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Goat Bowl Questions

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What are the four compartments of a goat's stomach?
rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum
How long is a doe's gestation period?
Approximately 5 months or 145 - 155 days
How long should your doe be dry before breeding?
6 - 8 weeks
What is a male goat called?
Buck
Define Metritis
Inflammation of the uterus.
Which of the following will predispose a goat to ketosis?
a. improper milking procedure
b. unbalanced diet
c. sudden dietary change
d. too many vitamins during pregnancy
e. underfeeding during advanced pregnancy
b: unbalanced diet, c: sudden dietary change; e: underfeeding during advanced pregnancy
Can you make butter out of goat's milk?
Yes; butter can be made from goat's milk.
What is goat meat called?
Chevon
What kind of doe has very small ears?
La Mancha
What kind of doe has very long ears?
Nubian
What should a goat have at all times?
Water
Name three different shots needed by a goat in Western Washington.
Tetnus; Selenium-VitaminE or BoSe or White Muscle Disease; Enterotoxemia
What is the main food of a goat 0 - 3 days of age?
Colostrum
How many times a year should a doe freshen?
Once
What breed of goat is all white?
Saanen
Describe three signs of ketosis in a goat.
Depressed, off-feed, wobbly gait, acetone odor on breath, constipation, mucous covered feces, drop in milk production.
What is a goat's normal temperature?
101.5 to 104 degrees F.
Name three internal parasites
Coccidia, liver flukes, lungworms, intestinal roundworms, and stomach roundworms
Describe "dairy character".
characteristics that reveal potential for high production, including angularity, femininity, sharpness, open ribs, and soft pliable skin
Why do you not feed strong flavored feeds such as onion or cabbage withing four hours before milking?
Milk picks up flavor-milk will pick up odor or taste.
What kind of doe comes from the French Alps?
French Alpine
What should a goat's navel be dipped in immediately after being born?
7% iodine
How much should a young doe weigh before it is bred?
80 - 90 pounds
When an animal is bloated, just give them lots of water and don't worry.
True or False?
false; you SHOULD worry
What part of a doe should be clipped prior to freshening?
Udder, flanks, and around the tail
Where did the breed La Mancha originate?
America-as a cross between a Spanish short-eared goat and other leading purebred breeds.
What purpose are the goat's wattles?
None
The period between heats in does is how many days?
18 - 21 days
Is goat milk easier or harder to digest than cow's milk?
Easier
What is a test for determining internal parasite invasion?
Egg count in stool specimen
What is a female goat called?
Doe
Can goat's milk be used in making cheese?
Yes, it can be used in making cheese.
What is the milk producing gland of the doe?
Udder
What is another name for the womb where the young remain until born?
Uterus
What is another name for the doe's estrous cycle?
Heat period
What is the proper word for when the doe is not milking?
Dry
What is the proper word for time when a doe is in milk?
lactation period
What does angularity refer to?
The sharpness or the triangles shown by the three major angles in the dairy goat's conformation.
How much does a gallon of goat milk weigh?
8.6 pounds
What does A.I. stand for?
Artificial Insemination
Another word for afterbirth is: ?
placenta
A goat's lactation is usually measured in a ten-month period.
True or False
true; it is measured in a 10 month period.
What is inbreeding?
Mating of closely related animals
The color pattern of Chamois belongs to what breed?
a. Saanen
b. Toggenburg
c. French Alpine
d. Nubian
c. French Alpine
What are the four major parts of the dairy goat scorecard?
General appearance, body capacity, dairy character, mammary system
A goat has only two dewclaws.
true or false
false; a goat has 4 dewclaws.
What causes White Muscle Disease?
Selenium deficiency
Is ringworm a bacteria or a fungus?
fungus
The Nubian has a specific color pattern.
true or false?
false-it can be any color
The crops are found near the hips
true or false
false; they are near the shoulder
What is kidding?
female giving birth to young
Which breed originated in America?
La Mancha
What is gestation?
The time in which the doe carries her young.
The thurl is located between the pin bone and the _____ bone.
hip
The barrel refers to what area of the body?
stomach area
When entering the ring, which way do you circle the ring?
clockwise
What is a ruminant?
A cud chewing animal with a four compartment stomach
What color are the prescribed clothes for showing dairy?
white
Milk fever is caused by a failure to use calcium available from both the diet and from the bones.
true or false
true; calcium is important!
The escutcheon is found under the chin.
true or false
false; it is attached to the udder
When kidding, the hind legs of the kid usually come out first.
true or false
false; it would hurt if the back legs came out first
Does fed a diet high in calcium prior to freshening are more susceptible to Milk Fever than dry does fed a ration low in calcium.
true or false
false;they are less susceptible.
What ligament supports the udder?
Median suspensory ligament
Listeriosis can be transmitted from goat to man through milk.
true or false
true it can be transmitted
Spell " exhibitor"
E X H I B I T O R
_____________ is the first milk given after kidding.
Colostrum
When an animal has milk fever, there is always an abnormally high body temperature.
true or false
false; temperature is not always high.
The stifle is that part of the goat located just below the joint of the shoulder
true or false
true; stifle is located just below the joint of the shoulder
The loin and the chine are parts of the back.
true or false
true; loin & chine are part of the back.
Goat milk is more readily digested than cow's milk.
true or false
true because it is naturally homoginized.
What is goat meat called?
chevon
Cream rises to the top of goat's milk very quickly, especially if it is cooled rapidly.
true or false
false; because it is naturally homogenized.
Name six breeds of dairy goats
Alpine, La Mancha, Nubian, Oberhasli, Saanen, Toggenburg
Lice are internal parasites.
true or false
false; lice are external
What is a castrated male goat called?
wether
What is another name for over-eating disease?
enterotoxemia
What should be done to a newborn kid's navel as soon as possible?
dipped in 7% iodine
How many compartments does a goat's stomach have?
four
Can sore mouth be transmitted to humans from goats?
yes sore mouth can be transmitted from goats to humans.
What is another name for sore mouth?
Contagious Ecthyma
What is inflammation of the mammary gland called?
Mastitis
What is another word for heat in goats?
Estrus
Where is a goat tattooed?
The hairless part of the tail or in the ear.
On the ADGA Dairy Goat Scorecard, how many points is body capacity worth?
20 points
What is another name for diarrhea in goats?
Scours
What is the accumulation of excessive amounts of gas in the rumen called?
Bloat
What does DHIA stand for?
Dairy Herd Improvement Association
What is the traditional lactation period?
305 days
What does ADGA stand for?
American Dairy Goat Association
What does AR stand for?
Advance Registry
Where did Saanens originate?
Switzerland
Name three external parasites
lice, mites, ticks, fleas, screw-worms, fly maggots
Milk veins are the passageways for milk to get into the udder.
true or false
false they are subcutaneous abdominal veins of lactating animals
Who developed a workable test for butterfat in milk?
S.M. Babcock
What does CMT mean?
Califonia Mastitis Test
What is the largest compartment in a goat's stomach?
rumen
What liquid compound is used to freeze and store frozen semen?
liquid nitrogen
The hock is above or below the pastern?
Above the pastern
A cud chewing animal is known as a ___
ruminant
Another name for the afterbirth is the __
placenta
How many knees does a goat have?
two: a goat has two knees
At what age does a goat get its upper front teeth?
Never: a goat never gets upper teeth
The withers are located between the hip bones and the pin bones.
true or false
false: the withers are near the neck
A kid receives what percentage of its inheritance from its dam?
50%
Kidding difficulty and dystocia are the same.
true or false
true: kidding difficulty and dystocia are the same
The stifle joint is part of the front leg and shoulder region.
true or false
False; the stifle is part of the rear leg
The hip bones and the pin bones are the same.
true or false
false; the hip bones and pin bones are NOT the same.
On the ADGA Dairy Goat Scorecard, General Appearance and Mammary System are worth how many points?
30 points
Complete this statement: Washing the udder with warm water before starting to milk cleanses the udder and _____
stimulates the let-down of milk
What does TDN mean?
total digestible nutrients
In a dairy goat, which compartment of the stomach has the greates volume?
rumen
What is the polled factor and can the polled factor be inherited?
hornless and yes
On the ADGA Dairy Goat Scorecard, all body parts have the same point value.
true or false
false; body part values are different
The first milk produced following parturition is called ____
colostrum
What would you use a gestation table for?
To ascertain expected kidding date
Thickness over the shoulders and at the thighs indicate a lack of what major component of the Unified Scorecard?
Dairy Character
In a pedigree what is the dam?
mother or female parent
Metritis is an infection of the reproductive tract.
true or false
true; Metritis is an inflamation in the walls of the uterus.
When we say a goat has "settled" what do we mean?
The doe has been successfully bred resulting in pregnancy
What organization oversees production testing programs nationally?
National DHIA
What is the sac or membrane that surrounds the fetal kid called?
placenta
At birth, what is the normal presentation of the kid?
front legs and feet first
Approximately how much blood must be pumped through the udder to make a pound of milk?
400 lbs
How do we prevent navel ill in newborn kids?
By dipping the navel cord in iodine or other approved disinfectant
Is Ketosis considered a reproductive disorder or a metabolic disorder?
Metabolic disorder
What do these symptoms indicate: progressive lameness; swollen foot up into the animal; cracking of the tissue between claws.
foot rot
Early in a kid's life, which stomach compartment is larger- the rumen or the abomasum?
abomasum
What is the minimum height for a mature Toggenburg in inches?
25 inches
What are the large organic molecules that have a special affinity for certain minerals?
chelate
Which of the following animals is not a ruminant?
sheep, cows, horses, deer
horses
Which one of the following minerals is toxic for goats?
phosphorous, calcium, lead
lead
What is homogenization?
Breaking down and reducing the size of fat globules in milk.
What is the major difference between goat and cow's milk?
Natural homogenization in goat's milk
Spell "Abomasum"
A B O M A S U M
What bacteria causes brucellosis?
Brucella melitensis
A goat's hooves should be trimmed how often?
Every 3 - 6 weeks
Name two common types of goats other than dairy goats.
Pygmy and Angora
Define an American die great.
3 successive generations of grading up by breeding to purebred sires of one breed.
Describe two areas on the goat involving "Dairy Character".
neck, withers, ribs, flank, thighs, skin
What is a goat's normal heartbeat per minute?
70 - 95
how much should a young doe weigh before it is bred?
80 - 90 pounds
What disease develops blisters on the lips and gums?
Contagious Ecthyma or sore mouth
Founder affects what part of the body?
feet
What hormone begins and helps the birth process
Estrogen
What is the name given to the unborn kid?
fetus
What does double-teated mean?
Two teats on the same half of the udder.
What can be used to synchronize estrus in a group of does?
Prostaglandin or Progesterone
Who brought the first purebred Toggenburgs to the US from England?
William A. Shafer of Ohio in 1893
What vitamin is essential for normal clotting of blood?
Vitamin K
What is the smallest breed of goat?
Pygmy
Name four signs of parasitic invasion.
General unthriftiness, rough hair coat, paleness of mucous membranes, weight loss
The period between heats in does is usually how many days?
18-21 days
What does 4-H stand for?
Head, Heart, Hands, Health
Young round worms reach maturity in about how many weeks?
2 - 6 weeks
What hormone is responsible for maintaining pregnancy?
Progesterone
Name two breeds of goats that come from the Swiss Alps.
Toggenburg, Saanen, Oberhasli, Swiss Alpine
On the showmanship card, how many points are allocated to the appearance of the goat?
40 points
Goats need what two minerals in the largest amounts?
Calcium and Phosphorus
What do you call a goat that naturally has no horns?
Polled
What is another name for Johne's Disease?
Paratuberculosis
What does angularity refer to?
The sharpness of the triangle shown by the three major angles in the dairy goat's confirmation.
What disease is treated using early doses of 6 - 8 ounces of propylene glycol given orally?
Ketosis
What muscle in the teat stops the milk from leaking out?
Sphincter
What is the term used for removing a young kid's horns?
Disbudding
What do you call the "tassels" some goats have on their necks?
Wattles
Is loose salt or block salt better for your goat?
loose
List two ways a person can tell if their goat is in heat.
Red and swollen vulva, riding, standing to be ridden, flagging tail, frequent urination, bleating
What problem can tansy ragwort cause when found in your pasture used to feed your goats?
It is poisonous to your goats
What is meant by the initials DHIR?
Dairy Herd Improvement Registry
What is the normal birth weight of a dairy goat kid?
5 - 6 pounds
What causes white muscle disease?
Selenium deficiency
Where in the goat are B complex vitamins synthesized?
rumen
What is grading up?
The practice of mating purebred sires to grade animals to improve the offspring
Milk is at what temperature when it comes from the goat?
103 degrees F
What do you call a goat of unknown or unimproved ancestry?
Scrub
Milk is the best source of what mineral for humans
calcium
What does it mean when a doe frequently bleats, shows uneasiness, rides other animals and stand for riding animals?
She is in estrus (heat)
The fetus develops what % of its weight in the last six weeks?
70%
Milk is a good sources of what B vitamin?
Riboflavin
What is the portion of the year during which a goat does not ovulate?
Season anestrus
What do the letters USDA stand for?
United States Department of Agriculture
What is laminitis?
Inflammation of the tissues of the feet
What vitamin deficiency is associated with white muscle disease?
Vitamin E
What is another name for a twisted stomach?
Displaced abomasum
When kidding which legs of the kid usually come first?
front
Name two indicators of good quality hay.
leafiness, green color, softness, small stems, good smell
When a doe seldom comes in heat during the spring, she is beginning a period called ___
seasonal anestrus
How can a goat be brought into heat out of the normal breeding season?
hormones or controlled lighting
Listeriosis can be transmitted from goat to man through what?
milk
Another name for Type D enterotoxemia is ____
Overeating Disease or pulpy-kidney disease
Urinary calculi is caused from an excess of what mineral in the diet?
phosphorus
What are the two main methods of housing dairy goats?
shed type or loose housing, tile stalls or individual confinement
The science that deals with inheritance is
genetics
What type of solution is useful if the kid starts to show signs of diarrhea?
Electrolyte
What is the major cause of death in diarrhea cases?
loss of body fluids
What is a potential problem when goats eat hay bedded area?
parasites
What are male kids in which the testicles do not descend into the scrotum?
cryptorchid
What would you use an elastrator for with goats?
to castrate male kids
What is the name for the letdown hormone that causes milk to be squeezed from the tiny alveoli?
Oxytocin
The best stimulation for milk letdown is washing and massaging the udder.
true or false
true: washing and massaging the udder is teh best stimulation for milk letdown.
Why are single service paper towels much better than multiple service washcloth and/or sponges for washing and drying the goat's udder?
prevent mastitis
What organization provided the uniform score card for judging dairy goats?
American Dairy Goat Association
Grazing goats early in the morning on wet pasture rich in legumes may lead to what condition?
bloat
Why is it always wise to feed hay even when the pasture is rich and succulent?
to avoid bloating the animal
In what part of whole milk are most of the off flavors found?
fat
Goats are a major meat source for many people of the world.
true or false
true; goat is the major meat source for many people.
What is the term used to describe the scoring of the type of animal based on their appearance?
classification
What term describes the highest part of the back, where the shoulder blades almost touch?
withers
What term describes the circumference of the chest measured behind the elbows?
girth
On the ADGA Dairy Goat Scorecard, what category would breed characteristics fall under?
General Appearance
What is the accumulation of excessive amounts of gas in the rumen called?
bloat
What is the oldest registered breed of any animal in the world?
Toggenburg
Which breed was the first imported purebred dairy goat?
Toggenburg
What disease causes an ulcer or cloudy area in the cornea of the eye?
pink eye
What disease causes abortion and circling disease?
Listeriosis
When showing, where should your goat be?
between yourself and the judge
What vitamin is colostrum higher than normal milk in?
Vitamin A
What are kids that have both male and female reproductive organs?
hermaphrodites
TDN means what?
Total digestible nutrients
Whey is the by-product of what dairy manufacturing process?
cheese making
Is selenium a vitamin, mineral, or protein?
mineral
What is dystocia in goats?
kidding difficulty
Acetonemia is another name for what?
Ketosis
What is the major protein in milk?
casein
What are the two main support systems of the mammary glands?
skin and ligaments
The process of giving birth is called ____
Parturition
Vaccination forms what substance in the animal's body?
Antibodies
Soybean oil mean and cottonseel meal are what kind of supplements?
Protein supplements
In which compartment of the ruminant stomach are we most apt to find hardware and small pebbles?
rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum
reticulum
A mineral element that Western Washington is deficient in is what?
Iodine and selenium
What is the name of the Frech scientist who discovered the pastuerization process?
Louis Pasteur
Name 3 bacterias that can cause mastitis.
Streptococcus bacteria, staphyloccus bacteria, and coliform bacteria
What does Intravenous mean?
Into the vein
When is the most effective time to treat chronic mastitis infection?
At drying off
The lack of what mineral leads to grass tetany or grass staggers?
Magnesium
When referring to a goat's udder, what does edema mean?
Swelling
What is the minimum height for a mature Toggenburg in inches?
25 inches
When an animal has milk fever, there is always an abnormally high body temperature. True or False
False; it is not always accompanied by a high temperature
True or False: A goat's lactation is usually measured in a ten-month period.
True; the lactation period is measured in a ten month period.
What is the traditional lactation period?
Ten months/ 305 days
What breed of goat is all white?
Saanen
Acetonemia is another name for what?
Ketosis
What is the proper word for when the doe is not milking?
Dry
What do you called a goat that naturally has no horns?
Polled
True or False: Milk Fever is caused by a failure to use calcium available from both the diet and from the bones.
True; it is a failure to use calcium
What is the term used for removing a young kid's horns?
disbudding
Is ketosis considered a reproductive disorder or a metabolic disorder?
metabolic disorder
The escutcheon is found under the chin. True or false?
False, the escutcheon is near udder
Name two distinctive features of a Nubian goat.
ears and Roman nose
What term describes the circumference of the chest measured behind the elbows?
girth
Define an American die great
3 successive generations of grading up by breeding to purebred sires of one breed
Whey is a by-product of what dairy manufacturing process?
cheese making
What is dystocia in goats?
kidding difficulty
What does AR stand for?
Advance Registry
What is the term used to describe the scoring of the type of animal based on their appearance?
Classification
On the ADGA Dairy Goat Scorecard, General Appearance and Mammary System are worth how many points?
30 points
What would you use a gestation table for?
Determine the expected kidding date
What muscle in the teat stops the milk from leaking out?
Sphincter
Where is a goat tattooed?
The hairless part of the tail or in the ear
In a pedigree what is the dam?
mother or female parent