What was going on in England at the time. _______ of discovery, defeat of the ________, expanding ________, and increased _________
Who introduced printing books in 1475?
Writer of England's first comedy, Ralph Roister Doister
Gammer Gurton's Needle
Another play produced in 1552
Sackville and Norton
A tragedy, "Gorbudoc", written by ____ and ____ in 1561
England authorities hated the theater because the crowds spread _____ and caused ______
The first public playhouse, held ~500 people. Located outside of London to escape the city's jurisdiction
Who constructed The Theatre in 1576
The Fortune, the swan, Blackfriars, and Shakespeare's Globe
Other England theaters (4)
Nickname for Elizabethan theater structures. round or octagonal with two or three tiers of thatched roof galleries surrounding an open court on 3 sides.
Elizabethan theatre's had large platforms and _______ that extended into the open court. At the center back of the platform was a small curtained inner stage for small interior settings ex. Juliet's burial vault
backstage where actors changed constumes
did the style of the playhouses affect dramatic writing
scene changes, action, language
how the playhouse's stylings affected dramatic writing: 1. rapid ________ ______ 2. more ______ b/c more space to move 3. since audience close to stage, expressive ______ was used
announced performances. white for comedy. black for tragedy
Who attended the theater?
tradesmen, soldiers, apprentices, and servants. paid a penny to get in. stood in "the pit"
place where groundlings stood
lords and ladies
Who sat in the gallery? Some rich people even got to sit on stage
______ sold oranges and nuts that were noisily eaten by the audience
the term _____ comes from when people paid their coins and put them in small boxes. Full boxes were taken to a room and exchanged for an empty one. The room where all the filled boxes were put
was there scenery?
The burning of the Globe theater
Event in 1613 as the result of the thatch roof catching a spark from the cannon shots that announced the king's entrance in Henry VII
________ reflected the time period. Little historical accuracy
Were women allowed to act?
Who took female roles? ______ whos voices had not yet changed
1 of 3 great actors. Son of James Burbage. played many Shakespearian tragic figures: Hamlet, Othello, Richard III, King Lear
1 of 3 great actors. acted tragedies by Marlowe and others
1 of 3 great actors. Portrayed Shakespeare's great comic parts
should violence be shown on stage?
Tragedy writer. Graduated from Cambridge U, was originally denied his Masters until Elizabeth stepped in b/c he probably helped her discover a plot against her throne. killed in a tavern brawl
Marlowe's Mighty Line
"______". term for Marlowe's perfected blank verse. Ex. Tamberlaine, Edward II, The Jew of Malta
Marlowe's best known play. a rendition of a man who sells his soul to the devil
Was the face that launched a thousand ships
Famous line from Dr. Faustus
a tavern fight
How did Marlowe die?
classical writer. thought that he was superior to Shakespeare. Wrote biting, humorous satire. Had Masques. Ex. Everyman in His Humour, Volpone, and The Alchemist
a great extravaganza of song, dance, and recitation
dramatist. born-Stratford Upon Avon, only education was grammar school married Anne Hathaway, left wife and 3 kids to go to London where he worked as an actor, manager, and writer
Histories, comedies, tragedies, fantasies
Shakespeare wrote ____ _____ ____ and ______
ideas, language, characters
Shakespeare's greatness: 1. had balanced plot and character, serious and comedic, climax and release 2. had universal ______ 3. magical _______ 4. memorable _______
The Puritan leader who was always against the theatre. When he gained control, theater died out. However, plays performed secretly.