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History Exam 04/22/20
All Multiple Choice
Terms in this set (50)
The Truman Doctrine was developed when Communists attempted to gain control of Greece and?
After WWII, the British approached the United States because they could no longer support the existing Greek government against?
Greek insurgents who wanted to promote communism in Greece
Which of the following was NOT a key part of the United Nations that was formed after WWII?
The Foreign Policy committee
Which of these has five permanent members and ten rotating members?
The Security Council
Which of these was NOT one of the five permanent members?
What is the role of the General Assembly in the United Nations?
The ability to speak for the interests of all of the member nations
In 1948, Congress passed a European Recovery Program which?
-was intended to stabilize Europe's economy in order to undercut the appeal of communism
What was the mutual defense alliance formed in Western Europe called?
What event caused Stalin to blockade Berlin in 1949?
Allied attempts to unify West Germany
What do we call Truman's response to Stalin's blockade of Berlin?
The Berlin Airlift
What action did Khruschev take in 1961 and why?
He built the Berlin Wall to separate East and West Berlin in order to make it difficult for people to defect or escape from East Germany
What were the two sides in the Chinese Civil War and who won?
The Nationalists versus the Communists; Communists won
Who led the Communists in the Chinese Civil War?
Which country was divided at the 38th parallel after WWII?
During WWII, who occupied Korea?
How did what our textbook calls the Korean War begin?
North Korea invaded South Korea with weapons supplied by the Soviet Union
How did the Korean conflict begin and how did the UN become involved?
The United Nations Security Council declared North Korea the aggressor and authorized united nations troops to defend South Korea
Where did General MacArthur launch an amphibious invasion behind North Korean lines?
What was the disagreement between General MacArthur and his commander-in-chief?
After driving the North Koreans back across the 38th parallel, MacArthur wanted to invade China and defeat the side that had won the Chinese Civil War
What event prompted MacArthur to say of the Korean War, "We face an entirely new war"?
China's intervention in support of North Korea
Which country controlled Indochina from the mid 19th century until the Japanese captured it during WWII?
Which of these was NOT part of Indochina before WWII?
After WWII, which of these took place?
France tried to reclaim its former colony; Ho Chi Minh led a guerilla war against the French; Ho Chi Minh was seen by the Vietnamese as a patriot and hero
What happened in 1954 that led to an international conference in Switzerland?
The French were decisively defeated at Dien Bien Phu
Which of these were a result of the Switzerland conference?
Laos and Cambodia were recognized as independent nations separate from Vietnam; Vietnam was temporarily divided into North and South; Many Vietnamese people left the north and moved to the South
Who led the governments in North and South Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh led a Communist totalitarian government in the North, Diem led an anti communist government in the South
Which statement below is FALSE?
Ho Chi Minh refused to participate in national elections because he didn't believe the elections would be fair in the totalitarian part of Vietnam under Diem
Which statement below is FALSE?
Because of his strong commitment to the principle of self-determination, Eisenhower refused to send money or military advisors to Vietnam; this only happened later under Kennedy and Johnson
Which of these American presidents sent some type of financial or military support to help South Vietnam resist Ho Chi Minh and the communists?
Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson
Which statement about Agent Orange is FALSE?
It was a code name used by the CIA in "black ops" like assassinations and coups
What did President Truman call his legislative goals?
The Fair Deal
Which modern president was the first to give considerable attention to civil rights for African Americans?
What nickname was given to the conservative southern Democrats who joined the States' Rights Party in 1948?
Who captured both parties of Congress in the 1948 elections?
What is a "right-to-work" law?
a ban of the union shop
The objective of the Taft-Hartley Act was to?
-weaken unions with right to work laws and cooling off periods
What did the National Security Act do?
It replaced the Secretary of War with a civilian Secretary of Defense
Who won the Presidential election of 1948?
In 1951, which amendment passed that declared no one could be elected president more than two times?
What term was coined to describe accusations based on lies, distortion, and innuendo?
What enduring transportation program did Eisenhower institute?
The Interstate Highway System
What name did President John F. Kennedy give his legislative program?
The New Frontier
What government organization was formed to send skilled volunteers overseas to help underdeveloped nations?
The Peace Corps
What political tool did Kennedy use effectively to win against Nixon?
Which phrase best describes postwar society in America?
Unprecedented economic prosperity
Which of the following contributed to the economic status of postwar America?
America had very little competition as an industrial supplier; Many Americans used money they had saved during WWII to buy homes and appliances; Credit cards and marketing encouraged consumer spending
Postwar America was marked by?
-an increasing involvement in foreign affairs.
What decision was reached by the Supreme Court when it reviewed the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas?
Public schools segregated by race were automatically unequal
Where was the most dramatic standoff over the desegregation of public schools?
Little Rock, Arkansas
The Montgomery Bus Boycott?
Brought Martin Luther King, Jr. into the spotlight as a civil rights leader; Was a long, sustained boycott of Montgomery buses that required perseverance; Is an excellent example of civil disobedience and nonviolent protest
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