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Major means of control used by neocolonialists to maintain global stratification.
the most industrialized nations entrap the poor nations with a circle of debt
contradictory class locations
position in the class structure that generates contradictory interests
variables used by Gilbert and Kahl to develop six class model
portray the class structure of the US and other capitalist countries. Capitalists, Upper Middle, Lower Middle, Working, Working Poor, Underclass
Which groups of persons would have the narrowest field of eligible marriage partners based on background expectations
What did kohn suggest was the primary influence upon parents that emphasized how they reared their children
lower class focus more on getting their children to follow the rules and obey authority, middle class focus more on developing their children's creative and leadership skills
Characteristics of people in carious social classes
Capitalist class place strong emphasis on family tradition. Lower social class has a more likelihood of divorce. Education is more important for Capitalist class. Lower class is attracted to more expressive worship services. Higher social class more likely to vote Republican, working class vote Democrat
Relationship between one's social class and one's chances of being a victim of a crime
white collar crimes of more privelaged classes are more likely to be dealt with outside the criminal justice system, police and courts deal with street crimes of lower class.
change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
The division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative property, power, and prestige
The most significant difference between the class system and the systems of slavery, caste, and estate
in class system you can change your social class by what you achieve or fail to achieve in life.
what did Marx predict would have after workers were epolited year after year by the capitalist class?
a workers revolution that would overthrow capitalism
In the global stratification model, which nations would be considered the most industrialized nations, industrializing nations, and least industrialized nations?
Most: United States Canada Great Britain France Germany Switzerland Japan Australia New Zealand
Industrializing: Most of the former Soviet Union
Least: people that live on small farms or in villages, have large families, and barely survive
The purpose of colonialism as practiced by the major European powers during the 18th 19th and 20th centuries
to establish economic colonies to exploit the nation's people and resources for the benefit of the mother country
Culture of poverty
the assumptions that the values and behavior of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people, that these factors are largely responsible for their poverty and that parents perpetuate poverty across generations by passing these characteristics to their children
where does the greatest pay gap exist between men and women over their lifetime?
women that choose lower paying jobs such as teachers
what two careers are most associated with being successful in politics
house of reps and the president
the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people because their presumed race or ethnicity
people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collection discrimination
exaggerates virtues of a group, as when people think that some group is more capable than others
What did ezekiel suggest as the reason why some people are attracted to racist hate groups?
the world is made of distinct racial groups; life is a war between these groups. Events have secret causes, are never what they seem superficially
occurs when large numbers of people move up and down the social class ladder, but on balance the proportions of the social class remain about the same
movement up or down the social class ladder that is due to changes in the structure of society not to individual efforts
numerically, what is the race of the majority of the poor in the US
10% Asian Americans and Whites
24% African Americans
27% Native Americans
relationship between births to single mothers and their level of education
less education a single woman has, the most likely she is to bear children
social structure explanation of poverty
features of society deny some people access to education or the learning of job skills. They emphasize racial-ethnic, age, and gender discrimination as well as changes in the job market
reserve labor force
it is designed to keep the unemployed alive during economic downturns until their labor is needed during the next economic boom
relationship between social class and the likelihood of embracing deferred gratification
doing something int he present in the hope of achieving great gains in the future
how do behavioral gender differences develop between men and women?
men are more aggressive, women are more nurturing
why are females classified as a minority group
males became more dominant in history when it came to their jobs that they had to do such as hunting
goals of the radical and conservative branches of the first wave of feminism
the right for women to vote
four waves of feminism
right to vote, working conditions, criticism of the values that dominate work society, problems of women in the least industrialized nations
people who are prejudiced and rank high on scales of conformity intolerance insecurity respect for authority and submissiveness to superiors
seeing certain features of an object or situation but remaining blind to others
achieved by making life so miserable for members of minority that they leave voluntarily
the dominant group refuses to allow the minority to practice its religion, to speak its language or to follow its customs
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