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PS 40 Midterm
Terms in this set (58)
The use by the national government of cross-cutting requirements, crossover sanctions, direct orders, and partial preemption are all examples of which of the following?
Advances in national civil liberties policy have frequently involved
reigning in majorities that assert their prerogatives over the objections of individuals and groups who did not wish to conform to prevailing social norms and rules.
Which branch of the federal government is designed to play a key role protecting civil liberties in the United States?
Why did the Constitution not seriously address the question of civil liberties?
The Framers believed the solution to tyranny rested on correctly designed institutions that balanced interests through competition.
In Federalist No. 84 Alexander Hamilton poses the question, "Why declare that things shall not be done which there is no power to do?" He was expressing which of the following concerns?
That a list of rights in the Constitution might imply that the federal government had the authority to restrict the freedoms not expressly protected
What is the name of the process that uses the Fourteenth Amendment to make the Bill of Rights binding on the actions of state governments and not just the federal government?
The Bill of Rights has, during the twentieth century
gradually by incorporation, come to be accepted as national policy that applies to every level of government.
An independent press plays an indispensable role in maintaining a representative democracy for which of the following reasons?
Without reliable information about the performance of officeholders, citizens would be hard-pressed to monitor their agents, and politicians would find it difficult to communicate with their constituents.
Despite the Fifth Amendment's ban on self-incrimination, a witness can be compelled to testify against himself under which of the following circumstances?
If granted immunity from prosecution
Which of the following is true about the Supreme Court's 1973 opinion in Roe v. Wade?
It ended abortion's varying legality across the states.
The short, two-year terms in the House of Representatives and broad suffrage was designed by the Framers of the Constiution to do which of the following?
Keep the House as close to the people as possible
One aspect of the Senate designed to insulate it from transient shifts in public mood is which of the following?
One-third of the Senate's membership stand for reelection every two years.
All of the following are among the powers explicitly given to Congress except
the power to override a presidential veto with a simple majority vote.
Thomas Jefferson articulated the real rationale for throwing off British rule in the Declaration of Independence as
the fundamental right of self-governance
In midterm elections
the President's party often loses seats, but the size of the losses depends on the performance of the economy and the President.
To keep the amendment of the Constitution from being too easy an option for a popular majority to accomplish, the Framers did which of the following?
They imposed heavy transaction costs on changing the Constitution that required support of Congress and the states.
Under the Articles of Confederation, the states faced a classic prisoner's dilemma for which of the following reasons?
With no enforcement mechanism in place, no state would contribute its share of the revenue so long as it suspected other states might not meet their obligations.
What was one of the most important experiences colonial Americans learned about government?
A popularly elected legislature controlling the purse strings could dominate other government institutions.
When the federal government makes a block grant
it gives an exact amount of money to spend for some purpose.
Which clause has the federal government utilized to expand its jurisdiction over policymaking as the scope of economic transactions has increased?
Although the two concepts are often used interchangeably, the difference between civil liberties and civil rights is which of the following?
Civil liberties are the Constitution's protections "from" government power; civil rights are the Constitution's protections provided "by" government power.
By and large, Americans seem to support a wide range of economic and social policies that are commonly classified as
Farmers who pay attention to farm policy or retired persons and their doctors who keep tabs on Medicare are examples of
For pollsters, "framing"
means the context in which the question is asked frames the question and the frame determines which attitudes govern the response.
Madison, who recognized that people act most forcefully when they have a stake in the outcome, believed tyranny could best be avoided by which of the following?
Empowering every faction to look out for its own interests
Politicians pay close attention to group differences in polling data because
they determine feasible coalition-building strategies.
The attitudes of Americans toward politicians
is increasingly negative because public distrust of government has deepened markedly as Americans believe that public officials are corrupt and government wastes taxpayers' money.
The Dred Scott decision
forbid the federal government from regulating slavery in the territories.
The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution provides in part that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without the due process of law," nor
"deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
The New Deal
provided African Americans government assistance for the first time since Reconstruction and treated African Americans in an evenhanded fashion.
The patterns of public opinion with regard to torture illustrate that
the opinions most people hold on political issues rely heavily on cues and signals the leaders of their preferred party send on the issues.
The reality that successful demonstrations requires many people to expose themselves to dangers and other sanctions raised the possibility of what collective action problem?
The terms liberal and conservative
are the ideological labels commonly used in American politics.
The white primary, which excluded African Americans from voting in the primary, effectively disenfranchised African Americans because of which of the following reasons?
The South was solidly Democratic, so winning the Democratic primary was the same as winning the election.
Unless there is a compelling reason to do otherwise, Americans interpret political phenomena
in ways that favor their preferred party.
What affects the margin of error in a poll?
The size of the sample
Which government program is called the third rail of American politics by politicians because, like the high-voltage tracks that power subway trains, if you touch it you are dead?
Which of the following statements about sampling is true?
The larger the sample the more closely the sample's answers will closely approximate the answers if the entire population could be asked.
The Speaker of the House
is elected by the reigning majority and serves as the party's leader and agent with the power to appoint committees, make rules, and manage the legislative process.
A multiple referral sends a bill to which of the following?
To multiple committees at the same time or in sequence, in whole or piece by piece
The use of rules in the House of Representatives
specify when, how long, and under what procedures a bill will be considered.
To end a filibuster in the Senate, cloture must be invoked by how many votes?
Three-fifths of the Senate membership, currently sixty votes
Which of the following is required for a congressional override of a presidential veto?
A two-thirds vote in each chamber
A central feature of the Great Compromise was which of the following?
A bicameral legislature with the upper chamber representation equal for all states and the lower chamber representation based on population
In a federal system, the Constitution divides authority between which of the following?
Two or more distinct levels of government
James Madison attributed the failure of the confederation to which of the following?
Local governments in the United States
do not exercise independent, constitutional authority because they are not mentioned in the Constitution.
National campaigns for legislation banning automatic weapons, regulating hazardous waste disposal, and mandating special education are all examples of which of the following?
Instances in which state issues have been strategically shifted to Washington, D.C., by their advocates
The ability of the Supreme Court to overturn federal laws and executive actions as unconstitutional is known as
The American Revolution was nearly undermined by what collective action problem when the states failed to contribute their promised money and supplies or soldiers enlisted and quickly deserted with their new booty?
The checks and balances contained within the Constitution result in which of the following?
Some capacity of each of the three branches to limit the power of the other two
The first American Constitution created a confederation, which can best be described as which of the following?
A highly decentralized governmental system in which the national government derives limited authority from the states rather than directly from the citizens
The passage of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act, which standardized state driver's licenses for interstate truckers, is an example of the federal government doing which of the following?
Solving a coordination problem among the states
The problems of pollution and conserving natural resources are examples of
Tragedies of the commons
The Seventeenth Amendment, which came about amid persistent and widespread charges of bribery, mandated which of the following?
The direct and popular election of senators
To justify the New Deal's unprecedented intervention in the economy, the Roosevelt administration invoked which of the following?
The commerce clause
The 1964 Civil Rights Act
authorized the federal government to end segregation in public education and public accommodations.
The 1970 extension of the Voting Rights Act required which of the following with regard to ballots?
Ballots be available in Spanish where at least 5 percent of the population is Hispanic.
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