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42 terms

p. 11-22 poetry anthology

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idiom
the personal use of words that marks a poet's poetry
diction
the individual words in a poem
level of diction
amount of advanced choice and use of words in poems (ranging from slang to extreme formality)
poetic diction
used to indicate a level of speech somehow refined above ordinary usage (it used to be used as a compliment to the poet's work, now it is a criticism)
Archaisms
words that are no longer in common use
syncope
a contradiction; the dropping of a letter (glimm'ring)
Denotation
Literal sense of a word (the dictionary definition)
Connotation
The implied meaning or feel that some words have acquired
Coinage
A word made up by the poet
Paraphrase
when we put a poem into our own words
syntax
the order of words in a sentence
inversion
words that fall out of their expected order
ellipsus
words that are consciously omitted by the poet
Etymology
The study if the sources of words
Concrete diction
words which can be perceived by the senses
imagery
sensory details denoting specific physical experiences
Visual imagery
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of sight
auditory
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of hearing
olfactory
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of smell
tactile
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of touch
gustatory
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of taste
Imagism
A poetic movement in which concrete details predominate in short descriptive poems
Onomatopoeia
Words whose meanings are closely related to their sounds (Splash, thud)
Pun
The use of one word to imply the additional meaning of a similar-sounding word
Paronomasia
the formal term for the word pun
Tenor (of the figure of speech)
the thing being described
vehicle
concrete image
figures of speech
all of the types of figurative language that involve some kind of comparison
tropes
all of the types of figurative language that involve some kind of comparison
Metaphor
A direct comparison between two unlike things
Ex. His words were as sharp as knives.
Implied Metaphor
A metaphor in which either the tenor or vehicle is implied, not stated
Ex. The running back gathered steam and chugged towards the end zone.
Simile
A comparison using like, as, or than as a connective device
Ex. My love is like a red, red rose.
Conceit
An extended or far-fetched metaphor, in most cases comparing things that apparently have almost nothing in common
Ex. Make me, O Lord, thy spinning wheel complete
Hyperbole
An overstatement, a comparison using conscious exaggeration
Ex. He threw the ball so fast it caught the catcher's mitt on fire.
Understatement
The opposite of a hyperbole
Ex. VCU getting in the Final Four was unpredictable.
Allusion
A metaphor making a direct comparison to a historical or literary event or character, a myth, a biblical reference, and so forth.
He is a Sampson of strength but a Judas of discipline.
Metonymy
Use of a related object to stand for the thing actually being talked about
Ex. It's the only white-collar street in this blue-collar town.
Synecdoche
use of a part for the whole, or vice versa
Ex. The crowned heads of Europe were in attendance.
Personification
Giving human characteristics to nonhuman things or to abstractions
Ex. Justice weighs the evidence in her golden scales.
Paradox
An apparent contradiction or illogical statement
I'll never forget old what's-his-name.
Oxymoron
A short paradox, consisting of an adjective and noun with conflicting meanings.
Ex. The touch of her lips was sweet agony
Synthesia
A conscious mixing of two different types of sensory experience
Ex. A raw, red wind rushed from the north.