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level of diction
amount of advanced choice and use of words in poems (ranging from slang to extreme formality)
used to indicate a level of speech somehow refined above ordinary usage (it used to be used as a compliment to the poet's work, now it is a criticism)
A metaphor in which either the tenor or vehicle is implied, not stated
Ex. The running back gathered steam and chugged towards the end zone.
A comparison using like, as, or than as a connective device
Ex. My love is like a red, red rose.
An extended or far-fetched metaphor, in most cases comparing things that apparently have almost nothing in common
Ex. Make me, O Lord, thy spinning wheel complete
An overstatement, a comparison using conscious exaggeration
Ex. He threw the ball so fast it caught the catcher's mitt on fire.
A metaphor making a direct comparison to a historical or literary event or character, a myth, a biblical reference, and so forth.
He is a Sampson of strength but a Judas of discipline.
Use of a related object to stand for the thing actually being talked about
Ex. It's the only white-collar street in this blue-collar town.
use of a part for the whole, or vice versa
Ex. The crowned heads of Europe were in attendance.
Giving human characteristics to nonhuman things or to abstractions
Ex. Justice weighs the evidence in her golden scales.
A short paradox, consisting of an adjective and noun with conflicting meanings.
Ex. The touch of her lips was sweet agony
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