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Psych ch 8
Terms in this set (29)
Initiative Versus Guilt
Erikson's third psychosocial stage in which young children develop a sense of purposefulness, trying new skills and activities, and take pride in their accomplishments, as well as feel guilt if they are unsuccessful.
The set of attributes, abilities, and characteristics that a person uses to describe and define himself or herself.
The emotional evaluation of one's own worth.
The tendency to compare and judge one's abilities, achievements, and behaviors in relation to others.
The capacity to understand another person's emotions and concerns.
Actions that are oriented toward others for the pure sake of helping, without a reward.
Behavior that harms or violates the rights of others; can be physical or relational.
Behavior that hurts someone else in order to achieve a goal such as gaining a possession.
Harming someone through nonphysical acts aimed at harming a person's connections with others, such as by exclusion and rumor spreading.
Enduring sets of childrearing behaviors a parent uses across situations to form a childrearing climate.
Authoritarian Parenting Style
An approach to childrearing that emphasizes high behavioral control and low levels of warmth and autonomy granting.
Permissive Parenting Style
A childrearing approach characterized by high levels of warmth and low levels of control or discipline.
Authoritative Parenting Style
An approach to childrearing in which parents are warm and sensitive to children's needs, grant appropriate autonomy, and exert firm control.
Uninvolved Parenting Style
A childrearing style characterized by low levels of warmth and acceptance coupled with little control or discipline.
Strategy to control children's behavior that relies on reasoning and discussion.
Also known as child abuse, any intentional harm to a minor, including actions that harm the child physically, emotionally, sexually, or through neglect.
Any intentional harm to a minor (under the age of 18), including actions that harm the child physically, emotionally, sexually, or through neglect; also known as child maltreatment.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
An anxiety disorder that occurs as a delayed reaction to experiencing a traumatic event and includes flashbacks, nightmares, and feelings of helplessness.
A professional who is legally obligated to report suspected child maltreatment to law enforcement.
The adoption of male or female characteristics.
Gender Role Norms
The activities, attitudes, skills, and characteristics that are considered appropriate for males or females.
Refer to broad generalized judgments of the activities, attitudes, skills, and characteristics deemed appropriate for males or females in a given culture.
The process in which young children acquire the characteristics and attitudes that are considered appropriate for males or females.
Awareness of oneself as a male or female.
Denotes when a person's sense of identity and gender do not correspond to that person's biological sex.
A child's understanding of the biological permanence of gender and that it does not change regardless of appearance, activities, or attitudes.
A concept or a mental structure that organizes gender-related information and embodies a person's understanding of what it means to be a male or female and is used as a guide to attitudes and behaviors.
Social interaction involving chasing and play fighting with no intent to harm.
Make-believe play in which children act out roles and themes.
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