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History 3 and 4
Terms in this set (62)
This is the process by which people or groups of people move from thier home area to a new area.
This group, defeated by the Egyptians but unable to defeat them, made peace with them.
These people spoke related languages that form the basis of a family of languages spoken by half of the current world population.
The people of this civilization were not merely legendary. In the 19th century, archaeologists excavated ___, it's capital city.
Across the ___, in what is now Lebanon, the civilization of the ___ arose. The people, who were seafaring traders, founded many city-states and colonies.
Med. Sea, Phoenicians
This ruler, known for encouraging the expansion of trade, took power during the New Kingdom to avoid having a child ruler.
These nomads used chariots to invade an Egypt that had been severly weakened and divided by war, etc. They ruled from 1640 to 1570.
The non-Egyptian king overthrew the Libyan dynasty that ruled Egypt and upheld the Egyptian way of life.
This kingdom was long dominated by Egypt but emerged as a regional power after the Egyptian empire declined. They were ousted by the Assyrians.
The Babylonians and the Jews welcomed him as their conqueror.
He seized the Persian throne with the aid of an elite group of Persian soldiers. (10,000 immortals)
He established the manufacture and exchange of metal coins of standard value within the Persian Empire.
He established the Persian custom of honoring the traditions and beliefs of the peoples his armies conquered.
This is the philosophy that was adopted by Shi Huangdi.
He burned books and forced peasants to work on the Great Wall of China.
This concept divides the world into powers that represent the natural rythms of life.
yin and yang
The teachings of this man, China's most influencial scholar, are found in the Analects.
The followers of this philosophy were particularly drawn to the study of sciences such as astronomy and medicine.
During the reign of Shi Huangdi, hundreds of followers of this philosophy were murdered for their belief in
Hindus believe that moksha is the good and bad deeds that a person engages in over one or more lifetimes. T or F
Hindus also believe that these good and bad deeds follow one's soul from one reincarnation to another. T or F
The circumstances of one's life are largely reflected by the class, or caste, into which one is born. T or F
The state of release from selfishness and pain that results from following the Eightfold Path is called nirvana? T or F
The Assyrian king responsible for the conguest and burning of Babylon was Ashurbanipal. T or F
The Chaldeans built an empire centered around Babylon. T or F
Sennacherib was a famous Assyrian prophet. T or F
Babylon was restored by Nebuchadnezzar. T or F
According to the Torah, the first covenant between God and the Hebrew people involved an agreement that___.
God would bless Abraham and his descendants, and they would be faithful.
Monotheism describes the Hebrews' belief-usual for the time-that their God was___.
the one and only God.
According to the Torah, the man who led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt and received the 10 Commandments was___.
The man responsible for having a great temple built in Jerusalem, a temple that was later destroyed and rebuilt, was___.
This group of people settled in what is now India.
This is a member of the highest Indian social class and a Hindu priest.
This names someone so lowly that he or she exists outside the caste system.
Legend tells us that___, ruler of the island of ___, kept a powerful monster in a labyrinth.
King Minos, Crete
The archaeologists named the civilization for ___ and called the people___.
King Minos, Minoans
This civilization of _________, which is located at the southern edge of the ___, thrived for centuries. Later, a natural disaster or combo of tragic events damaged the civilization beyond recovery.
Crete, Aegean Sea
This pharaoh ruled during New Kingdom and made Egypt a mighty empire. His invasion of Nubia greatly added to the territory and power of the empire.
Confucianism stressed a strong belief in this.
The Medes were "allies" of the Assyrians. T or F
The Assyrian conquest of Egypt established its empire in "Southwest Asia". T or F
These people were a group of nomadic peoples who came from the steppes
dry grasslands that stretch north of the caucuses
this is the sacred literature of the Aryan people
this is 4 collections of magical spells, prayers, and instructions on preforming rituals
Who is Hinduism founder
Hinduism cannot be traced back to one founder with a single set of ideas
What religion is this- This is a collection of religious beliefs that developed slowly over time, they see religion as a way of liberating the soul from illusion, disappointments, and mistakes of everyday existence.
What religion believes in reincarnation
this is when an individual soul or spirit is born again and again until moksha is achieved
this is when a person achieves a perfect understanding and a release from life in this world
Who is the founder of Buddhism
What was Siddhartha Gautama called after he achieved enlightenment
What does Buddha mean
What are these called- Life is filled with suffering and sorrow. The cause of all suffering is peoples selfish desire for the temporary pleasures of this world. The to end all suffering is to end all desires. the way to overcome such desires and attain enlightenment is to follow the eight fold path, which is called the Middle Way between desires and self-denial.
The four noble truths
What is buddhas word for release from selfishness and pain
Who did israel and Judea fall to
Who did Assyria fall to while they had Israel and Judea
Solomons temple was destroyed when during the many attacks from other countries
What king let 40,000 Israelite's go back and rebuild there temple; who honored the peoples he conquered religions
King Cyrus of Persia
Who had raise gardens for all his wives
who was a Persian prophet
Who was Cyrus' son wh conquered egypt but did not honor their religion. When he died the empire became fragile
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