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SAQ unit 2
Terms in this set (21)
Briefly explain ONE historical benefit the colonies received under British mercantilism in the period from 1608 to 1754.
One historical benefit the colonies received under British mercantilism was the protection they got from the English military. The navigation acts that set restrictions of colonial trade provided protection to the colonists from the english military against French and Spanish attack. This allowed colonists the benefit of being protected from attacks by the French and Spanish.
Briefly explain ONE specific historical disadvantage the colonies had under British mercantilism in the period from 1607 to 1754.
One historical disadvantage the colonies had under british mercantilism was the limited development of colonial economy. The navigation acts that were imposed on the british limited the development of the colonial economy because they had to pay high prices for manufacture goods from england, and could only sell goods to england. This caused the colonist economy to only develop to and extent because of mercantilist policies of the navigation acts imposed by the british.
Briefly explain ONE specific historical action the colonies took in response to British mercantilism in the period from 1607 to 1754.
The colonies would smuggle goods from other countries in response to British mercantilism policies. Policies enforced by England mercantilism like the navigation acts only allowed the colonists to trade with England. Massachusetts Bay became a center of smuggling, when the British found out the crown revoked their charter. Colonists resented this and continued to smuggle goods from other countries, despite the mercantilist policies put into place.
Briefly explain ONE way in which Puritanism influenced the development of New England from 1630 to 1685.
Puritanism influenced developed New England societies by helping create new settlements from their banishing. People who were banned from Massachusetts Bay colony from questioning puritan teachings formed the colonies of Rhode Island and Connecticut, where a new denomination of Christian, Baptist started. Without strict Puritanism policies new colonies wouldn't have started in New England.
Briefly explain another way in which Puritanism influenced the development of New England from 1630 to 1685.
Puritanism influenced the development of New England by establishing places like the Massachusetts Bay Colony and turning them into theocracies. People who lived under a Puritan belief colony who would challenge the church authority would be exiled. Male members of the Puritan church had the right to elect government and representative assembly. This shows that Puritanism influenced the government and developed New England colonies like Massachusetts Bay into religion theocracies.
Briefly explain how ONE specific new colony in New England developed differently as a result of Puritanism during the period from 1630 to 1685.
Rhode Island developed differently and was more religiously diverse in New England by Puritan expulsion. The people who were expelled for questioning the Puritan formed Rhode Island. The founder Roger Williams created the baptists church and the governor allowed quakers, catholics, and jews to worship freely. Without the result of Puritanism in MBC Rhode Island wouldn't have been a colony.
Briefly explain ONE factor that led to the growth of African slavery from 1619 to 1750 in the North American British colonies.
The growth of slavery in North America colonies was by the dependability of their workforce they offered. Farmers and colonists thought slaves would provide a stable workforce from them not knowing the land, and they came in bigger numbers. In contrast to the Natives who would easily escape the land, and the small number of supply of indentured servants. These factors contributed to the growth of African slavery in the Colonies.
Briefly explain ONE way in which African slavery changed colonial society.
African slavery changed colonial society because whites began to regard all Blacks as inferior. As slavery grew more laws were made to degrade african slaves, such as slaves children inherited their mother status for life, and baptism couldn't affect a slaves status. These laws gave slaves fewer rights as the colonists (white people) saw them as more superior.
Explain ONE way African slaves resisted the dehumanizing aspects of slavery.
Slaves would resist the dehumanizing aspects of slavery by blending their culture with the colonists. Slaves would adopt christianity and combine it with their African religious practices, and they would use songs and storytelling to maintain their traditions and customs. This shows that African slaves were still able to have a culture by maintaining and combining their traditions with the colonists.
Briefly explain ONE difference between the economy of British North American colonies in the Chesapeake region and the economy of the middle colonies.
The economy of the Chesapeake region and middle colonies differed by them producing different crops for economic gain. The Chesapeake region produced and sent tobacco to keep it's economy financially stable. While the middle colonies produced grain to help keep their economy stable but also had iron-making manufacturing. These variation in crops and manufacturing efforts in the middle and cheasapeake colonies caused difference between them.
Briefly explain ONE similarity between the economy of the Chesapeake colonies and the economy of the middle colonies.
The economy of the Chesapeake and middle colonies both used agricultural crops to export and benefit their economies. The middle colonies would use their fertile land to grow wheat and corn to export, while the Chesapeake region would have a monopoly on tobacco. These agricultural exports helped benefit their economies.
Briefly explain ONE difference between the economy of the Chesapeake colonies and the economy of the New England colonies.
New England's colonies economy differentiated from the Chesapeake colonies by their non-agricultural economy. Rocky soil caused subsistence farming for the people of the NewEngland colonies, so they relied of manufacturing sectors of shipbuilding, fishing, and shipping. Compared to the Chesapeake who used agriculture and plantations to support their economy. New England's difference of an all-manufacturing economy caused unique economic distinctions between these two colonies.
Briefly explain ONE important similarity between the goals of the Spanish and the English in establishing colonies in the Americas prior to 1700.
Both the Spanish and the British were similar when establishing colonies by them wanting to find gold. The Spanish made settlements in Florida and established St. Augustine in hopes of finding gold. The Jamestown Virginia company was established in hopes of finding gold. Both colonies were unsuccessful in finding the amount of gold they wanted, but they were established for the same motivation of finding gold.
Briefly explain ONE important difference between the goals of the Spanish and the English in establishing colonies in the Americas prior to 1700.
The Spanish and English differed in goals for establishing colonies by the way they dealt with the Natives. The spanish subjugated them and used them for labor, like in the encomienda system. On the other hand the English would expel them from their land, and only use them for trading and advice on the land. The native labor performed by the Spanish to reach their colonial goals was different from the English who expelled them to help their colonial goals.
Briefly explain ONE difference between the goals of the French and the English in establishing colonies in the Americas prior to 1700.
The French goals in establishing colonies were all economically based compared to the English who wanted to establish colonies with some religious motives. The French wanted to take control of some North American rivers so they could establish settlements that could help them flourish in the fur trade. While the pilgrims did have some economic motivations in establishing Plymouth, most of the people there were looking for a permanent settlement to practice religious freedom. This seeking of religious freedom that helped fuel the goals of English colonization is a diffaranting aspect compared to the French who wanted to establish settlements for trading such as fur.
Briefly explain how ONE specific environmental or geographical feature of the New England colonies contributed to the region's unique development before 1754.
The long and cold winters of the New England colonies contributed to the region's development by making it harder to survive originally. When the pilgrims first arrived they settled in the beginning of winter so it was hard to grow and find food to support families. This resulted in almost half of the original pilgrims dying from sickness and starvation. However as they made more contact with the Native Americans they helped them learned to adapt and survive to the land, like planting corn and showing them where to fish. The beginning of the rough development of Plymouth wouldn't have been without the cold winters.
Briefly explain how ONE specific environmental or geographical feature of the middle colonies contributed to the region's unique development before 1754.
The fertile soil in the middle colonies allowed for the regions development by providing it to grow grain to export. Wheat and corn was grown and exported in the middle colonies and provided it to economically develop. The middle colonies were nicknamed "the bread colonies'' as a result of their grain exports. Without the rich soil to support the growing of the crops, the middle colonies wouldn't have developed as economically as they did.
Briefly explain how ONE specific environmental or geographical feature of the southern colonies contributed to the region's unique development before 1754.
The swampy water of the southern colonies, specifically Jamestown, caused them to be slow with development by causing malaria and not being a safe water source. Jamestown did not have a proper clean water source so the colonist drank the brackish water from the Chesapeake, this gave them dysentery along with the malaria they got from the mosquitos. These things along with the starvation from the lack of food caused the majority of the colonists to die during the first years of settlement. This caused a rough development for the first few years for the first southern colony.
Briefly explain how ONE specific ethnic group contributed to the development of culture and society in the colonies during the period from 1607 to 1754.
Puritanism contributed to the development of culture and society of the New England colonies by forming new colonies based on religious beliefs. Places like the Massachusetts Bay Colony would exile anyone who questioned the puritan church teachings and members of the Puritan church had the right to elect government and representative assembly. People who would be exiled from the Bay Colony from questioning the church would later form own colonies like Rhode Island and Connecticut, and different sects of protestantism, like baptists. This shows that the Puritans caused New England to consist of unique colonies with different religious input.
Briefly explain ONE specific cause of religious revivalism in the mid-18th century.
Religious revivalism such as the Great Awakening was influenced by enlightenment ideas. Enlightenment ideas in the colonies created confidence in the authority of the bible, which changed the way that people viewed authority, people could make religious decisions without higher authority. Without the spread of Enlightenment ideas in the colonies religious revivalism would not have happened.
Briefly explain ONE specific reason for the difference in economic developments between colonial regions during the period from 1607 to 1754.
Different climates between colonial regions caused different economic developments by limiting regions' ability to farm economically. The New England region consisted of rocky soil and long winters, this resulted in subsistence farming, and for them to focus on manufacturing such as ship building to support their economy. Fertile soil and warmer weather in the middle and southern colonies allowed them to have agricultural based economies run by plantations, especially in the South. Having these unique climates was one of the distinct reasons for the colonies economic variations.
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