition is often compared to the lewis and Clark expedition, mapped much of the southern portion of the Louisianna Purchase.
American jurist and politician who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-1835) and helped establish the practice of judicial review, also presided over cases like Marbury vs. Madison.
A French general who became ruler of France, sold Louisisana to the Americans after receiving it from the Spanish
United States politician who served as Vice President under Jefferson, he mortally wounded his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a duel and fled south. He plotted secesionist schemes.
Appointed by Adams as one of the midnight judges in the Judiciary Act of 1801. Sued government because he was never appointed, which resulted in Marbury v. Madison and Judicial Review.
Strict constructionist, 4th president, father of the Constitution, leads nation through War of 1812
a famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement (1768-1813)
Tecumseh's brother. He tried to help unite the Northwest Indian tribes in their struggle against the onslaught of US settlers.
was an important leader of the Haïtian Revolution (led the slaves against the French) and the first leader of a free Haiti. In a long struggle again the institution of slavery, he led the blacks to victory over the whites and free coloreds and secured native control over the colony in 1797, calling himself a dictator.
supreme court justice of whom the Democratic-Republican Congress tried to remove in retaliation of the John Marshall's decision regarding Marbury; was not removed due to a lack of votes in the Senate.
United States explorer and soldier who lead led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River (1774-1809)
United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State, He served as sixth president under Monroe. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly his work.
granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support. This was not used by Thomas Jefferson, who upon assuming office dismissed few Federalist employees, leaving scant openings to fill with political appointees.
the power of the Supreme court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service, or coercing someone into government service
Jefferson came up with the Embargo Act which cut off all trade with all countries. Jefferson hoped this would force the English to come to his terms and stop stealing American sailors. This, however, did not work and greatly hurt American trade.
Macon's Bill No.2
1810 - Forbade trade with Britain and France, but offered to resume trade with whichever nation lifted its neutral trading restrictions first. France quickly changed its policies against neutral vessels, so the U.S. resumed trade with France, but not Britain.
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
Judiciary Act of 1789
legislation passed by congress that created the federal court system, including the Supreme Court and district courts
Battle of Austerlitz
battle between Austria, Russia, and France; the French under Napoleon defeated the Russian armies of Czar Alexander I and the Austrian armies of Emperor Francis II
Judiciary Act of 1801
a law that increased the number of federal judges, allowing President John Adams to fill most of the new posts with Federalists
Orders in Council
British edicts that closed European ports to foreign shipping unless they stopped first in a British port
Revolution of 1800
Jefferson's election changed the direction of the government from Federalist to Democratic- Republican, so it was called a "revolution."
The 16 judges that were added by the Judiciary Act of 1801 that were called this because Adams signed their appointments late on the last day of his administration.
An English naval vessel, requested permission to board a smaller American naval vessel. When refused, the British fired. The British then removed four sailors that were alleged English deserters. Because of this incident President Jefferson, announced the Embargo Act.
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Enacted in response to British and French mistreatment of American merchants, the Act banned the export of all goods from the United States to any foreign port. The embargo placed great strains on the American economy while only marginally affecting its European targets and was therefore repealed in 1809.
Louisiana Purchase Treaty
Acquisition of the Louisiana territory from France. The purchase more than doubled the territory of the United States, opening vast tracts for settlement.
Passed alongside the repeal of the Embargo Act. It reopened trade with all but the two belligerent nations, Britain and and France. The Act continued Jefferson's policy of economic coercion, still with little effect.
It is the term used to describe the United States Navy's fleet of small gunboats, leading up to and during the War of 1812.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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