Stormy 60's 1960 -68 ch. 38

Lyndon B. Johnson
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Terms in this set (11)
Was part of Johnson's "Great Society" domestic program. Address poverty concerns, especially Appalachia . Congress doubled the appropriation of the Office of Economic Opportunity to @2 billion and granted more than $1 billion to redevelop Appalachia. Included crating Department of Transportation and Department of Housing and Urban Development. 4 big legislative achievements of Great Society program: aid to education, medical care for the elderly and indigent, immigration reform, and new voting rights bill.
1964-1968. President Lyndon Johnson's term for his domestic policy agenda. Billed as a successor to the New DDeal, the Great Society aimed to extend the postwar prosperity to all people in American society by promoting civil rights and fighting poverty. Great Society programs included the War on Poverty, which expanded the Social Security system by creating Medicare and Medicaid to provide health care for the aged and the poor. Johnson also signed laws protecting consumers and empowering community organizations to combat poverty at grassroots levels.
Medicare for the elderly, Medicaid for the poor - created in 1965. Like the New Deal's Social Security program, Medicare and Medicaid created "entitlements." They conferred rights (for health care) on certain categories of Am's virtually in perpetuity. These programs were part of a spreading "rights revolution" that materially improved the lives of millions of Americans - but also eventually undermined the federal government's financial health. Passed as part of LBJ's war on poverty and Great Society.
Abolished at last the "national-origins" quota system that had been in place since 1921.
Also doubled (to 290,000) the number of immigrants allowed to enter annually, while for the first time setting limits on immigrants from the Western Hemisphere (120,000).
Also provided for the admission of close relatives of US citizens, outside those numerical limits. ("Family unification" provisions)
-had effect of immigration shifting heavily from Europe to Latin America & Asia, dramatically changing the racial & ethnic composition of the American population.
Military conflict between Israel & its Arab neighbors, including Syria, Egypt, & Jordan. The war ended with an Israeli victory & territorial expansion into the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, & the West Bank. The 1967 war was a humiliation for several Arab states, & the territorial disputes it created formed the basis for continued conflict in the region.
Coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on 27 key South Vietnam cities. The offensive was an attempt to foment rebellion among the South Vietnamese population & encourage the US to scale back its involvement in the Vietnam war. Even though it ended in Communist defeat, it showed that victory could not be gained by Johnson's strategy of gradual escalation. Even though the Viet Cong (North Vietnam) lost, it was a political victory for them. With increasingly insistent voice, American public opinion demanded a speedy end to the war. Opposition to US involvement in Vietnam was vehement w/in the US.
Eugene McCarthy (p. 908 -909)Democratic senator from Minnesota who emerged as a contender for the 1968 Democratic presidential nomination. Robert Kennedy was also going for the Democratic nomination, as was LBJ's VP, Hubert Humphrey. Robert Kennedy was assassinated. Hubert Humphrey became the democratic nominee -- but Richard Nixon, the Republican nominee, ultimately won the election