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Fashion Merchandising Test 2 Terms

STUDY
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Regular Tanneries
Purchase and process skins and hides and sell the leather as their finished product
Contract Tanneries
Process the hides and skins to the specifications of other firms (mainly converters) but are not involved in the final sale of the leather
Converters
Buy the hides and skins from the meatpackers, commission the tanning to the contract tanneries, and then sell the finished leather
Sustainable Use
An environmental program that encourages landowners to preserve alligator eggs and habitats in return for the right to use a percentage of the grown animals
Skins
Animal pelts that weigh 15 pounds or less; calves, goats, pigs, sheep, and deer
Kips
Animal pelts that weigh from 15-20 pounds; young horses and cattle
Hides
Animal pelts that weigh more than 25 pounds; cattle, buffalo, and horses
Tanning
The process of transforming animal pelts into leather
Pelt
Skin of a fur-bearing animal
Let Out
In regards to furs, a cutting and resewing operation to make short skins into longer-length skins adequate for garment purposes
Leased Department
Situated in the store but run by an independent merchant who pays a percentage of sales to the store as rent
Consignment Selling
A fur manufacturer supplies merchandise to a retail store, which has the option of returning unsold items
Product Development
The teaming of market and trend research with the merchandising, design, and technical processes that develop a final product
Line
An assortment of new designs offered by manufacturers to their customers, usually on a seasonal basis
Groups
A subdivision of a line, linked by a common theme such as color, fabric, or style
Collection
Describes an expensive line in the US or Europe
Line-for-Line Copies
There are exactly like the original designs except that hey have been mass-produced in a less expensive fabrics to standard size measurements
Knockoffs
A trade term referring to the low-price copies of an item that has had good acceptance at higher prices
Anchor
A design from a previous season reworked in a different color or fabric
High-Fashion Designer
A person who creates designs, chooses the fabric, texture, and color for each design. Often, this person is involved with the development of the production model as well as with plans for the promotion of the lame
Stylist-Designer
A person who adapts or changes the successful designs of others
Freelance Artist-Designers
Designers who sell their sketches to manufacturers
Apparel Manufacturer
One who performs all the operations required to produce apparel, from buying the fabric to selling and shipping the finished garments
Apparel Jobber
One who handles the designing, the planning, the purchasing, usually the cutting, the selling, and the shipping, but not the actual sewing operation
Apparel Contractor
A producer whose sole function is to supply sewing services to the industry
Section Work
The division of labor in apparel manufacturing whereby each sewing-machine operator sews only a certain section of the garment, such as a sleeve or hem, in order to speed up the production process
Item Houses
Contractors that specialize in the production of one product
Manufacturer
A producer who handles all phases of a garment's production
Product Development Team
Responsible for a particular product line or brand
Simple Hand
The person who sews the garment in the developmental line, the designer's assistant/seamstress
Computer-Aided Design
Giving designers a new freedom to explore and manipulate their designs in a relatively easy, quick, and inexpensive way
Minimum Orders
A quantity set by manufacturers for the number of styles and/or dollar amount required to accept a retail buyer's order
Grading
Adjustment of a style's sample pattern to meet the dimensional requirements of each size in which the style is to be made
Marker
A long piece of paper upon which the pieces of the pattern of a garment in all its sizes are outlined and which is placed on top of many layers of material for cutting purposes
Spreader
Laying-up machine that carries the material along a guide on either side of the cutting table, laying out the material evenly from end to end
Bundling
The process by which the pieces of each pattern are tied together according to their sizes
Single-Hand Operation
One operator sews the entire garment
Modular Manufacturing System
Teams of seven to nine workers produce entire garments
Floor Ready
The apparel fixed with bar-code price tickets attached, cartons labeled, and shipping documents attached
Quality Assurance
Refers to the product meeting the standards established for it, includes the inspection of each ingredient of the garment
Private Label
A label owned by a retailer and found only in its stores
Retail Store Brand
The name of a chain that is used as the exclusive label on most of the items in the store or clothing
Corporate Licensing
The use of a company's name on related merchandise
Specification Buying
A type of purchasing that is done to the store's, rather than the manufacturer's, standards
Offshore Production
The manufacture of American goods in cheap-labor foreign countries
Factors
Financial penalties imposed on manufacturers by retailers
Quick Response
A business strategy that shortens the time from raw materials to design to production to finished product to the consumer
Universal Product Code
One of a number of bar codes used for automatic identification of items scanned at retail cash registers
Electronic Data Interchange
The electronic exchange of machine-readable data in standard formats between one company's computers and another company's computers
Mass Customization
The idea to tailor the product to fit one particular customer and to supply thousands of individuals, at mass prices, not custom-made prices
Brand Extension
A strategy in which a company uses a successful brand name to launch new or modified products
Ready-to-Wear
Refers to clothing produced in factories to standardized measurements
Price Zones
Series of somewhat contiguous price lines that appeal to specific target groups of customers
Trunk Shows
Events that present a manufacturer's line to a retail store's sales staff and its customers